SM SAA4D95LE-3 SEBM031001_ENGINES_95-3_0408

September 7, 2017 | Author: Mao LiuGong | Category: Internal Combustion Engine, Turbocharger, Screw, Cylinder (Engine), Piston
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Description

SEBM031001

DIESEL ENGINE

© 2004 All Rights Reserved Printed in Japan 04-04 (01)

00-1 (1)

CONTENTS No. of page

01 GENERAL ............................................................................................................................

01-1

11 STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD............................................

11-1

12 TESTING AND ADJUSTING ........................................................................

12-1

13 DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY ........................................................ 13-1 15 REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS .............................

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95-3 SERIES

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95-3 SERIES

SAFETY

SAFETY NOTICE

SAFETY SAFETY NOTICE IMPORTANT SAFETY NOTICE Proper service and repair is extremely important for safe machine operation. The service and repair techniques recommended by Komatsu and described in this manual are both effective and safe. Some of these techniques require the use of tools specially designed by Komatsu for the specific purpose. To prevent injury to workers, the symbol k is used to mark safety precautions in this manual. The cautions accompanying these symbols should always be followed carefully. If any dangerous situation arises or may possibly arise, first consider safety, and take the necessary actions to deal with the situation.

GENERAL PRECAUTIONS Mistakes in operation are extremely dangerous. Read the Operation and Maintenance Manual carefully BEFORE operating the machine. 1. Before carrying out any greasing or repairs, read all the precautions given on the decals which are fixed to the machine. 2. When carrying out any operation, always wear safety shoes and helmet. Do not wear loose work clothes, or clothes with buttons missing. • •

Always wear safety glasses when hitting parts with a hammer. Always wear safety glasses when grinding parts with a grinder, etc.

3. If welding repairs are needed, always have a trained, experienced welder carry out the work. When carrying out welding work, always wear welding gloves, apron, hand shield, cap and other clothes suited for welding work. 4. When carrying out any operation with two or more workers, always agree on the operating procedure before starting. Always inform your fellow workers before starting any step of the operation. Before starting work, hang UNDER REPAIR signs on the controls in the operator's compartment. 5. Keep all tools in good condition and learn the correct way to use them.

6. Decide a place in the repair workshop to keep tools and removed parts. Always keep the tools and parts in their correct places. Always keep the work area clean and make sure that there is no dirt or oil on the floor. Smoke only in the areas provided for smoking. Never smoke while working. PREPARATIONS FOR WORK 7. Before adding oil or making any repairs, park the machine on hard, level ground, and block the wheels or tracks to prevent the machine from moving. 8. Before starting work, lower blade, ripper, bucket or any other work equipment to the ground. If this is not possible, insert the safety pin or use blocks to prevent the work equipment from falling. In addition, be sure to lock all the control levers and hang warning signs on them. 9. When disassembling or assembling, support the machine with blocks, jacks or stands before starting work. 10.Remove all mud and oil from the steps or other places used to get on and off the machine. Always use the handrails, ladders or steps when getting on or off the machine. Never jump on or off the machine. If it is impossible to use the handrails, ladders or steps, use a stand to provide safe footing.

00-3

SAFETY

PRECAUTIONS DURING WORK 11.When removing the oil filler cap, drain plug or hydraulic pressure measuring plugs, loosen them slowly to prevent the oil from spurting out. Before disconnecting or removing components of the oil, water or air circuits, first remove the pressure completely from the circuit. 12.The water and oil in the circuits are hot when the engine is stopped, so be careful not to get burned. Wait for the oil and water to cool before carrying out any work on the oil or water circuits. 13.Before starting work, remove the leads from the battery. Always remove the lead from the negative (–) terminal first. 14.When raising heavy components, use a hoist or crane. Check that the wire rope, chains and hooks are free from damage. Always use lifting equipment which has ample capacity. Install the lifting equipment at the correct places. Use a hoist or crane and operate slowly to prevent the component from hitting any other part. Do not work with any part still raised by the hoist or crane. 15.When removing covers which are under internal pressure or under pressure from a spring, always leave two bolts in position on opposite sides. Slowly release the pressure, then slowly loosen the bolts to remove. 16.When removing components, be careful not to break or damage the wiring. Damaged wiring may cause electrical fires. 17.When removing piping, stop the fuel or oil from spilling out. If any fuel or oil drips onto the floor, wipe it up immediately. Fuel or oil on the floor can cause you to slip, or can even start fires. 18.As a general rule, do not use gasoline to wash parts. In particular, use only the minimum of gasoline when washing electrical parts.

00-4

SAFETY NOTICE

19.Be sure to assemble all parts again in their original places. Replace any damaged parts with new parts. • When installing hoses and wires, be sure that they will not be damaged by contact with other parts when the machine is being operated. 20.When installing high pressure hoses, make sure that they are not twisted. Damaged tubes are dangerous, so be extremely careful when installing tubes for high pressure circuits. Also, check that connecting parts are correctly installed. 21.When assembling or installing parts, always use the specified tightening torques. When installing protective parts such as guards, or parts which vibrate violently or rotate at high speed, be particularly careful to check that they are installed correctly. 22.When aligning two holes, never insert your fingers or hand. Be careful not to get your fingers caught in a hole. 23.When measuring hydraulic pressure, check that the measuring tool is correctly assembled before taking any measurements. 24.Take care when removing or installing the tracks of track-type machines. When removing the track, the track separates suddenly, so never let anyone stand at either end of the track.

FOREWORD

GENERAL

FOREWORD GENERAL

This shop manual has been prepared as an aid to improve the quality of repairs by giving the serviceman an accurate understanding of the product and by showing him the correct way to perform repairs and make judgements. Make sure you understand the contents of this manual and use it to full effect at every opportunity.

This shop manual mainly contains the necessary technical information for operations performed in a service workshop. For ease of understanding, the manual is divided into the following chapters; these chapters are further divided into the each main group of components.

STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION This section explains the structure and function of each component. It serves not only to give an understanding of the structure, but also serves as reference material for troubleshooting. In addition, this section may contain hydraulic circuit diagrams, electric circuit diagrams, and maintenance standards. TESTING AND ADJUSTING This section explains checks to be made before and after performing repairs, as well as adjustments to be made at completion of the checks and repairs. Troubleshooting charts correlating "Problems" with "Causes" are also included in this section. DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY This section explains the procedures for removing, installing, disassembling and assembling each component, as well as precautions for them. MAINTENANCE STANDARD This section gives the judgment standards for inspection of disassembled parts. The contents of this section may be described in STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION. OTHERS This section mainly gives hydraulic circuit diagrams and electric circuit diagrams. In addition, this section may give the specifications of attachments and options together.

NOTICE The specifications contained in this shop manual are subject to change at any time and without any advance notice. Use the specifications given in the book with the latest date.

00-5

FOREWORD

HOW TO READ THE SHOP MANUAL

HOW TO READ THE SHOP MANUAL

REVISED EDITION MARK

VOLUMES Shop manuals are issued as a guide to carrying out repairs. They are divided as follows:

When a manual is revised, an edition mark ((1)(2)(3)....) is recorded on the bottom of the pages.

Chassis volume: Issued for every machine model Engine volume: Issued for each engine series Each issued as one Electrical volume: Attachments volume: · volume to cover all models

REVISIONS

}

These various volumes are designed to avoid duplicating the same information. Therefore, to deal with all repairs for any model , it is necessary that chassis, engine, electrical and attachment volumes be available. DISTRIBUTION AND UPDATING Any additions, amendments or other changes will be sent to KOMATSU distributors. Get the most up-todate information before you start any work.

FILING METHOD 1. See the page number on the bottom of the page. File the pages in correct order. 2. Following examples show how to read the page number. Example 1 (Chassis volume): 10 - 3 Item number (10. Structure and Function) Consecutive page number for each item. Example 2 (Engine volume): 12 - 5 Unit number (1. Engine) Item number (2. Testing and Adjusting) Consecutive page number for each item. 3. Additional pages: Additional pages are indicated by a hyphen (-) and number after the page number. File as in the example. Example: 12-203 10-4 12-203-1 10-4-1 Added pages 12-203-2 10-4-2 12-204 10-5

00-6

Revised pages are shown in the LIST OF REVISED PAGES next to the CONTENTS page.

SYMBOLS So that the shop manual can be of ample practical use, important safety and quality portions are marked with the following symbols.

Symbol

Item

Remarks

k

Safety

Special safety precautions are necessary when performing the work.

Caution

Special technical precautions or other precautions for preserving standards are necessary when performing the work.

Weight

Weight of parts of systems. Caution necessary when selecting hoisting wire, or when working posture is important, etc.

Tightening torque

Places that require special attention for the tightening torque during assembly.

Coat

Places to be coated with adhesives and lubricants, etc.

5

Oil, water

Places where oil, water or fuel must be added, and the capacity.

6

Drain

Places where oil or water must be drained, and quantity to be drained.

a

4

3 2

FOREWORD

HOISTING INSTRUCTIONS

HOISTING INSTRUCTIONS HOISTING k Heavy parts (25 kg or more) must be lifted with a hoist, etc. In the DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY section, every part weighing 25 kg or more is indicated clearly with the symbol 4 •

If a part cannot be smoothly removed from the machine by hoisting, the following checks should be made: 1) Check for removal of all bolts fastening the part to the relative parts. 2) Check for existence of another part causing interference with the part to be removed.

WIRE ROPES 1) Use adequate ropes depending on the weight of parts to be hoisted, referring to the table below: Wire ropes (Standard "Z" or "S" twist ropes without galvanizing) Rope diameter



Allowable load

mm

kN

tons

10 11.5 12.5 14 16 18 20 22.4 30 40 50 60

9.8 13.7 15.7 21.6 27.5 35.3 43.1 54.9 98.1 176.5 274.6 392.2

1.0 1.4 1.6 2.2 2.8 3.6 4.4 5.6 10.0 18.0 28.0 40.0

Slinging near the edge of the hook may cause the rope to slip off the hook during hoisting, and a serious accident can result. Hooks have maximum strength at the middle portion.

100%

88%

79%

71%

41% SAD00479

3) Do not sling a heavy load with one rope alone, but sling with two or more ropes symmetrically wound onto the load. k Slinging with one rope may cause turning of the load during hoisting, untwisting of the rope, or slipping of the rope from its original winding position on the load, which can result in a dangerous accident.

4) Do not sling a heavy load with ropes forming a wide hanging angle from the hook. When hoisting a load with two or more ropes, the force subjected to each rope will increase with the hanging angles. The table below shows the variation of allowable load kN {kg} when hoisting is made with two ropes, each of which is allowed to sling up to 9.8 kN {1000 kg} vertically, at various hanging angles. When two ropes sling a load vertically, up to 19.6 kN {2000 kg} of total weight can be suspended. This weight becomes 9.8 kN {1000 kg} when two ropes make a 120° hanging angle. On the other hand, two ropes are subjected to an excessive force as large as 39.2 kN {4000 kg} if they sling a 19.6 kN {2000 kg} load at a lifting angle of 150°.

The allowable load value is estimated to be onesixth or one-seventh of the breaking strength of the rope used.

2) Sling wire ropes from the middle portion of the hook.

00-7

FOREWORD

METHOD OF DISASSEMBLING, CONNECTING PUSH-PULL TYPE COUPLER

METHOD OF DISASSEMBLING, CONNECTING PUSH-PULL TYPE COUPLER k Before carrying out the following work, release the residual pressure from the hydraulic tank. For details, see TESTING AND ADJUSTING, Releasing residual pressure from hydraulic tank.

k Even if the residual pressure is released from the hydraulic tank, some hydraulic oil flows out when the hose is disconnected. Accordingly, prepare an oil receiving container. Disconnection 1) Release the residual pressure from the hydraulic tank. For details, see TESTING AND ADJUSTING, Releasing residual pressure from hydraulic tank. 2) Hold adapter (1) and push hose joint (2) into mating adapter (3). (See Fig. 1) ★ The adapter can be pushed in about 3.5 mm. ★ Do not hold rubber cap portion (4). 3) After hose joint (2) is pushed into adapter (3), press rubber cap portion (4) against (3) until it clicks. (See Fig. 2) 4) Hold hose adapter (1) or hose (5) and pull it out. (See Fig. 3) ★ Since some hydraulic oil flows out, prepare an oil receiving container. Connection 1) Hold hose adapter (1) or hose (5) and insert it in mating adapter (3), aligning them with each other. (See Fig. 4) ★ Do not hold rubber cap portion (4). 2) After inserting the hose in the mating adapter perfectly, pull it back to check its connecting condition. (See Fig. 5) ★ When the hose is pulled back, the rubber cap portion moves toward the hose about 3.5 mm. This does not indicate abnormality, however.

00-8

Type 1

FOREWORD

METHOD OF DISASSEMBLING, CONNECTING PUSH-PULL TYPE COUPLER

Type 3

1) Hold the mouthpiece of the tightening portion and push body (2) in straight until sliding prevention ring (1) contacts contact surface a of the hexagonal portion at the male end.

1) Hold the mouthpiece of the tightening portion and push body (2) in straight until sliding prevention ring (1) contacts contact surface a of the hexagonal portion at the male end.

2) Hold in the condition in Step 1), and turn lever (4) to the right (clockwise).

2) Hold in the condition in Step 1), and push until cover (3) contacts contact surface a of the hexagonal portion at the male end.

3) Hold in the condition in Steps 1) and 2), and pull out whole body (2) to disconnect it.

3) Hold in the condition in Steps 1) and 2), and pull out whole body (2) to disconnect it.





Disassembly

Type 2

Hold the mouthpiece of the tightening portion and push body (2) in straight until sliding prevention ring (1) contacts contact surface a of the hexagonal portion at the male end to connect it.

Connection

Hold the mouthpiece of the tightening portion and push body (2) in straight until sliding prevention ring (1) contacts contact surface a of the hexagonal portion at the male end to connect it.

00-9

FOREWORD

COATING MATERIALS

COATING MATERIALS ★ ★

The recommended coating materials such as adhesives, gasket sealants and greases used for disassembly and assembly are listed below. For coating materials not listed below, use the equivalent of products shown in this list. Category

Komatsu code

Part No.

Q'ty

Container

Main applications, featuresr

LT-1A

790-129-9030

150 g

Tube

• Used to prevent rubber gaskets, rubber cushions, and cock plug from coming out.

LT-1B

790-129-9050

20 g (2 pcs.)

Polyethylene container

• Used in places requiring an immediately effective, strong adhesive. Used for plastics (except polyethylene, polyprophylene, tetrafluoroethlene and vinyl chloride), rubber, metal and non-metal.

LT-2

09940-00030

50 g

Polyethylene container

• Features: Resistance to heat and chemicals • Used for anti-loosening and sealant purpose for bolts and plugs.

LT-3

790-129-9060 (Set of adhesive and hardening agent)

Adhesive: 1 kg Hardening agent: 500 g

Can

LT-4

790-129-9040

250 g

Polyethylene container

Holtz MH 705

790-126-9120

75 g

Tube

• Used as heat-resisting sealant for repairing engine.

50 g

Polyethylene container

• Quick hardening type adhesive • Cure time: within 5 sec. to 3 min. • Used mainly for adhesion of metals, rubbers, plastics and woods.

Adhesives

Three bond 1735

790-129-9140

• Used as adhesive or sealant for metal, glass and plastic.

Aron-alpha 201

790-129-9130

2g

Polyethylene container

• Quick hardening type adhesive • Quick cure type (max. strength after 30 minutes) • Used mainly for adhesion of rubbers, plastics and metals.

Loctite 648-50

79A-129-9110

50 cc

Polyethylene container

• Resistance to heat, chemicals • Used at joint portions subject to high temperatures.

LG-1

790-129-9010

200 g

Tube

• Used as adhesive or sealant for gaskets and packing of power train case, etc.

LG-5

790-129-9080

1 kg

Can

• Used as sealant for various threads, pipe joints, flanges. • Used as sealant for tapered plugs, elbows, nipples of hydraulic piping.

Tube

• Features: Silicon based, resistance to heat, cold • Used as sealant for flange surface, tread. • Used as sealant for oil pan, final drive case, etc.

LG-6

790-129-9020

200 g

Gasket sealant LG-7

790-129-9070

1g

Tube

• Features: Silicon based, quick hardening type • Used as sealant for flywheel housing, intake manifold, oil an, thermostat housing, etc.

Three bond 1211

790-129-9090

100 g

Tube

• Used as heat-resisting sealant for repairing engine.

Tube

• Features: Silicone type, heat resistant, vibration resistant, and impact resistant sealing material • Used as sealing material for transfer case

Three bond 1207B

00-10

• Used as sealant for machined holes.

419-15-18131

100 g

FOREWORD

Molybdenum disulphide lubricant

Grease

Primer

Adhesive

Caulking material

Komatsu code

Part No.

Q'ty

Container

Main applications, featuresr

LM-G

09940-00051

60 g

Can

• Used as lubricant for sliding portion (to prevent from squeaking).

Tube

• Used to prevent seizure or scuffling of the thread when press fitting or shrink fitting. • Used as lubricant for linkage, bearings, etc.

LM-P

09940-00040

G2-LI

SYG2-400LI SYG2-350LI SYG2-400LI-A SYG2-160LI SYGA-160CNLI

G2-CA

SYG2-400CA SYG2-350CA SYG2-400CA-A SYG2-160CA SYGA-160CNCA

200 g

• General purpose type Various

Various

Various

Various

• Used for normal temperature, light load bearing at places in contact with water or steam.

• Used for heavy load portion

Molybdenum disulphide grease LM-G (G2-M)

SYG2-400M SYG2-400M-A SYGA-16CNM

Hyper White Grease G2-T G0-T (*) *: For use in cold district

SYG2-400T-A SYG2-16CNT SYG0-400T-A (*) SYG0-16CNT (*)

400 g 16 kg

• Seizure resistance and heat resistance higher than molybdenum diBellows type sulfide grease Can • Since this grease is white, it does not stand out against machine body.

Biogrease G2B G2-BT (*) *: For high temperature and large load

SYG2-400B SYGA-16CNB SYG2-400BT (*) SYGA-16CNBT (*)

400 g 16 kg

Bellows type Can

SUNSTAR PAINT PRIMER 580 SUPER

20 ml

Glass container

SUNSTAR GLASS PRIMER 580 SUPER

20 ml

Glass container

400 g × 10 Bellows type 400 g × 20 Bellows type 16 kg Can

417-926-3910

SUNSTAR PENGUINE SEAL 580 SUPER "S" or "W"

320 ml

Polyethylene container

Sika Japan, Sikaflex 256HV

20Y-54-39850

310 ml

Polyethylene container

SUNSTAR PENGUINE SEAL No. 2505

417-926-3920

320 ml

Polyethylene container

SEKISUI SILICONE SEALANT

20Y-54-55130

333 ml

Polyethylene container

• Since this grease is decomposed by bacteria in short period, it has less effects on microorganisms, animals, and plants. • Used as primer for cab side (Using limit: 4 months) • Used as primer for glass side (Using limit: 4 months) Adhesive for cab glass

Category

COATING MATERIALS

• "S" is used for high-temperature season (April - October) and "W" for low-temperature season (November - April) as adhesive for glass. (Using limit: 4 months) • Used as adhesive for glass. (Using limit: 6 months) • Used to seal joints of glass parts. (Using limit: 4 months) • Used to seal front window. (Using limit: 6 months)

00-11

FOREWORD

STANDARD TIGHTENING TORQUE

STANDARD TIGHTENING TORQUE STANDARD TIGHTENING TORQUE TABLE (WHEN USING TORQUE WRENCH) ★ In the case of metric nuts and bolts for which there is no special instruction, tighten to the torque given in the table below. Tightening torque Thread diameter of bolt

Width across flats

mm

mm

Nm

kgm

6 8 10 12 14

10 13 17 19 22

11.8 – 14.7 27 – 34 59 – 74 98 – 123 153 – 190

1.2 – 1.5 2.8 – 3.5 6 – 7.5 10 – 12.5 15.5 – 19.5

16 18 20 22 24

24 27 30 32 36

235 – 285 320 – 400 455 – 565 610 – 765 785 – 980

23.5 – 29.5 33 – 41 46.5 – 58 62.5 – 78 80 – 100

27 30 33 36 39

41 46 50 55 60

1150 – 1440 1520 – 1910 1960 – 2450 2450 – 3040 2890 – 3630

118 – 147 155 – 195 200 – 250 250 – 310 295 – 370

Thread diameter of bolt

Width across flats

mm

mm

Nm

kgm

6 8 10 12

10 13 14 27

5.9 – 9.8 13.7 – 23.5 34.3 – 46.1 74.5 – 90.2

0.6 – 1.0 1.4 – 2.4 3.5 – 4.7 7.6 – 9.2

Tightening torque

Sealing surface

TABLE OF TIGHTENING TORQUES FOR FLARED NUTS ★ In the case of flared nuts for which there is no special instruction, tighten to the torque given in the table below.

SAD00483

Thread diameter

Width across flat

mm

mm

Nm

kgm

14 18 22 24 30 33 36 42

19 24 27 32 36 41 46 55

24.5 ± 4.9 49 ± 19.6 78.5 ± 19.6 137.3 ± 29.4 176.5 ± 29.4 196.1 ± 49 245.2 ± 49 294.2 ± 49

2.5 ± 0.5 5±2 8±2 14 ± 3 18 ± 3 20 ± 5 25 ± 5 30 ± 5

00-12

Tightening torque

FOREWORD

STANDARD TIGHTENING TORQUE

TABLE OF TIGHTENING TORQUES FOR SPLIT FLANGE BOLTS ★ In the case of split flange bolts for which there is no special instruction, tighten to the torque given in the table below.

Thread diameter

Width across flat

Tightening torque

mm

mm

Nm

kgm

10 12 16

14 17 22

59 – 74 98 – 123 235 – 285

6 – 7.5 10 – 12.5 23.5 – 29.5

TABLE OF TIGHTENING TORQUES FOR O-RING BOSS PIPING JOINTS ★ Unless there are special instructions, tighten the O-ring boss piping joints to the torque below.

Thread diameter

Width across flat

mm

mm

14 20 24 33 42

Varies depending on type of connector.

Tightening torque (Nm {kgm})

Norminal No.

02 03, 04 05, 06 10, 12 14

Range 35 – 63 84 – 132 128 – 186 363 – 480 746 – 1010

{3.5 – 6.5} {8.5 – 13.5} {13.0 – 19.0} {37.0 – 49.0} {76.0 – 103}

Target 44 {4.5} 103 {10.5} 157 {16.0} 422 {43.0} 883 {90.0}

TABLE OF TIGHTENING TORQUES FOR O-RING BOSS PLUGS ★ Unless there are special instructions, tighten the O-ring boss plugs to the torque below.

Thread diameter

Width across flat

mm

mm

08 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 33 36 42 52

14 17 19 22 24 27 30 32 32 — 36 — —

Tightening torque (Nm {kgm})

Norminal No.

08 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 33 36 42 52

Range 5.88 – 8.82 9.8 – 12.74 14.7 – 19.6 19.6 – 24.5 24.5 – 34.3 34.3 – 44.1 44.1 – 53.9 58.8 – 78.4 93.1 – 122.5 107.8 – 147.0 127.4 – 176.4 181.3 – 240.1 274.4 – 367.5

{0.6 – 0.9} {1.0 – 1.3} {1.5 – 2.0} {2.0 – 2.5} {2.5 – 3.5} {3.5 – 4.5} {4.5 – 5.5} {6.0 – 8.0} {9.5 – 12.5} {11.0 – 15.0} {13.0 – 18.0} {18.5 – 24.5} {28.0 – 37.5}

Target 7.35 {0.75} 11.27 {1.15} 17.64 {1.8} 22.54 {2.3} 29.4 {3.0} 39.2 {4.0} 49.0 {5.0} 68.6 {7.0} 107.8 {11.0} 124.4 {13.0} 151.9 {15.5} 210.7 {21.5} 323.4 {33.0}

00-13

FOREWORD

STANDARD TIGHTENING TORQUE

TIGHTENING TORQUE FOR 102 ENGINE SERIES 1) BOLT AND NUTS Use these torques for bolts and nuts (unit: mm) of Cummins Engine. Thread diameter

Tightening torque

mm

Nm

kgm

10 0 2 24 0 4 43 0 6 77 0 12

6 8 10 12

1.02 0 0.20 2.45 0 0.41 4.38 0 0.61 7.85 0 1.22

2) EYE JOINTS Use these torques for eye joints (unit: mm) of Cummins Engine. Thread diameter

Tightening torque

mm

Nm

kgm

802 10 0 2 12 0 2 24 0 4 36 0 5

6 8 10 12 14

0.81 0 0.20 1.02 0 0.20 1.22 0 0.20 2.45 0 0.41 3.67 0 0.51

3) TAPERED SCREWS Use these torques for tapered screws (unit: inch) of Cummins Engine. Thread diameter

Tightening torque

inch

Nm

kgm

301 802 12 0 2 15 0 2 24 0 4 36 0 5 60 0 9

1 / 16 1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 1

0.31 0 0.10 0.81 0 0.20 1.22 0 0.20 1.53 0 0.41 2.45 0 0.41 3.67 0 0.51 6.12 0 0.92

TIGHTENING TORQUE TABLE FOR HOSES (TAPER SEAL TYPE AND FACE SEAL TYPE) ★ Tighten the hoses (taper seal type and face seal type) to the following torque, unless otherwise specified. ★ Apply the following torque when the threads are coated (wet) with engine oil. Tightening torque (Nm {kgm}) Nominal size Width across of hose flats

Taper seal type

Face seal type

Nominal thread Thread size size Root diameter - Threads per (mm) inch, Thread series (mm) (Reference)

Range

Target

19

34 - 63 {3.5 - 6.5}

44 {4.5}

14

9 – - 18UNF 16

14.3

22

54 - 93 {5.5 - 9.5}

74 {4.5}



11 – - 16UN 16

17.5

24

59 - 98 {6.0 - 10.0}

78 {8.0}

18





04

27

84 - 132 {8.5 - 13.5}

103 {10.5}

22

13 – - 16UN 16

20.7

05

32

128 - 186 {13.0 - 19.0}

157 {16.0}

24

1 - 14UNS

25.4

06

36

177 - 245 {18.0 - 25.0}

216 {22.0}

30

3 1 – - 12UNF 16

30.3

(10)

41

177 - 245 {18.0 - 25.0}

216 {22.0}

33





(12)

46

197 - 294 {20.0 - 30.0}

245 {25.0}

36





(14)

55

246 - 343 {25.0 - 35.0}

294 {30.0}

42





02

03

00-14

FOREWORD

ELECTRIC WIRE CODE

ELECTRIC WIRE CODE In the wiring diagrams, various colors and symbols are employed to indicate the thickness of wires. This wire code table will help you understand WIRING DIAGRAMS. Example: 5WB indicates a cable having a nominal number 5 and white coating with black stripe.

CLASSIFICATION BY THICKNESS Copper wire Cable O.D. (mm)

Current rating (A)

Applicable circuit

0.88

2.4

12

Starting, lighting, signal etc.

0.32

2.09

3.1

20

Lighting, signal etc.

65

0.32

5.23

4.6

37

Charging and signal

15

84

0.45

13.36

7.0

59

Starting (Glow plug)

40

85

0.80

42.73

11.4

135

Starting

60

127

0.80

63.84

13.6

178

Starting

100

217

0.80

109.1

17.6

230

Starting

Norminal number

Number of strands

Dia. of strands (mm2)

Cross section (mm2)

0.85

11

0.32

2

26

5

CLASSIFICATION BY COLOR AND CODE Circuits Priority Classification

1

Primary

Charging

Ground

Starting

Lighting

Instrument

Signal

Other

Code

W

B

B

R

Y

G

L

Color

White

Black

Black

Red

Yellow

Green

Blue

Code

WR



BW

RW

YR

GW

LW

2 Color White & Red



Code



WB

White & Black Red & White Rellow & Red Green & White Blue & White BY

RB

YB

GR

LR

3

4

Auxiliary

Color White & Black



Code



WL

Black & Yellow Red & Black Yellow & Black Green & Red Blue & Yellow BR

Color White & Blue



Code





Color White & Green





Code







Color







WG

RY

Black & Red Red & Yellow RG

YG

GY

LY

Yellow & Green

Green & Yellow

Blue & Yellow

YL

GB

LB

5 Red & Green Yellow & Blue Green & Black Blue & Black RL

YW

GL

6 Red & Blue Yellow & White Green & Blue

n n

00-15

FOREWORD

CONVERSION TABLE

CONVERSION TABLE METHOD OF USING THE CONVERSION TABLE The Conversion Table in this section is provided to enable simple conversion of figures. For details of the method of using the Conversion Table, see the example given below.

EXAMPLE • Method of using the Conversion Table to convert from millimeters to inches 1. Convert 55 mm into inches. (1) Locate the number 50 in the vertical column at the left side, take this as A, then draw a horizontal line from A. (2) Locate the number 5 in the row across the top, take this as B, then draw a perpendicular line down from B. (3) Take the point where the two lines cross as C. This point C gives the value when converting from millimeters to inches. Therefore, 55 mm = 2.165 inches. 2. Convert 550 mm into inches. (1) The number 550 does not appear in the table, so divide by 10 (move the decimal point one place to the left) to convert it to 55 mm. (2) Carry out the same procedure as above to convert 55 mm to 2.165 inches. (3) The original value (550 mm) was divided by 10, so multiply 2.165 inches by 10 (move the decimal point one place to the right) to return to the original value. This gives 550 mm = 21.65 inches. B Millimeters to inches 1 mm = 0.03937 in

A

00-16

0

1

2

3

4

0 10 20 30 40

0 0.394 0.787 1.181 1.575

0.039 0.433 0.827 1.220 1.614

0.079 0.472 0.866 1.260 1.654

0.118 0.512 0.906 1.299 1.693

0.157 0.551 0.945 1.339 1.732

50 60 70 80 90

1.969 2.362 2.756 3.150 3.543

2.008 2.402 2.795 3.189 3.583

2.047 2.441 2.835 3.228 3.622

2.087 2.480 2.874 3.268 3.661

2.126 2.520 2.913 3.307 3.701

5 0.197 0.591 0.984 1.378 1.772 C 2.165 2.559 2.953 3.346 3.740

6

7

8

9

0.236 0.630 1.024 1.417 1.811

0.276 0.669 1.063 1.457 1.850

0.315 0.709 1.102 1.496 1.890

0.354 0.748 1.142 1.536 1.929

2.205 2.598 2.992 3.386 3.780

2.244 2.638 3.032 3.425 3.819

2.283 2.677 3.071 3.465 3.858

2.323 2.717 3.110 3.504 3.898

FOREWORD

CONVERSION TABLE

Millimeters to Inches 1 mm = 0.03937 in

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

0

0.039

0.079

0.118

0.157

0.197

0.236

0.276

0.315

0.354

10

0.394

0.433

0.472

0.512

0.551

0.591

0.630

0.669

0.709

0.748

20

0.787

0.827

0.866

0.906

0.945

0.984

1.024

1.063

1.102

1.142

30

1.181

1.220

1.260

1.299

1.339

1.378

1.417

1.457

1.496

1.536

40

1.575

1.614

1.654

1.693

1.732

1.772

1.811

1.850

1.890

1.929

50

1.969

2.008

2.047

2.087

2.126

2.165

2.205

2.244

2.283

2.323

60

2.362

2.402

2.441

2.480

2.520

2.559

2.598

2.638

2.677

2.717

70

2.756

2.795

2.835

2.874

2.913

2.953

2.992

3.032

3.071

3.110

80

3.150

3.189

3.228

3.268

3.307

3.346

3.386

3.425

3.465

3.504

90

3.543

3.583

3.622

3.661

3.701

3.740

3.780

3.819

3.858

3.898

0

Kilogram to Pound 1 kg = 2.2046 lb

0 0

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

2.20

4.41

6.61

8.82

11.02

13.23

15.43

17.64

19.84

10

22.05

24.25

26.46

28.66

30.86

33.07

35.27

37.48

39.68

41.89

20

44.09

46.30

48.50

50.71

51.91

55.12

57.32

59.53

61.73

63.93

30

66.14

68.34

70.55

72.75

74.96

77.16

79.37

81.57

83.78

85.98

40

88.18

90.39

92.59

94.80

97.00

99.21

101.41

103.62

105.82

108.03

50

110.23

112.44

114.64

116.85

119.05

121.25

123.46

125.66

127.87

130.07

60

132.28

134.48

136.69

138.89

141.10

143.30

145.51

147.71

149.91

152.12

70

154.32

156.53

158.73

160.94

163.14

165.35

167.55

169.76

171.96

174.17

80

176.37

178.57

180.78

182.98

185.19

187.39

189.60

191.80

194.01

196.21

90

198.42

200.62

202.83

205.03

207.24

209.44

211.64

213.85

216.05

218.26

00-17

FOREWORD

CONVERSION TABLE

Liter to U.S. Gallon 1l = 0.2642 U.S. Gal

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

0

0.264

0.528

0.793

1.057

1.321

1.585

1.849

2.113

2.378

10

2.642

2.906

3.170

3.434

3.698

3.963

4.227

4.491

4.755

5.019

20

5.283

5.548

5.812

6.076

6.340

6.604

6.869

7.133

7.397

7.661

30

7.925

8.189

8.454

8.718

8.982

9.246

9.510

9.774

10.039

10.303

40

10.567

10.831

11.095

11.359

11.624

11.888

12.152

12.416

12.680

12.944

50

13.209

13.473

13.737

14.001

14.265

14.529

14.795

15.058

15.322

15.586

60

15.850

16.115

16.379

16.643

16.907

17.171

17.435

17.700

17.964

18.228

70

18.492

18.756

19.020

19.285

19.549

19.813

20.077

20.341

20.605

20.870

80

21.134

21.398

21.662

21.926

22.190

22.455

22.719

22.983

23.247

23.511

90

23.775

24.040

24.304

24.568

24.832

25.096

25.361

25.625

25.889

26.153

0

Liter to U.K. Gallon 1l = 0.21997 U.K. Gal

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

0

0.220

0.440

0.660

0.880

1.100

1.320

1.540

1.760

1.980

10

2.200

2.420

2.640

2.860

3.080

3.300

3.520

3.740

3.950

4.179

20

4.399

4.619

4.839

5.059

5.279

5.499

5.719

5.939

6.159

6.379

30

6.599

6.819

7.039

7.259

7.479

7.969

7.919

8.139

8.359

8.579

40

8.799

9.019

9.239

9.459

9.679

9.899

10.119

10.339

10.559

10.778

50

10.998

11.281

11.438

11.658

11.878

12.098

12.318

12.528

12.758

12.978

60

13.198

13.418

13.638

13.858

14.078

14.298

14.518

14.738

14.958

15.178

70

15.398

15.618

15.838

16.058

16.278

16.498

16.718

16.938

17.158

17.378

80

17.598

17.818

18.037

18.257

18.477

18.697

18.917

19.137

19.357

19.577

90

19.797

20.017

20.237

20.457

20.677

20.897

21.117

21.337

21.557

21.777

0

00-18

FOREWORD

CONVERSION TABLE

kgm to ft. lb 1 kgm = 7.233 ft. lb

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

0

0

7.2

14.5

21.7

28.9

36.2

43.4

50.6

57.9

65.1

10

72.3

79.6

86.8

94.0

101.3

108.5

115.7

123.0

130.2

137.4

20

144.7

151.9

159.1

166.4

173.6

180.8

188.1

195.3

202.5

209.8

30

217.0

224.2

231.5

238.7

245.9

253.2

260.4

267.6

274.9

282.1

40

289.3

296.6

303.8

311.0

318.3

325.5

332.7

340.0

347.2

354.4

50

361.7

368.9

376.1

383.4

390.6

397.8

405.1

412.3

419.5

426.8

60

434.0

441.2

448.5

455.7

462.9

470.2

477.4

484.6

491.8

499.1

70

506.3

513.5

520.8

528.0

535.2

542.5

549.7

556.9

564.2

571.4

80

578.6

585.9

593.1

600.3

607.6

614.8

622.0

629.3

636.5

643.7

90

651.0

658.2

665.4

672.7

679.9

687.1

694.4

701.6

708.8

716.1

100

723.3

730.5

737.8

745.0

752.2

759.5

766.7

773.9

781.2

788.4

110

795.6

802.9

810.1

817.3

824.6

831.8

839.0

846.3

853.5

860.7

120

868.0

875.2

882.4

889.7

896.9

904.1

911.4

918.6

925.8

933.1

130

940.3

947.5

954.8

962.0

969.2

976.5

983.7

990.9

998.2

1005.4

140

1012.6

1019.9

1027.1

1034.3

1041.5

1048.8

1056.0

1063.2

1070.5

1077.7

150

1084.9

1092.2

1099.4

1106.6

1113.9

1121.1

1128.3

1135.6

1142.8

1150.0

160

1157.3

1164.5

1171.7

1179.0

1186.2

1193.4

1200.7

1207.9

1215.1

1222.4

170

1129.6

1236.8

1244.1

1251.3

1258.5

1265.8

1273.0

1280.1

1287.5

1294.7

180

1301.9

1309.2

1316.4

1323.6

1330.9

1338.1

1345.3

1352.6

1359.8

1367.0

190

1374.3

1381.5

1388.7

1396.0

1403.2

1410.4

1417.7

1424.9

1432.1

1439.4

00-19

FOREWORD

CONVERSION TABLE

kg/cm2 to lb/in2 1kg/cm2 = 14.2233 lb/in2

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

0

0

14.2

28.4

42.7

56.9

71.1

85.3

99.6

113.8

128.0

10

142.2

156.5

170.7

184.9

199.1

213.4

227.6

241.8

256.0

270.2

20

284.5

298.7

312.9

327.1

341.4

355.6

369.8

384.0

398.3

412.5

30

426.7

440.9

455.1

469.4

483.6

497.8

512.0

526.3

540.5

554.7

40

568.9

583.2

597.4

611.6

625.8

640.1

654.3

668.5

682.7

696.9

50

711.2

725.4

739.6

753.8

768.1

782.3

796.5

810.7

825.0

839.2

60

853.4

867.6

881.8

896.1

910.3

924.5

938.7

953.0

967.2

981.4

70

995.6

1010

1024

1038

1053

1067

1081

1095

1109

1124

80

1138

1152

1166

1181

1195

1209

1223

1237

1252

1266

90

1280

1294

1309

1323

1337

1351

1365

1380

1394

1408

100

1422

1437

1451

1465

1479

1493

1508

1522

1536

1550

110

1565

1579

1593

1607

1621

1636

1650

1664

1678

1693

120

1707

1721

1735

1749

1764

1778

1792

1806

1821

1835

130

1849

1863

1877

1892

1906

1920

1934

1949

1963

1977

140

1991

2005

2020

2034

2048

2062

2077

2091

2105

2119

150

2134

2148

2162

2176

2190

2205

2219

2233

2247

2262

160

2276

2290

2304

2318

2333

2347

2361

2375

2389

2404

170

2418

2432

2446

2460

2475

2489

2503

2518

2532

2546

180

2560

2574

2589

2603

2617

2631

2646

2660

2674

2688

190

2702

2717

2731

2745

2759

2773

2788

2802

2816

2830

200

2845

2859

2873

2887

2901

2916

2930

2944

2958

2973

210

2987

3001

3015

3030

3044

3058

3072

3086

3101

3115

220

3129

3143

3158

3172

3186

3200

3214

3229

3243

3257

230

3271

3286

3300

3314

3328

3343

3357

3371

3385

3399

240

3414

3428

3442

3456

3470

3485

3499

3513

3527

3542

00-20

FOREWORD

CONVERSION TABLE

Temperature Fahrenheit-Centigrade Conversion ; a simple way to convert a Fahrenheit temperature reading into a Centigrade temperature reading or vice versa is to enter the accompanying table in the center or boldface column of figures. These figures refer to the temperature in either Fahrenheit or Centigrade degrees. If it is desired to convert from Fahrenheit to Centigrade degrees, consider the center column as a table of Fahrenheit temperatures and read the corresponding Centigrade temperature in the column at the left. If it is desired to convert from Centigrade to Fahrenheit degrees, consider the center column as a table of Centigrade values, and read the corresponding Fahrenheit temperature on the right. 1°C = 33.8°F

°C

°F

°C

°F

°C

°F

°C

°F

–40.4 –37.2 –34.4 –31.7 –28.9

–40 –35 –30 –25 –20

–40.0 –31.0 –22.0 –13.0 –4.0

–11.7 –11.1 –10.6 –10.0 –9.4

11 12 13 14 15

51.8 53.6 55.4 57.2 59.0

7.8 8.3 8.9 9.4 10.0

46 47 48 49 50

114.8 116.6 118.4 120.2 122.0

27.2 27.8 28.3 28.9 29.4

81 82 83 84 85

117.8 179.6 181.4 183.2 185.0

–28.3 –27.8 –27.2 –26.7 –26.1

–19 –18 –17 –16 –15

–2.2 –0.4 1.4 3.2 5.0

–8.9 –8.3 –7.8 –7.2 –6.7

16 17 18 19 20

60.8 62.6 64.4 66.2 68.0

10.6 11.1 11.7 12.2 12.8

51 52 53 54 55

123.8 125.6 127.4 129.2 131.0

30.0 30.6 31.1 31.7 32.2

86 87 88 89 90

186.8 188.6 190.4 192.2 194.0

–25.6 –25.0 –24.4 –23.9 –23.3

–14 –13 –12 –11 –10

6.8 8.6 10.4 12.2 14.0

–6.1 –5.6 –5.0 –4.4 –3.9

21 22 23 24 25

69.8 71.6 73.4 75.2 77.0

13.3 13.9 14.4 15.0 15.6

56 57 58 59 0

132.8 134.6 136.4 138.2 140.0

32.8 33.3 33.9 34.4 35.0

91 92 93 94 95

195.8 197.6 199.4 201.2 203.0

–22.8 –22.2 –21.7 –21.1 –20.6

–9 –8 –7 –6 –5

15.8 17.6 19.4 21.2 23.0

–3.3 –2.8 –2.2 –1.7 –1.1

26 27 28 29 30

78.8 80.6 82.4 84.2 86.0

16.1 16.7 17.2 17.8 18.3

61 62 63 64 65

141.8 143.6 145.4 147.2 149.0

35.6 36.1 36.7 37.2 37.8

96 97 98 99 100

204.8 206.6 208.4 210.2 212.0

–20.0 –19.4 –18.9 –18.3 –17.8

–4 –3 –2 –1 0

24.8 26.6 28.4 30.2 32.0

–0.6 0 0.6 1.1 1.7

31 32 33 34 35

87.8 89.6 91.4 93.2 95.0

18.9 19.4 20.0 20.6 21.1

66 67 68 69 70

150.8 152.6 154.4 156.2 158.0

40.6 43.3 46.1 48.9 51.7

105 110 115 120 125

221.0 230.0 239.0 248.0 257.0

–17.2 –16.7 –16.1 –15.6 –15.0

1 2 3 4 5

33.8 35.6 37.4 39.2 41.0

2.2 2.8 3.3 3.9 4.4

36 37 38 39 40

96.8 98.6 100.4 102.2 104.0

21.7 22.2 22.8 23.3 23.9

71 72 73 74 75

159.8 161.6 163.4 165.2 167.0

54.4 57.2 60.0 62.7 65.6

130 135 140 145 150

266.0 275.0 284.0 293.0 302.0

–14.4 –13.9 –13.3 –12.8 –12.2

6 7 8 9 10

42.8 44.6 46.4 48.2 50.0

5.0 5.6 6.1 6.7 7.2

41 42 43 44 45

105.8 107.6 109.4 111.2 113.0

24.4 25.0 25.6 26.1 26.7

76 77 78 79 80

168.8 170.6 172.4 174.2 176.0

68.3 71.1 73.9 76.7 79.4

155 160 165 170 175

311.0 320.0 329.0 338.0 347.0

00-21

FOREWORD

UNITS

UNITS In this manual, the measuring units are indicated with Internatinal System of units (SI). As for reference, conventionally used Gravitational System of units are indicated in parentheses { Example: N {kg} Nm {kgm} MPa {kg/cm2} kPa {mmH2O} kPa {mmHg} kW/rpm {HP/rpm} g/kWh {g/HPh}

00-22

}.

01 GENERAL GENERAL .................................................................................................................................................... 01- 2 SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................................................................ 01- 4 WEIGHT TABLE ........................................................................................................................................... 01- 21 OVERALL DRAWING................................................................................................................................... 01- 22 ENGINE PERFORMANCE CURVE ............................................................................................................. 01- 26

95-3 SERIES

01-1

GENERAL

GENERAL

GENERAL 1. Applicable machine Engine

Serial No.

Applicable machine PC78US-6

Hydraulic excavator

PC78UU-6

Hydraulic excavator

PC78MR-6

Hydraulic excavator

PC138US-2

Hydraulic excavator

PC138USLC-2

Hydraulic excavator

PC130-7

Hydraulic excavator

S4D95LE-3

SAA4D95LE-3

a Serial No. shows for engine serial No.

01-2 (1)

95-3 SERIES

GENERAL

GENERAL

2. Outline of engine •



The S4D95LE-3 engine clears strict exhaust gas regulations (USA: EPA regulations for the year 2001, EU: regulations for the year 2002, Japan: construction equipment regulations for the year 2003). At the same time, it is a high performance, high efficiency engine which achieves low fuel consumption, low noise, improved exhaust gas color, and improved acceleration. This engine has been newly developed to meet various purposes of use as the power unit for construction equipment and industrial machinery. The S4D95LE-3 engine is an in-line, vertical, water-cooled, direct-injection, 4-cycle diesel engine, which has the following features. (1) Small-sized and light-weight engine • Since no liners are used, the distance between the cylinders is shortened by the thickness of the liners, thus the overall length of the engine is shortened. • Although the stroke bore ratio is as large as 115 mm : 95 mm, the overall height of the engine is reduced by reducing the distance between the centers of the large end and small end of the connecting rod. • The cylinder head and cylinder block are thinned to reduce their weight, maintaining their strength. • The weight of each part is reduced to avoid waste by applying reliability analysis technology. (2) High-performance engine • Combustion efficiency is improved and exhaust gas is made clean by designing the air intake port having less air suction resistance and employing the re-entrant combustion chamber. • Friction loss horsepower is reduced by reducing the weight of the main moving parts and setting the capacity of the auxiliary devices (water pump and oil pump) properly. • The weight, noise, and vibration are reduced by adjusting the clearance between each piston and cylinder properly. (3) Other items • Glow plugs which consume less electric power are employed for the starting aid to reduce the load on the battery. • Noise is reduced by improving the shape of the piston and applying float mounting of the head cover. • Reliability and durability are heightened by the developing technology based on experience and results of long development of construction machinery and engines for industrial use.

95-3 SERIES

01-3

GENERAL

GENERAL

3. Outline of SAA4D95LE-3 engine •

The SAA4D95LE-3 engine has the features of the S4D95LE-3 engine which has a good record and its output is increased by properly modifying or reinforcing the air-cooled aftercooler and other component parts. Its reliability is maintained by making the following improvements to the S4D95LE-3 engine. (1) Addition of air-cooled aftercooler • The intake air temperature is lowered to keep the exhaust gas clean while keeping fuel consumption low. (2) Reinforcement of cylinder head • The valve seat is added to resist the thermal load increased by heightening of the output. (3) Improvement of cylinder block • The piston cooling nozzle, which uses the engine oil, is added to maintain reliability of the piston. (4) Reinforcement of crankshaft, piston, connecting rod, exhaust valve, and interlocking valve • The strength of these parts is increased to resist the combustion pressure heightened by heightening of the output. (5) Improvement of oil pump • The size of the oil pump is increased to resist the increased load on each part of the engine. (6) Addition of oil cooler • The engine oil cooler is added to resist the increased output of the engine. (7) Improvement of injection pump • The boost compensator is added to reduce the black smoke produced when the engine is accelerated. (8) Improvement of injection nozzle • The specification of the nozzle is set properly to increase the output, keep the exhaust gas clean, and maintain the low fuel consumption. (9) Improvement of turbocharger • The turbocharger having higher pressure ratio is employed to feed the engine with more air.

01-3-1 (1)

95-3 SERIES

GENERAL

SPECIFICATIONS

SPECIFICATIONS Engine model

S4D95LE-3

Applicable machine

PC78US-6, PC78UU-6, PC78MR-6

Number of cylinder — Bore × Stroke Total piston displacement

mm

4 – 95 × 115

l {cc}

3.260 {3,260}

Performance

Dimensions

Firing order

1–2–4–3

Overall length

mm

948

Overall width

mm

640

Overall height (excluding exhaust pipe)

mm



Overall height (including exhaust pipe)

mm

1,082

Flywheel horsepower

kW/rpm {HP/rpm}

40/1,850 (Net) {54/1,850} (Net)

Maximum torque

Nm/rpm {kgm/rpm}

235/1,500 (Net) {24/1,500} (Net)

High idling speed

rpm

2,050 ± 50

Low idling speed

rpm

1,150 +50 +0

g/kW•h {g/HP•h}

221 {167}

kg

300

Minimum fuel consumption ratio Dry weight Fuel injection pump

Bosch PES-A type Bosch RSV centrifugal all-speed control type

Governor Lubricating oil amount (refill capacity)

l

7.5 (7.0)

Coolant amount

l

(Engine side: 4.5)

Alternator Starting motor Battery Turbocharger

24V, 25A 24V, 3.0kW 12V 60Ah × 2 TD04L

Air compressor



Others



01-4

95-3 SERIES

GENERAL

95-3 SERIES

SPECIFICATIONS

01-5

GENERAL

SPECIFICATIONS

Engine model

SAA4D95LE-3

Applicable machine

PC138US-2, PC138USLC-2, PC130-7

Number of cylinder — Bore × Stroke Total piston displacement

mm

4 – 95 × 115

l {cc}

3.260 {3,260}

Performance

Dimensions

Firing order

1–2–4–3

Overall length

mm

994

Overall width

mm

720

Overall height (excluding exhaust pipe)

mm



Overall height (including exhaust pipe)

mm

1,219

Flywheel horsepower

kW/rpm {HP/rpm}

66/2,200 (Net) {89/2,200} (Net)

Maximum torque

Nm/rpm {kgm/rpm}

353/1,500 (Net) {36/1,500} (Net)

High idling speed

rpm

2,400 ± 60

Low idling speed

rpm

1,100 ± 60

g/kW•h {g/HP•h}

221 {165}

kg

335

Minimum fuel consumption ratio Dry weight Fuel injection pump

Bosch PES-A type Bosch RSV centrifugal all-speed control type

Governor Lubricating oil amount (refill capacity)

l

11 {12}

Coolant amount

l

(Engine side: 4.5)

Alternator Starting motor Battery Turbocharger

24V, 25A 24V, 3.0kW 12V 60Ah × 2 TD04L

Air compressor



Others



01-6 (1)

95-3 SERIES

GENERAL

95-3 SERIES

SPECIFICATIONS

01-7 (1)

GENERAL

WEIGHT TABLE

WEIGHT TABLE a The specifications may be different depending on the type of machine. Unit: kg

No.

Item

Components

S4D95LE-3

SAA4D95LE-3

5

5

1

Turbocharger

2

Cylinder head assembly

Cylinder head, valve, valve spring

28

28

3

Cylinder block assembly

Cylinder block, main metal block, cylinder liner

70

70

4

Gear case (Front cover)

2.6

2.6

5

Oil pan

2

4.5

6

Flywheel assembly

22

25

7

Flywheel housing

11

25

8

Crankshaft assembly

Crankshaft, crankshaft gear

25

25

9

Camshaft assembly

Camshaft, camshaft gear, thrust plate

5.5

5.5

10

Piston and connecting rod assembly

Piston, piston ring, piston pin, connecting rod

2

2

11

Oil pump

0.5

0.5

12

Fuel injection pump

10.5

10.5

13

Water pump

6

6

14

Alternator

15

Starting motor

16

Air compressor





17

Aftercooler assembly





95-3 SERIES

Flywheel, ring gear

The weight is different depending on the type of machine.

01-21 (1)

GENERAL

OVERALL DRAWING

OVERALL DRAWING S4D95LE-3 LEFT SIDE DRAWING

a The diagram shows the equipment for the PC78US-6. a The shape may differ according to the machine model.

a. Crankshaft center b. Flywheel housing rear surface

01-22

95-3 SERIES

GENERAL

S4D95LE-3 FRONT DRAWING

OVERALL DRAWING

a The diagram shows the equipment for the PC78US-6. a The shape may differ according to the machine model.

a. Crankshaft center b. Cylinder center

95-3 SERIES

01-23

GENERAL

SAA4D95LE-3 LEFT SIDE DRAWING

OVERALL DRAWING

a The diagram shows the equipment for the PC138USLC-2. a The shape may differ according to the machine model.

a. Crankshaft center b. Flywheel housing rear surface

01-23-1 (1)

95-3 SERIES

GENERAL

SAA4D95LE-3 FRONT DRAWING

OVERALL DRAWING

a The diagram shows the equipment for the PC138USLC-2. a The shape may differ according to the machine model.

a. Crankshaft center b. Cylinder center

95-3 SERIES

01-23-2 (1)

GENERAL

OVERALL DRAWING

a These dimensions are reference values for use when installing to a test bench.

DIMENSION TABLE OVERALL DRAWING

Dimensions for each part (mm) Engine

Machine model A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

J

S4D95LE-3

PC78US-6 PC78UU-6 PC78MR-6

781

167

948

232

850

1,082

279

361

640

SAA4D95LE-3

PC138US-2 PC138USLC-2 PC130-7

825

169

994

312

907

1,219

382

338

720

01-24 (1)

95-3 SERIES

GENERAL

ENGINE PERFORMANCE CURVE

ENGINE PERFORMANCE CURVE Engine S4D95LE-3

SAA4D95LE-3

01-26 (1)

Engine Serial. No.

Machine model

Page

PC78US-6, PC78UU-6, PC78MR-6

01-27

PC138US-2, PC138USLC-2, PC130-7

01-28

95-3 SERIES

GENERAL

ENGINE PERFORMANCE CURVE

S4D95LE-3 [For PC78US-6, PC78UU-6, PC78MR-6] Rated output: 40 kW {54 HP}/1,850 rpm (Net) Max. torque: 235 Nm {24 kgm}/1,500 rpm (Net)

95-3 SERIES

01-27

GENERAL

ENGINE PERFORMANCE CURVE

SAA4D95LE-3 [For PC138US-2, PC138USLC-2, PC130-7] Rated output: 66 kW {89 HP}/2,200 rpm (Net) Max. torque: 353 Nm {36 kgm}/1,500 rpm (Net)

01-28 (1)

95-3 SERIES

11 STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD GENERAL STRUCTURE General structure ...................................... 11- 2 INTAKE AND EXHAUST SYSTEM Intake and exhaust system ....................... 11- 4 Air cleaner................................................. 11- 6 Turbocharger ............................................ 11- 8 ENGINE BODY Cylinder head............................................ 11- 12 Cylinder block ........................................... 11- 16 Cylinder..................................................... 11- 19 Main circulation system............................. 11- 20 Crankshaft................................................. 11- 22 Piston, piston ring and piston pin .............. 11- 23 Connecting rod.......................................... 11- 24 Flywheel and flywheel housing ................. 11- 26 Timing gear ............................................... 11- 30 Valve system............................................. 11- 34 Camshaft................................................... 11- 36 Rocker arm shaft, push rod and tappet..... 11- 37 Valve, valve guide ..................................... 11- 38

FUEL SYSTEM Fuel system chart ..................................... 11- 47 Fuel injection pump .................................. 11- 48 Fuel injection nozzle ................................. 11- 50 Fuel filter................................................... 11- 51 Fuel cut solenoid ...................................... 11- 52 COOLING SYSTEM Cooling system chart ................................ 11- 53 Water pump .............................................. 11- 54 Fan drive and thermostat.......................... 11- 56 ELECTRICAL SYSTEM Starting and charging system electrical circuit diagram.................................... 11- 60 Alternator .................................................. 11- 61 Starting motor ........................................... 11- 62 Engine starting device .............................. 11- 63

LUBRICATION SYSTEM Lubrication system chart ........................... 11- 39 Oil pump.................................................... 11- 40 Regulator valve ......................................... 11- 42 Oil filter mount........................................... 11- 44 Oil filter...................................................... 11- 45

95-3 SERIES

11-1

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

GENERAL STRUCTURE

GENERAL STRUCTURE a There may be differences according to the machine model.

S4D95LE-3

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Crankshaft pulley Front oil seal Crankshaft Crankshaft gear Connecting rod Camshaft bushing Camshaft gear Front cover Connecting rod bushing Piston pin

11-2

11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

Oil ring Second ring Top ring Fan pulley Piston Water pump Intake valve Exhaust valve Thermostat Fan

21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.

Valve guide Valve spring Cylinder head cover Rocker arm bracket Rocker arm spring Cylinder head Cylinder block Push rod Flywheel housing Flywheel

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

Ring gear Tappet Main bearing Rear oil seal Thrust bearing Oil pan Camshaft Connecting rod cap Oil filter Dipstick

95-3 SERIES

41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50.

Exhaust manifold Turbocharger Oil filler cap Rocker arm Intake air connector Fuel injection nozzle Intake manifold Fuel injection pump Starting motor Oil strainer

GENERAL STRUCTURE

SPECIFICATIONS Type: In-line, 4-cylinder, watercooled, direct fuel injection, 4-cycle diesel engine

11-3

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

INTAKE AND EXHAUST SYSTEM

INTAKE AND EXHAUST SYSTEM S4D95LE-3 (PC78US-6, PC78UU-6, PC78MR-6)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Intake manifold Air connector Muffler Exhaust connector Turbocharger Exhaust manifold

11-4

a There may be differences according to the machine model.

A. Air intake B. Exhaust outlet

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

95-3 SERIES

INTAKE AND EXHAUST SYSTEM

11-5

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

SAA4D95LE-3 (PC138US-2, PC138USLC-2, PC130-7)

INTAKE AND EXHAUST SYSTEM

a There may be differences according to the machine model.

INTAKE AND EXHAUST SYSTEM

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Intake manifold Air connector Muffler Exhaust connector Turbocharger Exhaust manifold

11-5-1 (1)

A. Air intake B. Exhaust outlet

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

95-3 SERIES

INTAKE AND EXHAUST SYSTEM

11-5-2 (1)

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

AIR CLEANER

AIR CLEANER a Details may differ according to the machine model.

FPG TYPE

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Inlet Outlet Guide vane Primary element Safety element

6. 7. 8. 9.

Vacuator valve Dust pan Body Element

FEATURES (FPG TYPE) • The element diameter is the same and the outside diameter of the body is small. The inlet is placed in the direction of connection, so no guide vane is used; a simple spiral guide vane can give ample centrifugal force. • The dust pan has no guide vane and its structure is simple.

11-6

A. Intake inlet B. Exhaust outlet

STRUCTURE • Air containing dust is sucked into the tangential from inlet (1). The dust is separated by the centrifugal separation effect of guide vane (3). More than 99.9% of the dust is then removed by primary element (4), and the clean air then passes through safety element (5) and outlet (2), and is sent to the engine. • The dust and water separated by guide vane (3) circulates around the inside wall of body (8), flies into vacuator valve (6), and is automatically discharged.

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

TURBOCHARGER

TURBOCHARGER a Details may differ according to the machine model.

TD04L

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

Blower housing Screw rivet Insert Snap ring O-ring Snap ring O-ring Thrust bearing Coupling assembly Center housing Back plate Piston ring Turbine housing Turbine impeller Bearing Bearing

11-8 (1)

17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. A. B. C. D. E. F.

Oil deflector Thrust ring Thrust sleeve Piston ring Blower impeller Lock nut Bolt, washer assembly Actuator, waste gate valve

SPECIFICATIONS Type: TD04L Exhaust temperature: Max.700ºC (inlet) Direction of rotation: Clockwise (as seen from blower)

Air intake inlet Compressed air outlet Exhaust inlet Exhaust outlet Oil inlet Oil outlet

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

TURBOCHARGER

Unit: mm

No.

item

1

Radial play of rotor

2

End play of rotor

3

Tightening torque of clamp nut

95-3 SERIES

Criteria

Remedy

Standard

Repair limit

0.394 – 0.602

0.720

0.010 – 0.076

0.103

Target (Nm {kgm})

Range (Nm {kgm})

6.9 – 8.8 {0.7 – 0.9}

6.9 {0.7}

Repair or replace

Retighten

11-9

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

TURBOCHARGER

Outline of waste gate valve • This maintains a suitable supercharging pressure (set supercharging pressure) in order to prevent any excessive load on the engine by suppressing any supercharging above the necessary level from the compressor. In order to do this, waste gate valve (1) is installed in the exhaust circuit before the turbine. When supercharged pressure A near the compressor outlet port becomes high, if it exceeds the set pressure of the actuator (swing valve control (2)), waste gate valve (swing valve) (1) opens. •

Point c where engine speed a and supercharging pressure b intersect is the point where the waste gate valves start to open.



Pressure A near the outlet port of the compressor passes through B and actuates actuator (2). Waste gate valve (1) opens, and part of the exhaust gas bypasses the turbine, so the output of the turbine drops and the set supercharging pressure is maintained.

11-10

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

CYLINDER HEAD

CYLINDER HEAD S4D95LE-3 SAA4D95LE-3

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Cylinder head Head cover Oil filler cap Valve guide Head bolt

11-12 (1)

a There may be differences according to the machine model. a The numbers in ( ) are used when indicating other parts of the same type or when explaining the same part when seen from a different angle.

6. 7. 8. 9.

Bracket Nozzle holder Seat gasket Glow plug

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

SPECIFICATIONS Cylinder head • Direct fuel injection type • Unitized type • 2 valves (1 cylinder) • Injection nozzle: Assembled outside head cover Mount: Dry type (without sleeve) • Glow plug installed

95-3 SERIES

CYLINDER HEAD

Head cover • Float mount type

11-13

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

CYLINDER HEAD

*1: Nos. in Fig. indicate tightening order of cylinder head bolt. Unit: mm

No.

Check item

1

Distortion of cylinder head mounting surface

2

Protrusion of nozzle

3

Tightening torque of cylinder head mounting bolt (Coat bolt threads and washers with molybdenum disulphide (LMP))

Criteria Standard

Repair limit

0 – 0.05

0 – 0.30

3.12 ± 0.28

2.7 – 3.5 Target Nm {kgm}

Range Nm {kgm}

1st step

68.6 {7}

58.8 – 78.4 {6 – 8}

2nd step

107.8 {11}

102.9 – 112.7 {10.5 – 11.5}

4

5

Tightening torque of glow plug

6

Tightening torque of terminal nut

7

Tightening torque of head cover mounting bolt

11-14

Retighten 90º

Repair by grinding or replace Replace nozzle gasket

Order

3rd step Tightening torque of nozzle holder mounting bolt

Remedy

Retighten, following order of above figure

+30º

90 +0

Tightening bolt for plastic region rotation angle

Target Nm {kgm}

Range Nm {kgm}

44 {4.5}

39 – 49 {4 – 5}

17 {1.75}

15 – 20 {1.5 – 2.0}

2.2 {0.225}

2.0 – 2.5 {0.2 – 0.25}

8.8 {0.9}

7.8 – 9.8 {0.8 – 1.0}

Retighten

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

CYLINDER BLOCK

CYLINDER BLOCK S4D95LE-3 SAA4D95LE-3

1. 2. 3. 4.

Main bearing cap Main bearing cap bolt Camshaft bushing (No. 1 journal) Cylinder block

11-16 (1)

a There may be differences according to the machine model. a The numbers in ( ) are used when indicating other parts of the same type or when explaining the same part when seen from a different angle.

5. 6. 7. 8.

Camshaft bushing (No. 2 journal) Camshaft bushing (No. 3 journal) Oil pump drive shaft bushing Oil pump driven shaft

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

CYLINDER BLOCK

SPECIFICATIONS Cylinder block • Crankshaft: 5 bearings • Camshaft: 3 bearings Cylinder • Linerless • Inside surface finishing: Honing 95-3 SERIES

11-17

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

CYLINDER BLOCK

(CAM JOURNAL NO.2 AND NO.3 : WITHOUT BUSHING)

Unit: mm

No. 1

Check item

Criteria

Distortion of cylinder head mounting surface Inside diameter of main bearing hole

2

Standard

Repair limit

0 – 0.08

0.15

Standard

Tolerance

74

+0.019 +0.000

Roundness of main bearing hole

Repair limit: 0.005

Straightness of main bearing holes

Repair limit: 0.010 Standard size

3

4

5

Inside diameter of main bearing

STD

70.00

0.25 U.S.

69.75

Inside diameter of cam bushing

Tightening torque of main bearing cap mounting bolts (Coat bolt threads and washers with engine oil)

11-18

Tolerance

Replace by grinding

Repair or replace cylinder block

Repair limit 70.20 69.95

+0.103 +0.058

0.50 U.S.

69.50

0.75 U.S.

69.25

69.45

1.00 U.S.

69.00

69.20

Inside diameter of cam bushing hole

Inside diameter of cylinder block

6

Remedy

69.70

Standard

Tolerance

53.5

+0.030 +0.000

Replace main bearing

Repair or replace cylinder block

Journal

Standard

Tolerance

Repair limit

No. 1

50.5

+0.030 –0.040

50.60

No. 2 No. 3

50.5

–0.031 –0.050

50.60

Order

Target Nm {kgm}

Range Nm {kgm}

1st step

113 {11.5}

108 – 118 {11 – 12}

2nd step

0 {0}

Loosen completely

3rd step

132 {13.5}

127 – 137 {13 – 14}

Replace Press fit bushing

Retighten

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

CYLINDER

CYLINDER

Unit: mm

No.

Check item

Criteria Standard size

Inside diameter

1

STD

95

0.25 OS

95.25

0.50 OS

95.50

Remedy

Tolerance

95.15 +0.022 +0.000

Roundness of inside diameter

Repair limit: 0.020

Cylindricity of inside diameter

Repair limit: 0.020

Procedure for overhaul size

95-3 SERIES

Repair limit

95.40 95.65

Measure inside diameter at position 40, 100, and 160 from top surface of cylinder block. Use largest value to determine overhaul size. (1) If cylinder bore is less than 95.15: Select 0.25 oversize piston and machine cylinder bore in cylinder block to 95.25 +0.022 . +0 (2) If cylinder bore is between 95.16 and 95.40: Select 0.50 oversize piston and machine cylinder bore in cylinder block to 95.50. +0.022 +0 (3) If cylinder bore is more than 95.40: Carry out stepped machining of cylinder block and insert cylinder liner. For details of the method for machining the cylinder block and selecting the cylinder liner, see REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS.

Correct with oversize, or install cylinder liner, or replace cylinder block

(When carrying out overhaul) Rank cylinder bore at top face of cylinder block and correct mark (S or L)

11-19

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

MAIN CIRCULATION SYSTEM

MAIN CIRCULATION SYSTEM S4D95LE-3

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

Crankshaft Crankshaft gear (No. of teeth: 24) Main bearing Connecting rod bearing Connecting rod Cylinder block Piston Connecting rod bushing Piston pin Top ring Second ring

11-20

12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

Oil ring Thrust bearing Connecting rod cap Connecting rod cap bolt Main cap Main cap bolt Cam bushing

a. Offset b. Re-entrant

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

SPECIFICATIONS Crankshaft • Closed die forging Piston • Direct fuel injection type re-entrant combustion chamber • Center of piston hole offset 1.0 mm (to reduce vibration)

MAIN CIRCULATION SYSTEM

Piston ring Engine

Top ring

S4D95LE-3 Flat barrel face

95-3 SERIES

Second ring

Flat tapered face, flat inner cut, Parkerizing treatment

Oil ring

Steel ring with coil expander

11-21

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

SAA4D95LE-3

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

Crankshaft Crankshaft gear (No. of teeth: 24) Main bearing Connecting rod bearing Connecting rod Cylinder block Piston Connecting rod bushing Piston pin Top ring Second ring

11-21-1 (1)

MAIN CIRCULATION SYSTEM

MAIN CIRCULATION SYSTEM

12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

Oil ring Thrust bearing Connecting rod cap Connecting rod cap bolt Main cap Main cap bolt Cam bushing

a. Offset b. Re-entrant

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

SPECIFICATIONS Crankshaft • Closed die forging Piston • Direct fuel injection type re-entrant combustion chamber • Center of piston hole offset 1.0 mm (to reduce vibration)

MAIN CIRCULATION SYSTEM

Piston ring Engine

Top ring

S4D95LE-3 Both faces keystone

95-3 SERIES

Second ring

Flat tapered face, flat inner cut, Parkerizing treatment

Oil ring

Steel ring with coil expander

11-21-2 (1)

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

CRANKSHAFT

CRANKSHAFT

Unit: mm

No.

1

Check item

End play

Criteria Standard

Repair limit

0.131 – 0.351

0.40

Standard size

Outside diameter of main journal 2

STD

70.00

0.25 U.S.

69.75

3

4

Bend of crankshaft

11-22

69.86 69.61 +0.015 +0.000

0.75 U.S.

69.25

69.11

1.00 U.S.

69.00

68.86

69.36

Repair by using under size bearing or replace

Repair limit: 0.020 Standard clearance

Clearance limit

0.043 – 0.103

0.25

STD

57.00

0.25 U.S.

56.75

Tolerance

Replace main bearing

Repair limit 56.91 56.66

+0.015 +0.000

0.50 U.S.

56.50

0.75 U.S.

56.25

56.16

1.00 U.S.

56.00

55.91

Roundness of crankpin journal Clearance of crankpin journal

Repair limit

69.50

Standard size

Outside diameter of crankpin journal

Tolerance

Repair by using over size thrust bearing or replace

0.50 U.S.

Roundness of main journal Clearance of main journal

Remedy

56.41

Repair by using under size bearing or replace

Repair limit: 0.020 Standard clearance

Clearance limit

0.029 – 0.089

0.22

Repair limit: 0.09 (Total indicated runout)

Replace connecting rod bearing Repair by using under size bearing or replace

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

PISTON, PISTON RING AND PISTON PIN

PISTON, PISTON RING AND PISTON PIN S4D95LE-3

Unit: mm

No.

1

Check item

Outside diameter of piston (at right angle to boss)

Piston ring gap

4

Repair limit

STD

95.00

94.58

0.25 O.S.

95.25

95.10

0.50 O.S.

95.50

95.35

Standard clearance

Clearance limit

Measuring point

2

Top ring

0.25 – 0.40

2.0

3

Second ring

0.35 – 0.50

2.0

4

Oil ring

0.25 – 0.50

1.5

No.

Measuring point

Standard size

5 6

Clearance between piston ring groove and piston ring

7

8

Clearance between piston and piston pin

Tolerance Ring

Piston

Standard Clearance clearance limit

Top ring

2

–0.01 –0.03

+0.07 +0.05

0.06 – 0.10

0.15

6

Second ring

2

–0.01 –0.03

+0.04 +0.02

0.03 – 0.07

0.20

7

Oil ring

4

–0.01 –0.03

+0.04 +0.02

0.03 – 0.07

0.15

Standard size

Tolerance

Replace piston (only S size supplied as replacement part)

Replace piston ring or liner

5

30

95-3 SERIES

Remedy

Standard size

No.

2 3

Criteria

Shaft

Hole

Standard clearance

Clearance limit

–0.000 –0.006

+0.012 +0.004

0.004 – 0.018

0.05

Replace piston ring or piston

Replace piston or piston pin

11-23 (1)

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

SAA4D95LE-3

PISTON, PISTON RING AND PISTON PIN

PISTON, PISTON RING AND PISTON PIN

Unit: mm

No.

1

Check item

Outside diameter of piston (at right angle to boss)

Piston ring gap

4

Repair limit

STD

95.00

94.58

0.25 O.S.

95.25

95.10

0.50 O.S.

95.50

95.35

Standard clearance

Clearance limit

Measuring point

2

Top ring

0.25 – 0.40

2.0

3

Second ring

0.35 – 0.50

2.0

4

Oil ring

0.25 – 0.50

1.5

Measuring Standard size point

No. 5 6

Clearance between piston ring groove and piston ring

7

8

Clearance between piston and piston pin

Remedy

Standard size

No.

2 3

Criteria

Tolerance Ring

5

Top ring

2.5

–0.05 –0.08

6

Second ring

2

–0.01 –0.03

7

Oil ring

4

–0.01 –0.03

Standard size 30

Tolerance

Piston

Replace piston (only S size supplied as replacement part)

Replace piston ring or liner

Standard Clearance clearance limit

*1 Judge using groove wear Replace piston gauge ring or piston +0.04 0.03 – 0.20 +0.02 0.07 +0.04 +0.02

0.03 – 0.07

0.15

Shaft

Hole

Standard clearance

Clearance limit

–0.000 –0.006

+0.012 +0.004

0.004 – 0.018

0.05

Replace piston or piston pin

*1: Part No. (wear gauge): 795-901-1130

11-23-1 (1)

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

CONNECTING ROD

CONNECTING ROD

Unit: mm

No.

Check item

1

Clearance between connecting rod bushing and piston pin (carry out reaming after press fitting)

2

Criteria Tolerance

Standard size 30

Inside diameter of connecting rod bushing hole

Shaft

Hole

Standard clearance

–0.000 –0.006

+0.033 +0.020

0.020 – 0.039

Standard

Tolerance

33

+0.025 +0.000 Standard size

3

4

5

6

Inside diameter of connecting rod bearing

Inside diameter of connecting rod bearing hole

Tolerance

Clearance limit 0.10

Repair limit

57.00

57.20

0.25 U.S.

56.75

56.95

0.50 U.S.

56.50

0.75 U.S.

56.25

56.45

1.00 U.S.

56.00

56.20

+0.095 +0.045

56.70

Standard

Tolerance

61

+0.025 +0.000 Standard

Repair limit

Bend a

Max. 0.20

0.25

Twist b

Max. 0.30

0.35

Dimension c

167



Dimension d

167



Order

Target Nm {kgm}

Range Nm {kgm}

1st step

39 {4}

37 – 41 {3.8 – 4.2}

Retighten with 90º

90 +30º +0

2nd step

Replace bushing (semi-finished part supplied as replacement part)

Replace connecting rod

STD

Bend and twist of connecting rod

Tightening torque of connecting rod cap mounting bolts (Coat bolt threads and washers with engine oil)

Remedy

Replace connecting rod bearing

Replace connecting rod

Retighten

Tightening bolt for plastic region rotation angle

11-24

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

FLYWHEEL AND FLYWHEEL HOUSING

FLYWHEEL AND FLYWHEEL HOUSING WITHOUT REAR PTO TYPE

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Starting motor Flywheel housing Crankshaft Rear oil seal (Wet type: Double lip) Flywheel Ring gear (No. of teeth: 110 or 127) Engine speed sensor

11-26 (1)

a There may be differences according to the machine model. a The numbers in ( ) are used when indicating other parts of the same type or when explaining the same part when seen from a different angle.

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

95-3 SERIES

FLYWHEEL AND FLYWHEEL HOUSING

11-27

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

FLYWHEEL AND FLYWHEEL HOUSING

Unit: mm

No.

Check item

Criteria

Remedy

1

Face runout of flywheel housing

Repair limit: 0.30

2

Radial runout of flywheel housing

Repair limit: 0.30

3

Tightening torque of flywheel housing mounting bolts

4

Radial runout of flywheel housing

Repair limit: 0.35

5

Face runout of flywheel

Repair limit: 0.30

6

Tightening torque of flywheel mounting bolts (Coat bolt threads and washers with engine oil)

11-28 (1)

Repair by reassembling

68.6 ± 4.9 Nm {7 ± 0.5 kgm}

Retighten

Repair by reassembling

Order

Target Nm {kgm}

Range Nm {kgm}

1st step

108 {11}

98 – 118 {10 – 12}

2nd step

191 {19.5}

186 – 196 {19 – 20}

Retighten

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

TIMING GEAR

TIMING GEAR WITHOUT FRONT PTO TYPE (HELICAL GEAR) a The numbers in ( ) are used when indicating other parts of the same type or when explaining the same part when seen from a different angle.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Oil pump drive gear (No. of teeth: 21) Camshaft gear (No. of teeth: 48) Crankshaft gear (No. of teeth: 24) Idler gear (No. of teeth: 48) Fuel Injection pump drive gear (No. of teeth: 48) Thrust plate

11-30

7. Idler gear shaft 8. Idler gear bushing 9. Front seal A, B, C: Match marks for timing gears

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

TIMING GEAR

SPECIFICATION Front oil seal • Single lip with dust seal

95-3 SERIES

11-31

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

TIMING GEAR

(WITHOUT FRONT PTO)

Unit: mm

No.

1

2

Check item

Backlash of each gear

Clearance between idler gear bushing and shaft

Criteria Measuring point

Gears

Standard

A

Crankshaft gear and idler gear

0.08 – 0.29

B

Idler gear and camshaft gear

0.08 – 0.19

C

Idler gear and fuel injection pump gear

0.07 – 0.29

a

Camshaft gear and oil pump gear

0.07 – 0.29

Standard size 45

3

End play of idler gear

11-32 (1)

Remedy

Tolerance

Repair limit

0.04

Shaft

Hole

Standard clearance

Clearance limit

–0.000 –0.015

+0.035 +0.015

0.015 – 0.050

0.10

Standard

Repair limit

0.03 – 0.09

0.20

Replace bushing or gear

Replace bushing or gear Replace idler shaft, thrust plate or gear

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

VALVE SYSTEM

VALVE SYSTEM S4D95LE-3 SAA4D95LE-3

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Cam gear (No. of teeth: 48) Thrust plate Camshaft Tappet Push rod Exhaust valve Intake valve Valve spring Valve seal

11-34 (1)

a The numbers in ( ) are used when indicating other parts of the same type or when explaining the same part when seen from a different angle.

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

Valve cotter Valve stem cap Spring seat Rocker arm spring Rocker arm bracket Rocker arm shaft Adjustment screw Locknut Rocker arm

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

VALVE SYSTEM

SPECIFICATIONS Valve lift • Intake valve: 9.6 mm • Exhaust valve: 10.6 mm

95-3 SERIES

11-35

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

CAMSHAFT

CAMSHAFT (Bushing installed to journal No. 2 and 3)

Unit: mm

No.

1

Check item

Criteria

End play

Journal 2

3

Outside diameter of camshaft bearing journal

No.1 No.2 No.3

Curvature of camshaft

Standard size

Repair limit

0.150 – 0.350

0.5 Tolerance

Standard size 50.5

Shaft

Hole

–0.080 –0.110

+0.030 –0.040

Height of camshaft

Intake

42.69

Exhaust

43.04

Valve timing

11-36

Standard Clearclearance ance limit 0.040 – 0.140

Replace bushing

0.25

Tolerance

Repair limit Replace

42.2 ±0.10

Valve position

5

Replace thrust plate

Repair limit: 0.03 (Total deflection of indicator) Standard size

4

Remedy

42.5

Crankshaft angle

When testing (Crankshaft angle when valve has gone down 1 mm) Standard

Tolerance

Intake open

Before TDC



Before TDC



Intake closed

After BDC

20º

After BDC



Exhaust open

Before BDC

52º

Before BDC

37º

Exhaust closed

After TDC

13º

After TDC

12º

±3º

Check for curvature or wear of valve, camshaft, push rod. Correct or replace

95-3 SERIES

ROCKER ARM SHAFT, PUSH ROD AND TAPPET

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

ROCKER ARM SHAFT, PUSH ROD AND TAPPET

Unit: mm

No.

Check item Outside diameter of rocker arm shaft

1

Criteria Standard

Tolerance

19

–0.000 –0.020

Replace rocker arm shaft

19

+0.030 +0.010

Replace rocker arm

Standard clearance

Clearance limit

0.010 – 0.050

0.12

Inside diameter of rocker arm shaft hole Clearance between rocker arm and rocker arm shaft

Remedy

Replace rocker arm or rocker arm shaft

Bend of rocker arm shaft

Repair limit: 0.20 (Total indicated runout)

Replace rocker arm shaft

2

Bend of push rod

Repair limit: 0.30 (Total indicated runout)

Replace push rod

3

Tightening torque of adjustment nut of rocker arm

4

Valve clearance (at warm and cold)

Outside diameter of tappet

5

Inside diameter of tappet hole Clearance between tappet and tappet hole

95-3 SERIES

Target Nm {kgm}

Range Nm {kgm}

44 {4.5}

39 – 49 {4 – 5}

Valve

Standard

Tolerance

Intake

0.35

±0.02

Exhaust

0.50

±0.02

Retighten

Adjust

Standard

Tolerance

16

–0.015 –0.030

16

+0.018 –0.000

Replace cylinder block

Standard clearance

Clearance limit

0.015 – 0.048

0.12

Replace tappet or cylinder block

Replace tappet

11-37

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

VALVE, VALVE GUIDE

VALVE, VALVE GUIDE

a Details may differ according to the machine model.

Unit: mm

No.

Check item

Criteria

Remedy

Tolerance 1

2

3

Sinking of valve

Intake

1.0 ± 0.18

Exaust

0.9 ± 0.18

Thickness of valve head

15 ± 1.0 Standard

Tolerance

45º

± 15’

Valve seat angle

4

Free length of valve spring

5 Installed load of valve spring

Driving-in height of valve guide

11-38 (1)

1.00

Replace

Correct valve Judge contact surface or valve seat, condition with vacuum test or replace

Shaft

Hole

Standard clearance

8

–0.035 –0.050

+0.015 +0.000

0.035 – 0.065

0.20

Exhaust 8

–0.050 –0.065

+0.015 +0.000

0.050 – 0.080

0.20

Intake

Clearance limit

Part No. (distinguishing feature)

Standard size

Repair limit

6204-41-4410 (Peach-color)

49.2

48.5

6204-41-4431 (Red)

56.0

55.0

Part No. (distinguishing feature)

Installed length

Standard load N {kg}

Load limit N {kg}

6204-41-4410 (Peach-color)

40.5

181 ± 8.8 {18.5 ± 0.9}

162 {16.5}

6204-41-4431 (Red)

40.5

153 ± 14.7 {15.6 ± 1.5}

127 {13.0}

Out-of-square of valve spring

6

1.00

Repair valve or valve seat

Repair limit

Tolerance

Standard size Clearance between valve guide and valve stem

Repair limit

Replace either valve or valve guide or both

Replace

Repair limit: 18.5º Standard size

Tolerance

14.5

± 0.2

Correct

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

LUBRICATION SYSTEM CHART

LUBRICATION SYSTEM CHART

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Oil strainer Oil pump Regulator valve Oil filter Safety valve Crankshaft

95-3 SERIES

7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Camshaft Piston Intake, exhaust valve Rocker arm Timing gears Fuel injection pump

11-39 (1)

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

OIL PUMP

OIL PUMP

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Bushing Drive gear (No. of teeth: 7) Pump cover Oil pump drive gear (No. of teeth: 21) Drive shaft Driven shaft Driven gear (No. of teeth: 7) Regulator valve Valve spring

11-40

Specifications Oil pump • Type: Gear pump • Pump speed: Engine speed x 1.143 Regulator valve • Set pressure: 490 ± 49 kPa {5.0 ± 0.5 kg/cm2}

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

OIL PUMP

S4D95LE-3

Unit: mm

No.

1

Check item

Axial clearance of pump gear

Criteria Standard size 12

2

Radial clearance of pump gear

Standard size 38

3

Interference between pump drive gear and drive shaft

Standard size

Tolerance Gear width

Body depth

–0.000 –0.015

–0.070 +0.030

Tolerance

Remedy Standard clear- Clearance limit ance (End play) (End play) 0.030 – 0.085

0.10 Clearance limit 0.13

Gear width

Body O.D.

Standard clearance

+0.115 +0.065

+0.245 +0.205

0.045 – 0.090

Tolerance

Replace gear

Standard clearance Clearance or or interference interference limit

Shaft

Hole

13

–0.024 –0.042

–0.065 –0.086

0.025 – 0.061



Replace

4

Clearance between drive shaft and cover

13

–0.024 –0.042

+0.018 +0.000

0.024 – 0.060



Replace bushing

5

Interference between pump gear and drive shaft

13

–0.024 –0.042

–0.065 –0.086

0.025 – 0.061



Replace

6

Clearance between drive shaft and bushing

13

–0.024 –0.042

+0.048 +0.004

0.028 –



Replace bushing

7

Clearance between driven shaft and cylinder block

16

–0.064 +0.046

+0.018 +0.000

0.028 – 0.064



Replace cylinder block

8

Clearance between driven shaft and gear

13

–0.110 –0.125

–0.065 –0.086

0.024 – 0.060



Replace shaft or gear

9

Clearance between drive shaft bushing hole and cylinder block

16

–0.087 +0.060

+0.018 +0.000

0.042 – 0.087



Replace cylinder block

95-3 SERIES

0.09

11-41 (1)

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

SAA4D95LE-3

OIL PUMP

OIL PUMP

Unit: mm

No.

1

Check item

Axial clearance of pump gear

Criteria Standard size 21

2

Radial clearance of pump gear

Standard size 38

3

Interference between pump drive gear and drive shaft

Standard size

Tolerance Gear width

Body depth

–0.000 –0.016

–0.070 +0.030

Tolerance

Remedy Standard clear- Clearance limit ance (End play) (End play) 0.030 – 0.086

0.10 Clearance limit 0.13

Gear width

Body O.D.

Standard clearance

+0.115 +0.065

+0.245 +0.205

0.045 – 0.090

Tolerance

Replace gear

Standard clearance Clearance or or interference interference limit

Shaft

Hole

13

–0.024 –0.042

–0.065 –0.086

0.025 – 0.061



Replace

4

Clearance between drive shaft and cover

13

–0.024 –0.042

+0.018 +0.000

0.024 – 0.060



Replace bushing

5

Interference between pump gear and drive shaft

13

–0.024 –0.042

–0.065 –0.086

0.025 – 0.061



Replace

6

Clearance between drive shaft and bushing

13

–0.024 –0.042

+0.048 +0.004

0.028 –



Replace bushing

7

Clearance between driven shaft and cylinder block

16

–0.064 +0.046

+0.018 +0.000

0.028 – 0.064



Replace cylinder block

8

Clearance between driven shaft and gear

13

–0.110 –0.125

–0.065 –0.086

0.024 – 0.060



Replace shaft or gear

9

Clearance between drive shaft bushing hole and cylinder block

16

–0.087 +0.060

+0.018 +0.000

0.042 – 0.087



Replace cylinder block

11-41-1 (1)

0.09

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

REGULATOR VALVE

REGULATOR VALVE S4D95LE-3

Unit: mm

No.

1

Check item

Clearance between valve and body

Criteria Tolerance

Standard size 11

Shaft

Hole

Standard clearance

–0.050 –0.077

+0.020 –0.020

0.030 – 0.097

Standard 2

3

Regulator valve spring

Regulator valve set pressure

11-42 (1)

Remedy Clearance limit

Repair limit

Installation length

Standard load N {kg}

Load limit N {kg}

27.8

23.9 N {2.44 kg}

22.6 N {2.3 kg}

Standard: 0.5 ± 0.05 MPa {5.0 ± 0.5 kg/cm2}

Replace

Repair or replace spring

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

REGULATOR VALVE

SAA4D95LE-3

Unit: mm

No.

1

Check item

Clearance between valve and body

Criteria Tolerance

Standard size 11

Shaft

Hole

Standard clearance

–0.050 –0.077

+0.020 –0.020

0.030 – 0.097

Standard 2

3

Regulator valve spring

Regulator valve set pressure

95-3 SERIES

Remedy Clearance limit

Repair limit

Installation length

Standard load N {kg}

Load limit N {kg}

27.8

19.7 N {2.0 kg}

55.9 N {5.7 kg}

Standard: 0.6 ± 0.05 MPa {6.0 ± 0.5 kg/cm2}

Replace

Repair or replace spring

11-43 (1)

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

OIL FILTER MOUNT

OIL FILTER MOUNT

a Details may differ according to the machine model.

1. Cartridge 2. Bracket

11-44 (1)

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

OIL FILTER

OIL FILTER

1. Relief valve 2. Cartridge 3. Bracket

SPECIFICATIONS Relief valve • Cracking pressure: 100 ± 20 kPa {1 ± 0.2 kg/cm2}

A. Oil inlet B. Oil outlet

95-3 SERIES

11-45

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

FUEL SYSTEM CHART

FUEL SYSTEM CHART S4D95LE-3 (With automatic air bleed mechanism)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Fuel tank Gauze filter Priming pump Feed pump Fuel filter Overflow valve Fuel injection pump Fuel injection nozzle

95-3 SERIES

11-47

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

SAA4D95LE-3

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

FUEL SYSTEM CHART

Fuel tank Gauze filter Priming pump Feed pump Fuel filter Overflow valve Fuel injection pump Fuel injection nozzle

11-47-1 (1)

FUEL SYSTEM CHART

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

FUEL INJECTION PUMP

FUEL INJECTION PUMP S4D95LE-3 (For PC78US-6, PC78UU-6)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Lubricating tube Drive shaft Feed pump Fuel injection pump drive gear (No. of teeth 48) Pump holder Fuel injection pump Fuel filter

11-48

a Details may differ according to the machine model.

8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Priming pump Fuel injection pipe (No. 1) Fuel injection pipe (No. 2) Fuel injection pipe (No. 3) Fuel injection pipe (No. 4) Governor Spill tube

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

A. B. C. D. E. F. G.

Fuel inlet (From fuel tank) To fuel filter From fuel filter To fuel injection nozzle To fuel tank From oil pump (Lubrication oil) To fuel tank

95-3 SERIES

FUEL INJECTION PUMP

SPECIFICATIONS Fuel injection pump • Type: Bosch type PES-A • Lubrication method: Forced lubrication with engine oil Governor • Type: Bosch RSV, Centrifugal, all-speed type

11-49

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

SAA4D95LE-3 (For PC138US-2, PC138USLC-2, PC130-7)

FUEL INJECTION PUMP

a Details may differ according to the machine model.

FUEL INJECTION PUMP

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Lubricating tube Drive shaft Feed pump Fuel injection pump drive gear (No. of teeth 48) Pump holder Fuel injection pump Fuel filter Priming pump

11-49-1 (1)

9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

Fuel injection pipe (No. 1) Fuel injection pipe (No. 2) Fuel injection pipe (No. 3) Fuel injection pipe (No. 4) Governor Spill tube Boost compensator tube

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

A. B. C. D. E. F. G.

Fuel inlet (From fuel tank) To fuel filter From fuel filter To fuel injection nozzle To fuel tank From oil pump (Lubrication oil) To fuel tank

95-3 SERIES

FUEL INJECTION PUMP

SPECIFICATIONS Fuel injection pump • Type: Bosch type PES-A • Lubrication method: Forced lubrication with engine oil Governor • Type: Bosch RSV, Centrifugal, all-speed type

11-49-2 (1)

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

BOOST COMPENSATOR

BOOST COMPENSATOR 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

Governor spring Floating lever Guide lever Tension lever Push rod Boost compensator spring Adjustment screw Diaphragm Boost compensator lever Idling sub spring Angleich spring Full load stopper Camshaft Flyweight Swivel lever Control rack Start spring

A: Air supply pressure (boost pressure) B: Direction to increase fuel

FUNCTION • The boost compensator is actuated by the air supply pressure (boost pressure) of the turbocharger. It acts through a different line from the governor to increase the fuel injection amount when there is high speed and high load. • On engines equipped with a turbocharger, because of the inertia of the turbocharger, the increase in the fuel injection when the fuel control lever is operated comes earlier than the increase in the amount of air, so the exhaust color is poor when accelerating. • As a result, on engines equipped with a turbocharger, the fuel setting is made so that the performance of the turbocharger is limited, or so the exhaust gas color is poor, or an intermediate point is chosen. • The boost compensator improves this situation: the exhaust gas color does not become poor when accelerating and the turbocharger can display its full performance.

11-49-3 (1)







If the fuel setting is made the same as for an engine without boost compensator when the boost compensator is actuated, the fuel injection at low speed (when the boost compensator is not actuated) or when accelerating becomes smaller, so the exhaust color can be greatly improved. It is used frequently for this purpose on engines operating inside tunnels or on ships. When the boost pressure becomes above a certain pressure, diaphragm (8) is pushed in, pushes push rod (5), and moves boost compensator lever (9) and floating lever (2) to move control rack (16) in the direction to increase the fuel. The actuation pressure and actuation amount are determined by the tension of boost compensator spring (6), and can be adjusted by adjustment screw (7).

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

FUEL INJECTION NOZZLE

FUEL INJECTION NOZZLE FOR DIRECT FUEL INJECTION TYPE S4D95LE-3

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Connector Nozzle holder Adjustment shim Nozzle spring Spring seat (there are two types) Retaining cap Nozzle body Needle valve

SPECIFICATIONS • Type: Bosch multiple-hole P type • Injection pressure (cracking pressure): 19.6 MPa {200 kg/cm2} • Cracking pressure adjustment: shim adjustment

A. Fuel inlet port (from injection pump) B. Fuel spray (inside cylinder) C. Fuel return port (to fuel tank)

11-50 (1)

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

FUEL FILTER

FUEL FILTER S4D95LE-3

1. Overflow valve 2. Filter bracket 3. Cartridge

SPECIFICATION • Filtration area: 0.15 m2

A. Fuel inlet B. Fuel outlet

95-3 SERIES

11-51 (1)

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

SAA4D95LE-3

1. Plug 2. Filter bracket 3. Cartridge

FUEL FILTER

FUEL FILTER

SPECIFICATION • Filtration area: 0.15 m2

A. Fuel inlet B. Fuel outlet

11-51-1 (1)

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

FUEL CUT SOLENOID

FUEL CUT SOLENOID B CONTACT SYSTEM (CONSTANT CURRENT)

1. Case 2. Return spring 3. Internal wiring diagram 3A. C1 Attraction coil 3B. C2 Holding coil 4. Stop lever 5. Fuel control lever 6. Solenoid 7. Hold (+) 8. Ground (–) 9. Pull aux •



• •

When the engine started, electricity passes through solenoid (6) and the solenoid plunger is actuated. This extends return spring (2) (built into the solenoid) and pulls it to the engine run position, and holds it in position. When stopping the engine, the key is turned to the STOP position and the flow of current through the solenoid is stopped. The magnetic force of the solenoid disappears, so the force of the return spring moves injection pump stop lever (4) to the engine STOP position (no injection). The solenoid plunger is also pulled back at the same time, and the engine stops. The fuel injection amount is controlled by fuel control lever (5) when the engine is running. Adjust length of rod when installing the fuel solenoid valve (see TESTING AND ADJUSTING).

11-52 (1)

SPECIFICATIONS Solenoid • Type: Synchrostart drip-proof type • Rated voltage: DC24V • Actuating current: When starting to pull: Approx. 25 A When finishing pulling: 0.5 A • Stroke: 25.4 mm • Weight: 1 kg

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

COOLING SYSTEM CHART

COOLING SYSTEM CHART

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Radiator Thermostat Water temperature sensor Water pump Water manifold Cylinder head Piston Cylinder block

95-3 SERIES

11-53

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

WATER PUMP

WATER PUMP (WITH SEPARATE TYPE WATER SEAL, INTEGRATED BEARING, SHAFT) a The shape may differ according to the machine model.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Pump cover Impeller Water seal Pump body Boss Drive shaft

A. B. C. D.

Water inlet port (from radiator) Water inlet port (from thermostat) Water outlet port (to engine) Water outlet port (to radiator)

11-54

SPECIFICATION • Type: Centrifugal type (V-belt drive)

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

WATER PUMP

Unit: mm

No. 1

2

Check item

Criteria

Clearance of impeller body

Interference between shaft and fan pulley boss

3

Interference between shaft and body

4

Interference between shaft and impeller

5

Curvature of shaft

6

Wear of seal of water seal ring

95-3 SERIES

Remedy

Standard clearance: 0.3 – 2.0 Standard size

Tolerance

Standard interference

Shaft

Hole

18

–0.000 –0.013

–0.066 –0.082

0.053 – 0.082

42

–0.000 –0.013

–0.025 –0.046

0.012 – 0.046

12

–0.000 –0.013

–0.035 –0.062

0.022 – 0.062

Replace

Repair limit: Runout at face B: 0.1

Repair limit: Dimension A: 0

11-55

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

FAN DRIVE AND THERMOSTAT

FAN DRIVE AND THERMOSTAT a The shape may differ according to the machine model.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

Fan Fan belt Water pump Fan spacer Fan pulley Crankshaft pulley Crankshaft Thermostat case cover Thermostat Thermostat case Alternator

11-56 (1)

A. Direction of wind B. To radiator (cooling water) C. From engine (cooling water) a, b, c: Outside diameter of pulley d. Heater pickup port e. Thermo sensor (installed on some models) f. Water temperature gauge pickup port

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

FAN DRIVE AND THERMOSTAT

a The shape may differ according to the machine model. a The diagram shows the PC78US-6 and PC78UU-6.

FAN DRIVE

Outer diameter of pulley (mm) Engine

S4D95LE-3

95-3 SERIES

Applicable machine

PC78US-6, PC78UU-6, PC78MR-6

a (Fan)

b (Alternator)

c (Crankshaft)

152

95

150

11-57

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

FAN DRIVE AND THERMOSTAT

THERMOSTAT (WITH JIGGLE VALVE)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Piston Case Pellet Seat Valve Case Spring Bypass spring Bypass valve Bypass seat E-ring Jiggle valve

11-58



Jiggle valve (12) allows air to flow but stops water from flowing to the top of thermostat. It allows the engine water temperature to rise in a short time.

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

FAN DRIVE AND THERMOSTAT

Unit: mm

No.

Check item

Criteria Cracking temperature: 82 ± 2ºC

1

Thermostat

Fully open temperature: 95ºC Fully open lift: Min. 8

95-3 SERIES

Remedy

Fully open: Shall open fully when immersed in hot water bath at temperature between 95ºC and 77ºC for 4 – 5 minutes Replace (when immersed in hot water bath at 95ºC for 4 – 5 minutes))

11-59

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

STARTING AND CHARGING SYSTEM ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

STARTING AND CHARGING SYSTEM ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT DIAGRAM S4D95LE-3

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Battery Starting motor Alternator Starting switch Glow signal

11-60

6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Glow plug Oil pressure caution lamp Oil pressure switch Water temperature gauge (electrical type) Thermo sensor

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

SAA4D95LE-3

1. 2. 3. 4.

Battery Starting motor Alternator Starting switch

95-3 SERIES

STARTING AND CHARGING SYSTEM ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

STARTING AND CHARGING SYSTEM ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

5. 6. 7. 8.

Relay Electrical intake air heater Oil pressure caution lamp Oil pressure switch

11-60-1 (1)

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

ALTERNATOR

ALTERNATOR BUILT-IN REGULATOR TYPE (25A)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

E terminal B terminal R terminal Alternator Alternator pulley

Engine

Machine model PC78US-6, PC78UU-6, PC78MR-6

6. Internal connection diagram 6A. Field coil 6B. Initial excitation resistance 6C. Regulator

Pulley Type

Specification No. of pulley grooves Outside diameter (mm)

Weight (kg)

Nikko Denki, open type

24 V, 25 A

1

95

6.0

PC138US-2, Nikko Denki, SAA4D95LE-3 PC138USLC-2, open type PC130-7

24 V, 25 A

1

95

6.0

S4D95LE-3

95-3 SERIES

11-61 (1)

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

STARTING MOTOR

STARTING MOTOR SEPARATELY LOCATED SAFETY RELAY TYPE (3 kW)

1. 2. 3. 4.

Pinion gear Magnetic switch Starting motor Warning plate (for jump start prohibition)

5. B terminal 6. C terminal 7. Connector (sealed type, 2 pins connector, L type)

Engine

Machine model

Type

Specification

No. of pinion teeth

Weight (kg)

S4D95LE-3

PC78US-6, PC78UU-6, PC78MR-6

Nikko Denki, sealed type

24 V, 3 kW

11

7.8

Nikko Denki, sealed type

24 V, 3 kW

11

7.8

PC138US-2, SAA4D95LE-3 PC138USLC-2, PC130-7

11-62 (1)

95-3 SERIES

STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARD

ENGINE STARTING DEVICE

ENGINE STARTING DEVICE GLOW PLUG (METAL 2-WIRE TYPE GLOW PLUG)

1. 2. 3. 4.

Heat generation coil (Fe-Cr) Control coil (Fe) Body Rated voltage color marking place

95-3 SERIES

SPECIFICATION • Rated voltage (color marking): 24 V (Red) • Type: Standard type • Name: Self-control type ceramic glow plug

11-63

12 TESTING AND ADJUSTING TESTING AND ADJUSTING Adjusting valve clearance ....................... 12- 2 Measuring compression pressure........... 12- 4 Adjusting fuel injection pressure ............. 12- 5 Testing and adjusting fuel injection timing ................................. 12- 6 Adjusting fuel cut solenoid ...................... 12- 10

PERFORMANCE TEST Run-in standard .......................................12- 40 Performance test criteria .........................12- 42

FUEL INJECTION PUMP CALIBRATION DATA ............................ 12- 14

TESTING AND ADJUSTING DATA...............12-126

TROUBLESHOOTING...................................12-101 TESTING AND ADJUSTING TOOL LIST .....12-125

k When carrying out testing and adjusting, or troubleshooting, stop the machine on level ground, fit safety pins, block the wheels, and apply the parking brake.

k When carrying out operations with two or more workers, always use signals, and do not allow any unauthorized person near the machine. k When checking the water level, if the radiator cap is removed when the engine is hot, boiling water will spurt out and may cause burns, so always wait for the engine to cool down before checking the water level. k Be extremely careful not to touch any hot parts.

k Be extremely careful not to get caught in the fan or any other rotating parts.

k When removing the plugs or caps from places under hydraulic pressure, water pressure, or air pressure, release the internal pressure first. Fit the measuring tools securely before carrying out any testing, adjusting, or troubleshooting. a When using the standard values table for judgement in testing, adjusting, or troubleshooting, it is necessary to be careful of the following points. 1. The standard values for the new machines in the standard values table are values given as reference from the standards for new machines and machines shipped from the factory. They should be used as values for estimating wear during operation or as target values when carrying out repairs. 2. The failure judgement standard values in the standard values table are values using estimated values based on the results of various tests and standard values for machines shipped from the factory. Use these values for reference together with the repair and operation history of the machine when judging failures. 3. Do not use this standard values table as a standard for judging claims. 95-3 SERIES

12-1

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

ADJUSTING VALVE CLEARANCE

ADJUSTING VALVE CLEARANCE 1. Remove cylinder head cover. 2. Rotate the crankshaft in the normal direction. While watching the movement of the intake valve of No. 4 cylinder, bring the No. 1 cylinder into Compression Top Dead Center position and align the TOP engraved mark on crankshaft pulley (5) with pointer (6). a When the No. 1 cylinder comes near Compression Top Dead Center position, the No. 4 intake valve will start to move (open). 3. Adjust the valve clearance for valves marked q in the valve arrangement chart. 4. Rotate the crankshaft in the normal direction by one revolution and adjust the valve clearance for the remaining valves marked Q.

a To adjust the valve clearance, loosen lock nut (8) on adjustment screw (7), insert thickness gauge A corresponding to the specified clearance between valve stem (6) and rocker arm (5), and adjust the clearance with the adjustment screw until the thickness gauge can slide lightly.

5. After the clearance is properly adjusted, tighten the lock nut to secure the adjustment screw. 3 Lock nut: 44 ± 5.0 Nm {4.5 ± 0.5 kgm}

12-2

95-3 SERIES

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

ADJUSTING VALVE CLEARANCE

a Firing order: 1 – 2 – 4 – 3. a Intake and exhaust valve clearances may be adjusted for each cylinder in a firing order by rotating the crankshaft 180º at a time in the normal direction. a Valve clearance: see TESTING AND ADJUSTING DATA.

95-3 SERIES

12-3

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

MEASURING COMPRESSION PRESSURE

MEASURING COMPRESSION PRESSURE MEASUREMENT PROCEDURE

k While measuring the compression pressure, take care not burn yourself on the exhaust manifold or muffler, and be careful not to get caught in any revolving part of the engine. a Measure the compression pressure while the engine is warm. (Oil temperature: 40 – 60ºC) 1. Adjust the valve clearance properly. For details, see ADJUSTING VALVE CLEARANCE. 2. Remove spill tube and disconnect fuel injection pipe. 3. For machines with a key stop system, remove the wiring of the fuel cut solenoid. (For machines with a stop motor installed, remove the wiring of the connector.) 4. Remove nozzle holder assembly for each cylinder. a Remove the nozzle holder assembly by prying it with the spill tube mounting bolt. a Take care not to let any dirt or foreign matter get into the cylinder. a When the nozzle holder assembly is removed, replace the seat gasket. 5. Install adapter A to the nozzle holder mounting section of the cylinder to be measured, and tighten the adapter to the specified torque. 3 Adapter A: 44 ± 5 Nm {4.5 ± 0.5 kgm} 6. Connect the compression gauge to adapter A. 7. Place the fuel control lever in NO INJECTION position, crank the engine with the starting motor, and read the gauge when the pointer is stabilized.

k If you do not put the fuel control lever in NO INJECTION position, fuel will blow out. a Most compression leakage can be prevented by applying a small amount of oil to the mounting section of the adapter. a For the reference values of the compression pressure, see TESTING AND ADJUSTING DATA.

12-4

95-3 SERIES

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

ADJUSTING FUEL INJECTION PRESSURE

ADJUSTING FUEL INJECTION PRESSURE (CRACKING PRESSURE) 1. Remove retaining cap (1). 2. Remove nozzle (2), spring seat (3), and nozzle spring (4). 3. Adjust thickness of shim (5) to adjust injection pressure (cracking pressure). a Pressure adjustment for 0.1 mm of shim thickness: Approx. 1.47 MPa {15 kg/cm2} 3 Retaining cap: 44 ± 5 Nm {4.5 ± 0.5 kgm}

SHIM DATA FOR ADJUSTING INJECTION PRESSURE Unit: mm

Engine

Shape

Range of shim thickness

Range of shim clearance

S4D95LE-3

Inner dia.= 2.1 Outer dia.= 7.2

0.1 – 0.58

0.02

Part No.

Thickness (mm)

Part No.

Thickness (mm)

DK150534-3600

0.100

DK150534-4100

0.520

DK150534-3700

0.200

DK150534-4200

0.540

DK150534-3800

0.300

DK150534-4300

0.560

DK150534-3900

0.400

DK150534-4400

0.580

DK150534-4000

0.500

95-3 SERIES

12-5

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

TESTING AND ADJUSTING FUEL INJECTION TIMING

TESTING AND ADJUSTING FUEL INJECTION TIMING S4D95LE-3 (PC78US-6, PC78UU-6, PC78MR-6) SAA4D95LE-3 (PC138US-2, PC138USLC-2, PC130-7) Counter mark method a Adjustment is normally carried out using this method. (In cases when the fuel injection pump has not been repaired and is assembled again to the same engine, or when only the fuel injection timing is checked) 1. Set the No. 1 cylinder to the compression top dead center. 1) Rotate the crankshaft in the normal direction and align pointer (2) with (1.4 TOP line) (1) on the crankshaft pulley. 2) Use the procedures below to check that the No. 1 cylinder is at compression top dead center. If the condition is not as shown below, rotate the crankshaft one more turn. a When fuel injection pump has been removed: Check that it is possible to see the C at the tip of the idler gear teeth. a When fuel injection pump is installed to engine: Remove the head cover and check that the intake and exhaust valves of the No. 1 cylinder are closed (there is a clearance for both the No. 1 intake and exhaust valves). 2. Remove cover (3) at the front of the fuel injection pump. 3. Install to the engine with the fuel injection pump holder and drive gear as one unit. 4. Insert the timing check pin (diameter: 4 – 4.5 mm, length: 80 mm) through hole a in the front gear cover and align with the hole in the drive gear. a The timing check pin must enter straight. Check that the hole in the fuel injection pump holder is aligned with the mounting hole in the front gear cover (the mounting bolt goes in). a If the position is not aligned, remove the fuel injection pump again and check the meshing of the drive gear. 5. Remove the timing check pin and tighten all bolts.

12-6 (1)

95-3 SERIES

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

TESTING AND ADJUSTING FUEL INJECTION TIMING

Delivery valve method (In cases when the fuel injection pump has been repaired or replaced and is assembled again, or when the gear train parts have been disassembled or replaced) 1. Remove the cylinder head cover. 2. Set the No. 1 cylinder at compression top dead center. 1) Rotate the crankshaft in the normal direction to align pointer (2) with injection timing line (1) on the crankshaft pulley. 2) Check that there is a clearance at the intake and exhaust valves of the No. 1 cylinder. a If there is no clearance, rotate the crankshaft one more turn. 3. Remove snap ring (3) at the front end of the rocker shaft, then remove No. 1 cylinder intake rocker arm (4).

4. Using spring pusher M1, compress the valve spring and remove valve cotter (5). 5. Loosen spring pusher M1, then remove spring seat (6) and valve spring (7).

6. Put intake valve (8) in contact with the top surface of piston (9), then rotate the shaft by hand to check that it is securely in contact.

95-3 SERIES

12-7

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

TESTING AND ADJUSTING FUEL INJECTION TIMING

7. Put dial gauge M2 in contact with the tip of the valve shaft, then rotate the crankshaft in the normal and reverse direction and set the gauge to 0 at the point where the indicator starts to turn in the reverse direction. 8. Put the No. 1 cylinder at compression top dead center, then rotate the crankshaft approx. 45º in the reverse direction. 9. Rotate the crankshaft in the normal direction until the dial gauge shows the standard dimension a. Injection timing

Piston displacement (mm)

BTDC 5°

0.29 ± 0.08

BTDC 6°

0.42 ± 0.08

BTDC 7°

0.57 ± 0.08

BTDC 8°

0.75 ± 0.08

10. Disconnect fuel injection pipe (10) of No. 1 cylinder. 11. Remove delivery valve holder (11), take out delivery valve (12) and spring (13), then install delivery valve holder (11) again. 12. Place the fuel injection lever at the FULL position. 13. Loosen the nut in the oblong hole of the mounting flange of the fuel injection pump, then loosen injection pump mounting bolts (14). 14. Move the fuel injection pump towards the outside, then move the injection pump towards the cylinder block a little at a time while operating the priming pump. Stop at the point where the fuel stops flowing from the delivery valve holder. a Adjust the fuel injection timing by moving the fuel injection pump as follows. To RETARD timing, move towards OUTSIDE To ADVANCE timing, move towards CYLINDER BLOCK 15. Tighten fuel injection pump mounting bolts (14) in turn. 16. Tighten the nut in the oblong hole of the injection pump mounting flange.

12-8 (1)

95-3 SERIES

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

TESTING AND ADJUSTING FUEL INJECTION TIMING

17. Rotate the crankshaft in the normal direction and check that the indicator of the dial gauge is at 0 ± 0.08 mm when the No. 1 cylinder is at top dead center (the point where the indicator of the dial gauge starts to turn in the reverse direction). If this dimension is not correct, carry out the operation again from Step 7. 18. Remove delivery valve holder (11), assemble delivery valve (12) and spring (13), then install delivery valve holder (11) again. a Replace the O-rings and copper gaskets of the delivery valve with new parts. k Tighten the delivery valve holder securely in 3 passes. (If the tightening is insufficient, it may cause the gasket to split.) 3 Delivery valve holder: 32.4 ± 2.0 Nm {3.3 ± 0.2 kgm} 19. Connect fuel injection pipe (3). 3 Sleeve nut : 23.5 ± 1.0 Nm {2.4 ± 0.1 kgm} 20. Install valve spring (7) and spring seat (6). 21. Compress the valve spring with spring pusher M1 and install valve cotter (5). 22. Assemble No. 1 cylinder intake rocker arm (4), then install snap ring (3). a Install the snap ring securely. 23. Install the cylinder head cover. 3 Cylinder head cover mounting bolt : 8.8 ± 1.0 Nm {0.9 ± 0.1 kgm}

95-3 SERIES

12-9

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

ADJUSTING FUEL CUT SOLENOID

ADJUSTING FUEL CUT SOLENOID S4D95LE-3 (For PC78US-6, PC78UU-6, PC78MR-6) SAA4D95LE-3 (PC138US-2, PC138USLC-2) 1. Install ball joint (2) to solenoid (1) and tighten locknut (3). a a: Approx. 1 mm (1 thread)

2. Assemble rod (4) and rod end (5) temporarily to ball joint (2). a Depth b for screwing rod into ball joint: Approx. 12.5 mm a Depth c for screwing rod end into rod: Approx. 10.0 mm

3. Pass electricity through solenoid (1) to make it attract. a When doing this, if rod end (5) and stop lever (6) of the fuel injection pump are connected before the solenoid is actuated, the solenoid will not be pulled away (the actuating current will continue to flow) when the solenoid is actuated, and the coil will burn out. To prevent this, do not connect the rod end and stop lever.

4. Check that solenoid (1) is attracted, then connect rod end (5) to stop lever (6), and adjust the length of rod (4) so that the stop lever contacts the end of the lever at the constant end.

12-10 (1)

95-3 SERIES

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

ADJUSTING FUEL CUT SOLENOID

a Stop lever (6) contacts the end of the lever at the constant end. (Contacts inside the injection pump) a Play: 0 mm

a When adjusting the length of rod (4), do not apply any excessive force to pull stop lever (6) beyond the lever end. a The method for adjusting the rod length is as shown in the diagram on the right.

5. Tighten nut (7) at the connection of stop lever (6) and rod end (5), then install a split pin. a Install the rod end so that greasing port (8) is at the top. 2 Rod end: Grease (G2-LI)

95-3 SERIES

12-11

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

ADJUSTING FUEL CUT SOLENOID

6. Make rod (4) longer to give play at the constant end of the stop lever. a Play d: 1.0 – 2.0 mm (loosen the rod 1/2 – 1 turn)

7. Tighten locknut (8). a When doing this, be careful that rod (4) does not turn together with locknut (9). Be careful also not to twist stop lever (6) with excessive force. 8. Start and stop the engine 2 or 3 times and check that solenoid (1) is actuated smoothly and that the engine stops.

12-12

95-3 SERIES

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

FUEL INJECTION PUMP CALIBRATION DATA

FUEL INJECTION PUMP CALIBRATION DATA Engine model

Pump assembly No.

Engine serial No.

Applicable machine

Page

6205-71-1350

PC78US-6, PC78UU-6, PC78MR-6

12-15

6208-71-1210

PC130-7

12-16

6208-71-1220

PC138US-2, PC138USLC-2

12-16

S4D95LE-3

SAA4D95LE-3

12-14 (1)

95-3 SERIES

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

FUEL INJECTION PUMP CALIBRATION DATA

Fuel injection Pump Assembly Number 6205-71-1350 (101495-3490)

Applicable Machine Model

( ): Injection pump manufacturer’s part No. Injection Pump Type

Injection pump manufacturer

PES-A

BOSCH

Fuel injection pump specification Rotating direction

Injection interval Plunger pre-storoke

(mm)

Delivery valve retraction volume

PC78US-6 PC78UU-6 PC78MR-6

Flywheel horsepower (kW {HP}) / rpm) 42.1 {56.5}/1,850 (Gross)

High idling speed

(rpm)

2,050 ± 50

2.5 ± 0.05

Low idling speed

(rpm)

1,150 +50 +0

(mm3/st)

51

(Nm {kgm} / rpm) 241 {24.6}/1,500 (Gross)

Pump tester capacity for Service standard

Motor 7.5 kW

( ): Fuel injection pump manufacturer’s part number Service standard

Manufacturer standard

(105780-8140)

6205-11-3200 (105119-4080)

(105780-0000)

6205-11-3220 (105017-3460)

(105780-2080)

6205-13-3110 (105048-4450)

6 X 2 X 600

6 X 1.6 X 600

ASTM D975 No.2 diesel fuel or equivalent 40 – 45

2

17.2 {175}

19.6 {200}

2

157 {1.60}

157 {1.6}

Service standard (cc/1000 st.)

Manufacturer standard (cc/1000 st.)

Nozzle opening pressure (MPa{kg/cm }) Transfer pump pressure

(kPa{kg/cm })

Rack point

Rack position (mm)

Pump speed (rpm)

A (Basic point)

10.8

B C

Injection volume

Maximum variance between cylinder

Injection volume

925

63 ± 1

± 2.5

56.5

(10.8)

750

(51.5)



(59)

approx. 7.5

575

8±1

± 15

8

Governor performance curve

95-3 SERIES

S4D95LE-3

90° ± 30’

• Service standard Nozzele part No. indicates data using calibration Nozzele holder part No. test parts. Injection pipe (mm) (Outside dia. x inside dia. x length) • Manufacturer standard is data Test oil for factory test. Oil temperture (°C)

• Rack positions B to E are the reference volume when adjusting the injection volume.

Serial No.

Maximum torque

Nozzele & nozzle holder part No.

Injection volume

Model

1–2–4–3

Calibration Standard Conditions

Serial No.

Engine Specification Clockwise

Injection order

Applicable Engine

Maximum variance between cylinder

Boost compensator performance curve

12-15

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

FUEL INJECTION PUMP CALIBRATION DATA

Fuel injection Pump Assembly Number 6208-71-1210 (101495-3530) 6208-71-1220 (101495-3540)

Applicable Machine Model

( ): Injection pump manufacturer’s part No. Injection Pump Type

Injection pump manufacturer

PES-A

BOSCH

Fuel injection pump specification Rotating direction

Injection interval Plunger pre-storoke

(mm)

Delivery valve retraction volume

Serial No.

PC138US-2 PC138USLC-2 PC130-7

Model

Serial No.

SAA4D95LE-3

Engine Specification Clockwise

Injection order

Applicable Engine

Flywheel horsepower (kW {HP}) / rpm) 69.2 {92.8}/2,200 (Gross)

1–2–4–3

Maximum torque

90° ± 30’

High idling speed

(rpm)

2,400 ± 60

3.2 ± 0.05

Low idling speed

(rpm)

1,100 ± 50

3

(mm /st)

51

(Nm {kgm} / rpm) 358 {36.5}/1,500 (Gross)

Pump tester capacity for Service standard

Motor 7.5 kW

Calibration Standard( ): Fuel injection pump manufacturer’s part number Conditions

Nozzele & nozzle holder part No.

• Service standard Nozzele part No. indicates data Nozzele holder part No. using calibration test parts. Injection pipe (mm) (Outside dia. x inside dia. x length) • Manufacturer standard is data Test oil for factory test. Oil temperture (°C)

Service standard

Manufacturer standard

(105780-8140)

6208-11-3100 (105119-4160)

(105780-0000)

6208-11-3120 (105017-3630)

(105780-2080)

6204-11-3110 (105048-4450)

6 X 2 X 600

6 X 1.6 X 600

ASTM D975 No.2 diesel fuel or equivalent 40 – 45

2

17.2 {175}

19.6 {200}

2

255 {2.6}

255 {2.6}

Service standard (cc/1000 st.)

Manufacturer standard (cc/1000 st.)

Nozzle opening pressure (MPa{kg/cm }) Transfer pump pressure Injection volume • Rack positions B to E are the reference volume when adjusting the injection volume.

Rack point

Rack position (mm)

Pump speed (rpm)

A (Basic point)

10.0

1,100

B

10.3

750

C

approx. 6.0

550

10 ± 1

± 15

E



100

89 ± 5



Governor performance curve

12-16 (1)

(kPa{kg/cm })

Injection volume

Maximum variance between cylinder

Injection volume

Maximum variance between cylinder

85 ± 1

± 2.5 —

Boost compensator performance curve

95-3 SERIES

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

PERFORMANCE TEST

PERFORMANCE TEST a The table gives the standard values for machines without fan. a The loads for the dynamometer are at an arm’s length of 716 mm.

RUN-IN STANDARD

Engine model

S4D95LE-3

12-40

Order

Applicable machine

PC78US-6 PC78UU-6 PC78MR-6

Item 1

2

3

4

Running time

min.

2

10

2

3

Engine speed

rpm

1,150 +50 +0

1,000

1,200

1,600

Load

N {kg}

0 {0}

98 {10}

147 {15}

245 {25}

Flywheel horsepower

kW {HP}

0 {0}

7.4 {9.8}

13.2 {17.7}

29.4 {39.4}

Running time

min.

Engine speed

rpm

Load

N {kg}

Flywheel horsepower

kW {HP}

Running time

min.

Engine speed

rpm

Load

N {kg}

Flywheel horsepower

kW {HP}

Running time

min.

Engine speed

rpm

Load

N {kg}

Flywheel horsepower

kW {HP}

Running time

min.

Engine speed

rpm

Load

N {kg}

Flywheel horsepower

kW {HP}

5

6

95-3 SERIES

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

Engine model

Order

Applicable machine

PC138US-2 SAA4D95LE-3 PC138USLC-2 PC130-7

95-3 SERIES

PERFORMANCE TEST

Item 1

2

3

4

10

2

3

Running time

min.

2

Engine speed

rpm

1,100 +0

1,100

1,450

1,900

Load

N {kg}

0 {0}

142 {14.5}

235 {24}

335 {34.2}

Flywheel horsepower

kW {HP}

0 {0}

11.8 {15.8}

25.7 {34.5}

47.8 {64.0}

Running time

min.

Engine speed

rpm

Load

N {kg}

Flywheel horsepower

kW {HP}

Running time

min.

Engine speed

rpm

Load

N {kg}

Flywheel horsepower

kW {HP}

Running time

min.

Engine speed

rpm

Load

N {kg}

Flywheel horsepower

kW {HP}

Running time

min.

Engine speed

rpm

Load

N {kg}

Flywheel horsepower

kW {HP}

+50

5

6

12-41 (1)

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

PERFORMANCE TEST

PERFORMANCE TEST CRITERIA a The table gives the values under the standard condition (Atmospheric temperature: 25ºC, Atmospheric pressure: 99.9 kPa {750 mmHg}). a Since the dynamometer loads, output, and torque in the table are measured with the fan removed, they are different from the specification values. a The values in the table are the standard values for machines with the muffler and air cleaner installed, alternator under no load, and air compressor open (if installed). a The dynamometer loads are measured with the arm 716 mm long.

Engine model

Applicable machine

PC78US-6 PC78UU-6 PC78MR-6

Engine speed Test item

Specified value (rpm)

Dynamometer Load (N{kg})

Flywheel horsepower

40 kW/1,850 rpm(Net) {54 HP/1,850 rpm}(Net)

1,850 ± 5

289 – 319 {29.5 – 32.5}

Maximum torque

235 Nm/1,500 rpm(Net) {24 kgm/1,500 rpm}(Net)

1,500 ± 100

320 – 353 {32.7 – 36.0}

High idling speed

2,050 ± 50 rpm





Low idling speed

1,150 +0 rpm





66.2 kW/2,200 rpm(Net) {89 HP/2,200 rpm}(Net)

2,200 ± 5

398 – 440 {40.6 – 44.9}

352.8 Nm/1,500 rpm(Net) {36 kgm/1,500 rpm}(Net)

1,500 ± 100

476 – 525 {48.6 – 53.6}

+50

Flywheel horsepower Maximum torque S4D95LE-3 High idling speed Low idling speed Flywheel horsepower Maximum torque High idling speed Low idling speed Flywheel horsepower Maximum torque PC138US-2 PC138USLC-2 PC130-7 High idling speed

SAA4D95LE-3

Low idling speed

2,400 ± 60 rpm 1,100 ± 50 rpm

Flywheel horsepower Maximum torque High idling speed Low idling speed

12-42 (1)

95-3 SERIES

TESTING AND ADJUSTING

PERFORMANCE TEST

a For fuel, use ASTM D975 No. 1 or No. 2. a For lubricant, use SAE15W-40 or SAE30 oil.

Flywheel horsepower (kW{HP})

Torque (kW{kgm})

Lubrication oil Lubrication oil Coolant Fuel Exhaust pressure consumption temperature temperature temperature (MPa{kg/cm2} (ºC) (ºC) (sec/200cc) (ºC)

40.1 – 44.2(Gross) {53.7 – 59.3}(Gross)



Min.

80 – 95

90 – 110

0.34 – 0.61 {3.5 – 6.0}

Max. 650



229 – 253(Gross) {23.4 – 25.8}(Gross)



80 – 95

90 – 110

0.34 – 0.61 {3.5 – 6.0}

Max. 650







80 – 95

90 – 110

0.34 – 0.61 {3.5 – 6.0}









80 – 95

80 – 110

Min. 0.18 {1.8}



65.7 – 72.7(Gross) {88.1 – 97.5}(Gross)



80 – 95

90 – 110

0.34 – 0.61 {3.5 – 6.0}

Max. 650



341 – 376(Gross) {34.8 – 38.4}(Gross)

80 – 95

90 – 110

0.34 – 0.61 {3.5 – 6.0}

Max. 650





80 – 95

90 – 110

0.34 – 0.61 {3.5 – 6.0}







80 – 95

80 – 110

Min. 0.18 {1.8}



95-3 SERIES

12-43 (1)

TROUBLESHOOTING Method of using troubleshooting charts.......................................................................................................12-102 Points to remember when troubleshooting ..................................................................................................12-106 S- 1 Starting performance is poor (starting always takes time) ................................................................12-107 S- 2 Engine does not start ........................................................................................................................12-108 (1) Engine does not turn...................................................................................................................12-108 (2) Engine turns but no exhaust smoke comes out (fuel is not being injected) ................................12-109 (3) Exhaust smoke comes out but engine does not start (Fuel is being injected) ............................12- 110 S- 3 Engine does not pick up smoothly (follow-up is poor) .......................................................................12- 111 S- 4 Engine stops during operations.........................................................................................................12- 112 S- 5 Engine does not rotate smoothly (hunting)........................................................................................12- 113 S- 6 Engine lacks output (no power).........................................................................................................12- 114 S- 7 Exhaust smoke is black (incomplete combustion).............................................................................12- 115 S- 8 Oil consumption is excessive or exhaust smoke is blue ...................................................................12- 116 S- 9 Oil becomes contaminated quickly....................................................................................................12- 117 S-10 Fuel consumption is excessive..........................................................................................................12- 118 S-11 Oil is in cooling water, or water spurts back, or water level goes down ............................................12- 119 S-12 Oil pressure caution lamp lights up (drop in oil pressure) .................................................................12-120 S-13 Oil level rises (water, fuel in oil).........................................................................................................12-121 S-14 Water temperature becomes too high (overheating) .........................................................................12-122 S-15 Abnormal noise is made....................................................................................................................12-123 S-16 Vibration is excessive ........................................................................................................................12-124 Testing and adjusting tool list.......................................................................................................................12-125 Testing and adjusting data...........................................................................................................................12-126

95-3 SERIES

12-101

TROUBLESHOOTING

METHOD OF USING TROUBLESHOOTING CHARTS

METHOD OF USING TROUBLESHOOTING CHARTS This troubleshooting chart is divided into three sections: questions, check items, and troubleshooting. The questions and check items are used to pinpoint high probability causes that can be located from the failure symptoms or simple inspeciton without using troubleshooting tools. Next, troubleshooting tools or direct inspection are used to check the high probability causes to make final confirmation. [Questions] Sections + in the chart on the right corresponds to the items where answers can be obtained from the user. The items in are items that can be obtained from the user, depending on the user’s level. [Check items] The serviceman carries out simple inspection to narrow down the causes. The items under in the chart on the right correspond to this. The serviceman narrows down the causes from information that he has obtained from the user and the results of that he has obtained from his own inspection.

Causes

[Troubleshooting] Troubleshooting is carried out in the order of probability, starting with the causes that have been marked as having the highest probability from information gained from [Questions] and [Check items].

Questions

(1) (2) (3)

(a) (b) (c) (d)

Check items

(e)

Troubleshooting

i

12-102

ii iii

95-3 SERIES

METHOD OF USING TROUBLESHOOTING CHARTS

fuel

injec

tion)

Causes

Seiz

The basic method of using the troubleshooting chart is as follows. Items listed for [Questions] and [Check items] that have a relationship with the Cause items are marked with Q, and of these, causes that have a high probability are marked with w. Check each of the [Questions] and [Check items] in turn, and marked the Q or w in the chart for items where the problem appeared. The vertical column (Causes) that has the highest number of points is the most probable cause, so start troubleshooting for that item to make final confirmation of the cause. 1. For [Confirm recent repair history] in the [Questions] Section, ask the user, and mark the Cause column with E to use as reference for locating the cause of the failure. However, do not use this when making calculations to narrow down the causes. 2. Use the E in the Cause column as reference for [Degree of use (Operated for long period)] in the [Questions] section as reference. As a rule, do not use it when calculating the points for locating the cause, but it can be included if necessary to determine the order for troubleshooting.

ed t urbo char Clog ger, ged inter air c fere lean Wor nce er e n pis le men ton ring t Clog , cyli ged nde , seiz r ed f Imp uel in rope jectio r fue l inje n no Defe ction zzle ctive timin fuel g injec tion pum p (e xce s sive

TROUBLESHOOTING

Confirm recent repair history Degree of use

95-3 SERIES

Operatred for long period

12-103

TROUBLESHOOTING



METHOD OF USING TROUBLESHOOTING CHARTS

Example of troubleshooting when exhaust gas is black Let us assume that [Clogged air cleaner] is taken to be the cause of black exhaust gas. Three symptoms have causal relationship with this problem: [Exhaust gas slowly became black], [Power slowly became weaker], and [Dust indicator is red]. If we look from these three symptoms to find the causes, we find that there is a relationship with five causes. Let us explain here the method of using this causal relationship to pinpoint the most probable cause.

S-7 Exhaust gas is black (incomplete combustion) General causes why exhaust gas is black • Insufficient intake of air • Improper condition of fuel injection • Excessive injection of fuel

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

Seiz ed tu rboc Clog harg ged er, in air c terfe Wor lean re n pis er e to leme nce n rin Clog nt g , cyli ged , n seiz Imp ed fu der rope el in r fue jec Defe l inje ctive ction tion noz zle fuel timin Imp injec g rope tion r va pum Crus lve c p lear hed (exc ance , clo essiv Lea gge e fu kage dm el in uffle of a jecti Defe r ir betw on) ctive e en tu conta Deff rboc ct of ectiv h arge valv e fu r e, va el in and jecti lve s cylin on p eat der ump h ea (rac d k, plu n ge r se ized )

Causes

Confirm recent repair history Degree of use

Operated for long period

Questions

Suddenly became black Color of exhaust gas

Gradually became black Blue under light load

Engine oil must be added more frequently Power was lost

Suddenly Gradually

Non-specified fuel has been used Noise of interference is heard from around turbocharger Dust indicator is red Blow-by gas is excessive

Check items

Engine pickup is poor and combustion is irregular When exhaust manifold is touched immediately after starting engine, temperature of some cylinders is low Match marks on fuel injection pump are out of alignment Seal on fuel injection pump has come off Clanging sound is heard from around cylinder head Exhaust noise is abnormal Muffler is crushed Leakage of air between turbocharger and cylinder head, loose clamp When turbocharger is rotated by hand, it is found to be heavy When air cleaner is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged

Troubleshooting

When compression pressure is measured, it is found to be low Speed of some cylinders does not change when operating on reduced cylinders When check is made using delivery method, fuel injection timing is found to be incorrect Fuel injection pump test shows that fuel injection amount is incorrect When valve clearance is checked directly it is found to be outside standard value When muffler is removed, exhaust gas color returns to normal

12-104

Replace

Repair

Replace

Adjust

Replace

Adjust

Adjust

Replace

Replace

Clean

Remedy

Replace

When control rack is pushed, it is found to be heavy or does not return

95-3 SERIES

TROUBLESHOOTING

METHOD OF USING TROUBLESHOOTING CHARTS

Five causes Step 1 Clarify the relationship between the three symptoms in the [Questions] and [Check items] section and the five Cause items in the vertical column.

Three symptoms

Step 2 Add up the total of and marks where the horizontal lines for the three symptoms and the vertical columns for the causes intersect. (1) Clogged air cleaner element: (2) Air leakage between turbocharger and cylinder head: (3) Clogged, seized fuel injection nozzle: (4) Defective contact of valve, valve seat: (5) Worn piston ring, cylinder: Step 3 The calculation in Step 2 show that the closest relationship is with [Clogged air cleaner element]. Follow this column down to the troubleshooting area and carry out the troubleshooting item marked . The Remedy is given as [Clean], so carry out cleaning, and the exhaust gas color should return to normal.

95-3 SERIES

12-105

TROUBLESHOOTING

POINTS TO REMEMBER WHEN TROUBLESHOOTING

POINTS TO REMEMBER WHEN TROUBLESHOOTING Troubleshooting means locating the basic cause of the failure, and carrying out swift repairs, and ensuring that the failure does not occur again. When carrying out troubleshooting, it is of course important to understand the structure and function. But to carry out the troubleshooting effectively, a quick method is to carry out troubleshooting using the problems mentioned by the operator as a guide in locating the cause. 1. Do not disassemble the machine simply because there is a failure If the machine is disassembled immediately just because there is a failure: • Unrelated or unnecessary places are also disassembled • It becomes difficult to locate the cause of the failure This means that there is not only a waste of time and money on replacement parts, oil, and grease, but this action will also lose the confidence of the user and operator. For this reason also, it is important to carry out troubleshooting based on full investigation before starting and troubleshooting following before the correct order. 2. Questions to ask the user and operator 1) Are there any problems other than those already reported? 2) Did anything unusual happen before the failure occurred? 3) Did the failure occur suddenly, or had the condition of the machine been poor before the failure occurred? 4) What were the conditions when the failure occurred? 5) Had any repairs been carried out before the failure occurred? 6) Had any similar failure occurred before?

4. Confirming failure Check the degree of the problem to judge for yourself if it is really a failure, or if there is some problem in the handling or operation of the machine. a When driving the machine and re-enacting the failure, be sure that the investigation or measurement does not make the failure worse. 5. Troubleshooting Narrow down the cause of the failure from the results of the questions and checks in the above Items 2 – 4, then follow the troubleshooting flow charts to locate the failure. a Basic procedure for troubleshooting 1) Start from the simple places. 2) Start from the most probable places. 3) Investigate related parts also. 6. Basic action to remedy cause of failure Even if the failure is repaired, if the root cause of the failure is not repaired, the same failure will occur again. To prevent this, it is necessary to investigate why the failure occurred, and to remove the root cause of the failure.

3. Check before troubleshooting 1) Check the oil level. 2) Check for any external leakage of oil from the piping and hydraulic equipment. 3) Check the travel of the control levers. 4) Other maintenance items can also be carried out visually, so carry out any check that is considered necessary.

12-106

95-3 SERIES

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-1

S-1 Starting performance is poor (starting always takes time) a Check that the monitor panel does not display any abnormality in the governor control system. General causes why exhaust smoke comes out but engine takes time to start • Defective electrical system • Insufficient supply of fuel • Insufficient intake of air • Improper selection of fuel (At ambient temperature of 10ºC or below, use ASTM D975 No. 1) a Battery charging rate Charging rate Ambient temperature

100%

90%

80%

75%

70%

20ºC

1.28

1.26

1.24

1.23

1.22

0ºC

1.29

1.27

1.25

1.24

1.23

–10ºC

1.30

1.28

1.26

1.25

1.24



The specific gravity should exceed the value for the charging rate of 70% in the above table. In cold areas the specific gravity must exceed the value for the charging rate of 75% in the above table. Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause

Wor n Defe piston r Clog ctive co ing, cyl i n Clogged air tact of nder c v Clogged fue leaner alve, va e l Elec ged fee filter, st lement lve sea t d r t Glowrical int pump ainer s a Defe plug ke air h trainer eate Defective re r gula c t i Aux v to Defe e alt erna r c star iliary t i v Defe e or tor ting dete c syst t i v Defe e fu riora em e c l t e t i i n jecti d bat Defe ve fu o e t e c n l r t i Lea ive fu njecti nozzl y o e k e Clog age, clo l injecti n timing on g ged air b ging, ai pump ( r reat her in fuel rack, pl pipin ung hole er s g in fu tuck el ta ) nk c ap



Causes

Operated for long period Gradually became worse Starts when warm Indicator lamp does not light up Engine oil must be added more frequently Replacement of filters has not been carried out according to Operation Manual Non-specified fuel is being used Dust indicator is red Battery charge lamp is ON Starting motor cranks engine slowly When exhaust manifold is touched immediately after starting engine, temperature of some cylinders is low Engine does not pick up smoothly, and combustion is irregular Blow-by gas is excessive Match marks on fuel injection pump are out of alignment Mud is stuck to fuel tank cap When engine is cranked with starting motor, 1) Little fuel comes out even when fuel injection pipe sleeve nut is loosened 2) Little fuel comes out even when fuel filter air bleed plug is loosened Leakage from fuel piping There is hunting from engine (rotation is irregular) Ease of starting

95-3 SERIES

Clean

Correct

Replace

Adjust

Replace

Replace

Replace

Replace

Replace

Replace

Clean

Clean

Clean

Remedy

Correct

When compression pressure is measured, it is found to be low When air cleaner element is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged When fuel filter, strainer are inspected directly, they are found to be clogged When feed pump strainer is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged Glow plug mount does not become warm Is voltage 26 – 30V between alternator terminal Yes B and terminal E with engine at low idling? No Either specific gravity of electrolyte or voltage of battery is low Speed does not change when operation of certain cylinders is stopped When check is made using delivery method, injection timing is found to be incorrect When control rack is pushed, it is found to be heavy or does not return (when blind cover at rear of pump is removed, it can be seen that plunger control sleeve does not move) When fuel tank cap is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged Replace

Troubleshooting

Check items

Questions

Confirm recent repair history Degree of use of machine

12-107

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-2

S-2 Engine does not start (1) Engine does not turn General causes why engine does not turn • Internal parts of engine seized a If internal parts of the engine are seized, carry out troubleshooting for "Engine stops during operations". • Failure in power train • Defective electrical system

Questions

Defe

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

ctiv Defe e wirin g of ctiv star Defe e or de terio ting circ ctive rate uit s Brok tarti ng m d batte en ry otor Defe ring ge ar ctiv Defe e safet y re ctin lay o Defe ve batt r sa ery ctive fety rela swit batt Defe y ch ery ctive term fuel Defe i n a l con cut s ctive ncet ole adju Defe ion stme noid ctiv nt o Defe e engin f e n e sto ctive gine pm stop star o ting mot swit tor or w ch ire

Causes

Confirm recent repair history Degree of use

Operated for long period

Condition of horn when starting

Horn does not sound

switch is turned ON

Horn sound level is low Makes grating noise

turned to START, pinion

Soon disengages again

moves out, but

Makes rattling noise and

does not turn When starting switch is turned to START, pinion does not move out When starting switch is turned to ON, there is no clicking sound Battery terminal is loose When starting switch is turned to ON, linkage dose not move When battery is checked, battery electrolyte is found to be low Specific gravity of electrolyte, voltage of battery is low For the following conditions 1) – 5), turn the starting switch OFF, connect the cord, and carry out troubleshooting at ON 1) When terminal B and terminal C of starting switch are connected, engine starts

Troubleshooting

2) When terminal B and terminal C of starting motor are connected, engine starts 3) When terminal B and terminal C of safety relay are connected, engine starts 4) When terminal of safety switch and terminal B of starting motor are connected, engine starts 5) There is no 24V voltage between battery relay terminal b and terminal E When ring gear is inspected directly, tooth surface is found to be chipped Does not move even when fuel cut solenoid linkage is disconnected

Carry out troubleshooting for defective wiring of starting circuit

Check items

Roaing speed is slow When starting switch is

12-108

Replace

Replace

Adjust

Replace

Replace

Replace

Replace

Replace



Replace

Remedy

Replace

Does not move even when engine stop motor linkage is disconnected

95-3 SERIES

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-2

(2) Engine turns but no exhaust smoke comes out (fuel is not being injected) General causes why engine turns but no exhaust smoke comes out • Supply of fuel impossible • Supply of fuel is extremely small • Improper selection of fuel (particularly in winter) a Standards for use of fuel Ambient temprature Type of fuel

–22 –4 14 –30 –20 –10

32 0

50 10

68 20

86 104°F 30 40°C

ASTM D975 No.2 Diesel fuel

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

Brok en Defe fuel inje ction ctive p fuel Seiz injec ump dr ed, ive s tion Clog broken haft ged feed pump (r , key fuel ack, Clog filter pump p plun ged i , s ger s t o t f rain eed n Lack s eiz er pum ed) of fu p s e train Clog l er ged , lea Clog king ged fuel fuel pipin Defe tank g ctive air b fuel Defe cut s reathe ctive r ho o le e le Imp rope ngine s noid top r fue mot l use or d

Causes

ASTM D975 No.1

Questions

Confirm recent repair history Degree of use

Operated for long period

Exhaust smoke suddenly stops coming out (when starting again) Replacement of filters has not been carried out according to operation manual Fuel tank is found to be empty There is leakage from fuel piping Mud is stuck to fuel tank cap

Check items

When starting switch is turned ON, linkage does not move When fuel filter is drained, fuel does not come out When engine is cranked with starting motor, 1) Fuel injection pump coupling does not rotate 2) No fuel comes out even when fuel filter air bleed plug is loosened 3) No fuel spurts out even when fuel injection pipe sleeve nut is loosened Rust and water are found when fuel tank is drained

Troubleshooting

Check fuel injection pump directly When control rack is pushed, it is found to be heavy, or does not return Check feed pump directly When fuel filter, strainer are inspected directly, they are found to be clogged When feed pump strainer is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged When fuel tank cap is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged Does not move even when fuel cut solenoid linkage is disconnected

95-3 SERIES

Replace

Replace

Replace

Repair

Repair

Add

Clean

Clean

Replace

Replace

Remedy

Replace

Does not move even when engine stop motor linkage is disconnected

12-109

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-2

(3) Exhaust smoke comes out but engine does not start (Fuel is being injected) a General causes why exhaust smoke comes out but engine does not start • Lack of rotating force due to defective electrical system • Insufficient supply of fuel • Insufficient intake of air • Improper selection of fuel and oil

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

Defe ctive , bro Defe ctive ken valv e sy fu Wor stem n pis el injec (valv t i t on p o n rin e, ro Clog ump cker g, cy ged (rac leve l f i u n el fil Clog der k, pl r, etc ter, liner ung ged . stra e feed r stu ) Clog iner ck) p u ged m p air c stra Elec iner lean tric e Glow al intake r eleme nt a pl ir he Defe ug ater ctive o Aux Lea kage r deterio star iliary r , a c ting t Clog logg ed b syst ing, a ged em air in ttery fuel Clog i n f u j ectio ged el sy air b n no stem Imp reat zzle rope her r fue hole , defect l use iv in fu d el ta e spray nk c ap

Causes

Confirm recent repair history Degree of use of machine

Operated for long period

Questions

Suddenly failed to start When engine is cranked, abnormal noise is heard from around cylinder head Engine oil must be added more frequently Non-specified fuel is being used Replacement of filters has not been carried out according to Operation Manual Rust and water are found when fuel tank is drained Dust indicator is red Indicator lamp does not light up Starting motor cranks engine slowly Mud is stuck to fuel tank cap

Check items

When fuel lever is placed at FULL position, it does not contact stopper When engine is cranked with starting motor, 1) Little fuel comes out even when fuel injection pipe sleeve nut is loosened 2) Little fuel comes out even when fuel filter air bleed plug is loosened There is leakage from fuel piping When exhaust manifold is touched immediately after starting engine, temperature of some cylinders is low When fuel filter is drained, no fuel comes out Remove head cover and check directly When control rack is pushed, it is found to be heavy, or does not return Troubleshooting

When compression pressure is measured, it is found to be low When fuel filter, strainer are inspected directly, they are found to be clogged When feed pump strainer is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged When air cleaner element is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged Glow plug mount does not become warm Either specific gravity of electrolyte or voltage of battery is low When feed pump is operated, operation is too light or too heavy Speed does not change when operation of certain cylinders is stopped

12-110

Replace

Clean

Clean

Correct

Replace

Replace

Replace

Clean

Clean

Clean

Replace

Replace

Remedy

Replace

When fuel tank cap is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged

95-3 SERIES

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-3

S-3 Engine does not pick up smoothly (follow-up is poor) a Check that the monitor panel does not display any abnormality in the governor control system. General causes why engine does not pick up smoothly • Insufficient intake of air • Insufficient supply of fuel • Improper condition of fuel injection • Improper fuel used

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

Clog ged air c lean Clog er e ged leme fuel nt filter Clog , str ged aine feed r Clog pum ged p str injec aine r tion Seiz nozz ed in le, d jecti e o Wor fecti n pu n pis ve s mp ton plun pray ring g Seiz e r , cyl ed t inde urbo r line char Imp r ger, rope inter r va lve c fere Clog nce lear ged ance air b reat Clog her ged hole , lea in fu king Defe el ta fuel ctive nk c pipin cont ap g act o f val ve a nd v alve seat

Causes

Confirm recent repair history

Questions

Degree of use of machine

Operated for long period

Replacement of filters has not been carried out according to Operation Manual Non-specified fuel is being used Engine oil must be added more frequently Rust and water are found when fuel tank is drained Dust indicator is red Noise of interference is heard from around turbocharger Engine pick-up suddenly became poor Color of exhaust gas

Blue under light load Black

Check items

Clanging sound is heard from around cylinder head Mud is stuck to fuel tank cap There is leakage from fuel piping High idling speed is normal, but speed suddenly drops when load is applied There is hunting from engine (rotation is irregular) When exhaust manifold is touched immediately after starting engine, temperature of some cylinders is low Blow-by gas is excessive When air cleaner element is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged When fuel filter, strainer are inspected directly, they are found to be clogged When feed pump strainer is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged

Troubleshooting

Speed does not change when operation of certain cylinders is stopped When control rack is pushed, it is found to be heavy, or does not return When compression pressure is measured, it is found to be low When turbocharger is rotated by hand, it is found to be heavy When valve clearance is checked directly, it is found to be outside standard value When fuel tank cap is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged

95-3 SERIES

Replace

Correct

Clean

Adjust

Replace

Replace

Replace

Correct

Clean

Clean

Remedy

Clean

When feed pump is operated, operation is too light or too heavy

12-111

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-4

S-4 Engine stops during operations General causes why engine stops during operations • Seized parts inside engine • Insufficient supply of fuel • Overheating a If there is overheating and insufficient output, carry out troubleshooting for overheating. • Failure in power train a If the engine stops because of a failure in the power train, carry out troubleshooting for the chassis.

Brok

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

en, seiz Brok ed p en, iston seiz , con Brok n en v ed cran alve ksha ecting r Brok od s ft be y en, s t e arin m (v seiz g Brok alve en p ed gea , roc r tra ump ker Brok in leve auxi en f r, et l i a u ry e el in c.) Lack q jecti u i p of fu men on p e t Clog l ump ged drive fuel shaf Clog filter t, ke ged , stra y feed Brok iner pum en, p s stra eize Clog iner df ged , lea eed pu Clog mp king ged pis fuel fue pipin ton Defe g ctive l tank a ir br inj Failu re in ection p eather h ump ole chas (r sis p owe ack, plu r tra nge r stu in ck)

Causes

Confirm recent repair history Operated for long period Degree of use

Questions

Abnormal noise was heard and engine Condition when engine stopped

stopped suddenly Engine overheated and stopped Engine stopped slowly There was hunting and engine stopped

Replacement of filters has not been carried out according to operation manual Non-specified fuel is being used Fuel gauge lamp lights up Fuel tank is found to be empty When feed pump is operated, there is no response or it is heavy Engine turns, but stops when transmission control lever is operated Try to turn by hand using barring tool

Does not turn at all Turns in opposite direction Moves amount of backlash

Carry out troubleshooting in chassis volume

Check items

Mud is stuck to fuel tank cap

Shaft does not turn

Rust and water are found when fuel is drained Metal particles are found when oil is drained Remove oil pan and check directly Remove head cover and check directly

Troubleshooting

When gear train is inspected, it does not turn Turns when pump auxiliary equipment is removed When fuel filter, strainer are inspected directly, they are found to be clogged When feed pump strainer is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged Check feed pump directly When control rack is pushed, it is found to be heavy or does not

12-112

Replace

Clean

Repair

Replace

Clean

Clean

Add

Replace

Replace

Replace

Replace

Replace

Remedy

Replace

return –

95-3 SERIES

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-5

S-5 Engine does not rotate smoothly (hunting) General causes why engine does not rotate smoothly • Air in fuel system • Defective governor mechanism • Defective electric governor mechanism a If hunting does not occur when the rod between the governor motor and the injection pump is disconnected, troubleshoot by using the electrical system troubleshooting (E mode).

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

Defe ctive ope ratio Defe n of ctive gove adju rnor Defe stme ctive nt o f go ope vern ratio Low or n of idlin cont g sp rol r eed Lack ack is to of fu o low el Clog ged feed Clog pum p str ged aine fuel r f ilter, Clog ged s t r aine , air r in ci Clog rcuit ged, betw air in een circu Clog fuel it be ged tank twee air b n fee and reat d pu feed her mp a hole pum nd fu p in fu e l el ta injec nk c tion nozz ap le

Causes

Confirm recent repair history Degree of use of machine

Operated for long period

Questions

Occurs at a certain speed range Condition of hunting

Occurs at low idling Occurs even when speed is raised Occurs on slopes

Replacement of filters has not been carried out according to Operation Manual Fuel tank is found to be empty Rust, water are found when fuel tank is drained Leakage from fuel piping Check items

When feed pump is operated, 1) No response, light, return is quick 2) No response, light, return is normal Engine speed sometimes rises too far Engine is sometimes difficult to stop Seal on injection pump has come off When governor lever is moved it is found to be stiff When injection pump is tested, governor is found to be improperly Troubleshooting

adjusted When control rack is pushed, it is found to be heavy, or does not return When fuel tank cap is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged When feed pump strainer is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged When fuel filter, strainer are inspected directly, they are found to

95-3 SERIES

Clean

Correct

Correct

Clean

Clean

Add

Adjust

Adjust

Adjust

Remedy

Adjust

be clogged

12-113

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-6

S-6 Engine lacks output (no power) General causes why engine lacks output • Insufficient intake of air • Insufficient supply of fuel • Improper condition of fuel injection • Improper fuel used (if non-specified fuel is used, output drops) • Lack of output due to overheating a If there is overheating and insufficient output, carry out troubleshooting for overheating.

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

Clog ged air c Seiz lean ed t er e u rboc Wor harg lement n pis t o n rin er, inter Clog fere g, cy ged nce li fuel Clog filter nder lin ged er , s train feed Clog er pum ged ps fuel Seiz injec trainer ed f tion uel Imp rope injectio nozzle, n pu defe r v al Defe ctive ve clea mp plun ctive sp r ray ger a c nce Ben onta t fue c l con t of val Clog ve a tro ged , lea l linkage nd valv Clog king e se , de ged fe a fuel air b pipin ctive ad t reat g justm her ent hole in fu el ta nk c ap

Causes

Confirm recent repair history Degree of use of machine

Operated for long period

Questions

Power was lost

Suddenly

Gradually Engine oil must be added more frequently Replacement of filters has not been carried out according to Operation Manual Non-specified fuel is being used Dust indicator is red Color of exhaust gas

Black Blue under light load

Noise of interference is heard from around turbocharger Blow-by gas is excessive Check items

Engine pickup is poor and combustion is irregular High idling speed is normal, but speed suddenly drops when load is applied When exhaust manifold is touched immediately after starting engine, temperature of some cylinders is low There is hunting from engine (rotation is irregular) Clanging sound is heard from around cylinder head High idling speed of engine is low Leakage from fuel piping When air cleaner element is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged When turbocharger is rotated by hand, it is found to be heavy

Troubleshooting

When compression pressure is measured, it is found to be low When fuel filter, strainer are inspected directly, they are found to be clogged When feed pump strainer is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged Speed does not change when operation of certain cylinders is stopped When control rack is pushed, it is found to be heavy, or does not return When valve clearance is checked directly, it is found to be outside standard value When lever is placed at FULL position, it does not contact stopper When feed pump is operated, operation is too light or too heavy

12-114

Clean

Correct

Adjust

Replace

Adjust

Replace

Correct

Clean

Clean

Replace

Replace

Remedy

Clean

When fuel tank cap is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged

95-3 SERIES

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-7

S-7 Exhaust smoke is black (incomplete combustion) General causes why exhaust smoke is black • Insufficient intake of air • Improper condition of fuel injection • Excessive injection of fuel

Seiz

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

ed t urbo char Clog ger, ged inter air c fere lean Wor nce er e n pis l eme ton nt ring Clog , cyl ged inde fuel r line injec Imp r rope tion nozz r fue l inje le, d Defe efec ction ctive tive timin fuel spra g Imp i n j y e rope ction r va p ump lve c Crus (exc lear hed essi ance , clo ve in gge Leak jecti dm age on) uffle of air r Defe b etwe ctive en tu cont rboc Defe act o harg ctive er an f val ve a d cy injec linde nd v tion r hea alve pum d seat p (ra ck, p lung er s eize d)

Causes

Confirm recent repair history Degree of use of machine

Operated for long period Suddenly became black

Questions

Color of exhaust gas

Gradually became black Blue under light load

Engine oil must be added more frequently Power was lost

Suddenly Gradually

Non-specified fuel is being used Noise of interference is heard from around turbocharger Dust indicator is red Blow-by gas is excessive Engine pickup is poor and combustion is irregular

Check items

When exhaust manifold is touched immediately after starting engine, temperature of some cylinders is low Match marks on fuel injection pump are out of alignment Seal on fuel injection pump has come off Clanging sound is heard from around cylinder head Exhaust noise is abnormal Muffler is crushed Leakage of air between turbocharger and cylinder head, loose clamp When turbocharger is rotated by hand, it is found to be heavy

Troubleshooting

When air cleaner is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged When compression pressure is measured, it is found to be low Speed does not change when operation of certain cylinders is stopped When check is made using delivery method, injection timing is found to be incorrect Fuel injection pump test shows that fuel injection amount is incorrect When valve clearance is checked directly it is found to be outside standard value When muffler is removed, exhaust color returns to normal

95-3 SERIES

Replace

Replace

Correct

Replace

Adjust

Adjust

Adjust

Replace

Replace

Clean

Remedy

Replace

When control rack is pushed, it is found to be heavy, or does not return

12-115

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-8

S-8 Oil consumption is excessive or exhaust smoke is blue a Do not run the engine at idling for more than 20 minutes continuously. (Both low and high idling) General causes why oil consumption is excessive • Abnormal combustion of oil • External leakage of oil • Wear of lubrication system

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

Brok en p iston Wor ring n pis ton ring Clog , cyl ged inde brea r line ther Lea r kage or b reat from her Lea o i hose l filte kage r or from o i l cool Lea oil p kage er iping from Lea o il dra kage in pl from ug Brok oil p en o an o il co r cyl oler inde Wor r he n se ad al at turb Wor ine e n se nd al at blow Wor er e n, b roke nd Turb n re Dus ocha ar s t suc rger eal, ked seal in fr Wor s u o r n va m in face lve ( take stem syst em , gu ide) , bro ken seal

Causes

Confirm recent repair history

Questions

Degree of use of machine

Operated for long period

Oil consumption suddenly increased Engine oil must be added more frequently Engine oil becomes contaminated quickly Exhaust smoke is blue under light load Amount of blow-by gas

Excessive None

Area around engine is dirty with oil Check items

There is oil in engine cooling water When exhaust pipe is removed, inside is found to be dirty with oil When turbocharger air supply pipe is removed, inside is found to be dirty with oil Oil level in clutch or TORQFLOW transmission damper chamber rises Clamps for intake system are loose When compression pressure is measured, it is found to be low

Check items

When breather element is inspected, it is found to be clogged with dirty oil There is external leakage of oil from engine Pressure-tightness test of oil cooler shows there is leakage Excessive play of turbocharger shaft Inspect rear seal directly When intake manifold is removed, dust is found inside

12-116

Correct

Correct

Correct

Replace

Replace

Replace

Correct

Correct

Correct

Correct

Clean

Replace

Remedy

Replace

When intake manifold is removed, inside is found to be dirty with oil

95-3 SERIES

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-9

S-9 Oil becomes contaminated quickly General causes why oil becomes contaminated quickly • Intake of exhaust gas due to internal wear • Clogging of lubrication passage • Improper fuel • Improper oil used • Operation under excessive load

Wor

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

n pis ton ring Clog , cyl ged inde brea r line ther Clog r , bre ged athe oil fi r ho lter Wor se n va lve, valv Clog e gu ged ide oil c oole Clog r ged turb ocha Defe rger ctive drai seal n tu Defe at tu be ctive rboc harg safe Exh e t y va r tur aust lve bine smo end ke is blac k

Causes

Questions

Confirm recent repair history Degree of use of machine

Operated for long period

Engine oil must be added more frequently Non-specified oil is being used Color of exhaust gas

Blue under light load Black Excessive

Carry out troubleshooting for S-7 "Exhaust smoke is black".

Check items

Amount of blow-by gas

None Oil filter caution lamp stays on even when oil pressure rises When oil filter is inspected, metal particles are found When exhaust pipe is removed, inside is found to be dirty with oil Engine oil temperature rises quickly When compression pressure is measured, it is found to be low

Troubleshooting

When breather element is inspected directly, hose is broken or is found to be clogged with dirty oil When oil filter is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged When oil cooler is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged Turbocharger drain tube is clogged Excessive play of turbocharger shaft When safety valve is directly inspected, spring is found to be

95-3 SERIES

Replace

Replace

Clean

Clean

Replace

Replace

Clean

Remedy

Replace

catching or broken



12-117

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-10

S-10 Fuel consumption is excessive General causes why fuel consumption is excessive • Leakage of fuel • Improper condition of fuel injection • Excessive injection of fuel

Defe

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

ctive fuel injec Defe tion ctive pum fuel p (e Defe injec xces ctive tion sive nozz fuel injec Defe le sp injec tion) ctive ray tion p fuel ump Exte injec plun rnal tion ger leak timin age Lea g from kage fuel of fu pipin el in Defe g, fu side ctive el fil cylin oil s ter der Defe eal i hea nsid ctive d e cove adju feed r stme pum nt o p (p f fue iston l con ) trol linka ge

Causes

Confirm recent repair history Questions

Degree of use of machine

Operated for long period

More than for other machines of same model Condition of fuel consumption

Gradually increased Suddenly increased

Exhaust smoke

Black

color

White

Seal on fuel injection pump has come off

Check items

There is irregular combustion When exhaust manifold is touched immediately after starting engine, temperature of some cylinders is low Match mark on fuel injection pump is misaligned There is external leakage of fuel from engine Engine oil level rises and smells of diesel fuel Engine low idling speed is high Fuel injection pump measurement shows that fuel injection amount is excessive Troubleshooting

Speed does not change when operation of certain cylinders is stopped When control rack is pushed, it is found to be heavy, or does not return When check is made using delivery method, fuel injection timing is found to be incorrect Remove head cover and inspect directly Remove feed pump and inspect directly

12-118

Adjust

Correct

Correct

Correct

Adjust

Replace

Replace

Remedy

Adjust

When engine speed is measured, low idling speed is found to be high

95-3 SERIES

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-11

S-11 Oil is in cooling water, or water spurts back, or water level goes down General causes why oil is in cooling water • Internal leakage in lubrication system • Internal leakage in cooling system

Brok

Brok

Replace

Replace

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

en o il co oler core en c , Oylind ring er h Brok e en o ad, hea il co d ga oler Inte sket for p rnal owe crac r tra ks in i n cylin der bloc k

Causes

Questions

Confirm recent repair history Degree of use of machine Oil level

Operated for long period Suddenly increased Gradually increased

Hard water is being used as cooling water

Excessive air bubbles inside radiator, spurts back Hydraulic oil, torque converter, transmission oil is cloudy white When hydraulic oil, torque converter, transmission oil is drained, water is found Pressure-tightness test of oil cooler shows there is leakage Pressure-tightness test of cylinder head shows there is leakage

Remedy

95-3 SERIES

Replace

Remove oil pan and inspect directly Replace

Troubleshooting

Check items

Engine oil level has risen, oil is cloudy white

12-119

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-12

S-12 Oil pressure caution lamp lights up (drop in oil pressure) General causes why oil pressure lamp lights up • Leakage, clogging, wear of lubricating system • Defective oil pressure control • Improper oil used (improper viscosity) • Deterioration of oil due to overheating a Standards for engine oil selection Ambient temprature Type of oil

–22 –4 14 –30 –20 –10

32 0

50 10

68 20

86 104°F 30 40°C

Causes

Wor

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

Clean

SAE 15W-40

Clog

SAE 10W-30

Clean

SAE 10W Engine oil

ged oil fi lter n be arin g , jou Clog rnal ged stra iner Clog insid ged e oil , bro pan ken Brok oil p en s ipe i uctio nsid n pip Defe e oil e br ctive pan azin oil p g Lack ump of o il in oil p Defe an ctive regu Defe lator ctive valv e main Lea r e l king ief v , cru alve shed Defe hydr ctive aulic oil le pipin Defe vel s g ctive enso oil p r Wat ress er, f u re s uel i enso n oil r

SAE 30

Confirm recent repair history

Questions

Degree of use of machine

Operated for long period

Replacement of filters has not been carried out according to Operation Manual Caution lamp lights up Non-specified oil is being used

Lights up at low idling Condition when oil pressure

Lights up at low, high idling

lamp lights up

Lights up on slopes

Check items

Sometimes lights up There is clogging, leakage from hydraulic piping (external) Oil level sensor lamp lights up When oil level in oil pan is checked, it is found to be low Metal particles are found when oil is drained Metal particles are stuck to oil filter element Carry out troubleshooting for S-13 "Oil level rises".

Oil is cloudy white or smells of diesel oil

When oil filter is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged Troubleshooting

Remove oil pan and inspect directly Oil pump rotation is heavy, there is play There is catching of relief valve or regulator valve, spring or valve guide is broken When oil level sensor is replaced, oil pressure sensor lamp goes out When oil pressure is measured, it is found to be within standard

12-120

Replace

Replace

Correct

Adjust

Adjust

Add

Replace

Correct

Clean

Remedy

Clean

value



95-3 SERIES

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-13

S-13 Oil level rises (water, fuel in oil) a If there is oil in the cooling water, carry out troubleshooting for "Oil is in cooling water". General causes why oil level rises • Water in oil • Fuel in oil (diluted, and smells of diesel fuel) • Entry of oil from other component

Questions

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

Brok en o il co oler Defe core ctive , Onozz ring Brok le ho en c lder ylind slee er h Clog ve ead ged , he wate ad g r pu Wor aske mp n, d t (pr brea ama ecom ther ged Defe bust hole r ear ctive ion c , de seal main fecti ham s u Lea r ve s face ber) pum kage eal p se of fu a l el in Defe side ctive cylin part der Defe insid hea ctive e fu d co el in ther ver jecti Crac mos on p tat s ks in ump eat side port (flan cylin ion ge t der ype) bloc k

Causes

Confirm recent repair history Degree of use of machine

Operated for long period

There is oil in radiator cooling water Exhaust smoke is white When engine is first started, drops of water come from muffler Leave radiator cap open. When engine is run at idling, an

Check items

abnormal number of bubbles appear, or water spurts back Water pump breather hole is clogged with mud When water pump breather hole is cleaned, water comes out Oil level goes down in clutch, TORQFLOW transmission or damper chamber Oil level goes down in hydraulic tank Engine oil smells of diesel fuel Fuel must be added more frequently Pressure-tightness test of oil cooler shows there is leakage Pressure-tightness test of cylinder head shows there is leakage Troubleshooting

When compression pressure is measured, it is found to be low Remove water pump and inspect directly Remove rear seal and inspect directly When main pump is removed, seal is found to be damaged Remove head cover and inspect directly Remove fuel injection pump and inspect directly Defective contact of thermostat seat valve

95-3 SERIES

Replace

Replace

Replace

Correct

Replace

Correct

Replace

Replace

Replace

Remedy

Replace

Remove oil pan and check directly

12-121

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-14

S-14 Water temperature becomes too high (overheating) General causes why water temperature becomes too high • Lack of cooling air (deformation, damage of fan) • Drop in heat dissipation efficiency • Defective cooling circulation system • Power train oil temperature rises excessively a Carry out troubleshooting for chassis.

Brok

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

en w ater Clog pum p ged , cru shed Clog radi ged ator radi fins ator Defe c ore ctive ther Defe mos tat ( ctive doe wate s no Insu r t t op e mpe fficie en) ratu nt co re g oling Fan a u belt ge wate slipp r ing, Clog worn ged , bro fan ken pulle Defe oil c y ctive o oler pres Brok sure en c valv ylind e er h Torq e ue c ad, hea onve d ga rter sket oil te mpe ratu re to o hig

h

Causes

Confirm recent repair history

Questions

Degree of use of machine

Operated for long period Suddenly overheated

Condition of overheating

Always tends to overheat Rises quickly

Water temperature gauge

Does not go down

Radiator water level sensor lights up Fan belt whines under sudden load Cloudy white oil is floating on cooling water Cooling water flows out from overflow hose

Check items

Excessive air bubbles inside radiator, water spurts back Engine oil level has risen, oil is cloudy white There is play when fan pulley is rotated Radiator shroud, inside of underguard are clogged with dirt or mud When light bulb is held behind radiator, no light passes through Water is leaking because of cracks in hose or loose clamps When belt tension is inspected, it is found to be loose Power train oil temperature enters red range before engine water temperature Temperature difference between top and bottom radiator tanks is Carry out troubleshooting for chassis.

excessive Temperature difference between top and bottom radiator tanks is Troubleshooting

slight When water filler port is inspected, core is found to be clogged When function test is carried out on thermostat, it does not open even at cracking temperature When water temperature is measured, it is found to be normal When oil cooler is inspected directly, it is found to be clogged When measurement is made with radiator cap tester, set pressure is found to be low

12-122

Replace

Replace

Replace

Correct

Add

Replace

Replace

Correct

Correct

Remedy

Replace

When compression pressure is measured, it is found to be low



95-3 SERIES

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-15

S-15 Abnormal noise is made a Judge if the noise is an internal noise or an external noise. General causes why abnormal noise is made • Abnormality due to defective parts • Abnormal combustion • Air sucked in from intake system

Exc

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

essi ve w ear Seiz of p ed t iston urbo ring char Miss , cyl g er, i ing, inde nter seiz r line fere ed b Clog r nce ushi ged ng , sei zed Defe fuel ctive injec fuel tion Defe injec nozz ctive tion le pum fuel p (ra Defo injec c rme t k i o , n pu plun d fa mp ger n, fa Defe (exc seiz n be ctive e ed) s l t sive inter adju fuel fere Brok stme injec nce en d nt o tion) ynam f val ve c Imp ic va lear rope lve s a r ge n ce yste ar tr Lea m (v ain b kage alve ackl , of a rock ash ir be Defe er le twee ct in ver, n tu side etc.) rboc muf harg fler er a (divi nd c ding ylind boa er h rd o ead ut o f po sitio n)

Causes

Confirm recent repair history

Questions

Degree of use of machine Condition of abnormal noise

Operated for long period Gradually occurred Suddenly occurred

Non-specified fuel is being used Engine oil must be added more frequently Color of exhaust gas

Blue under light load Black

Metal particles are found in oil filter Blow-by gas is excessive

Check items

Noise of interference is heard from around turbocharger Engine pickup is poor and combustion is abnormal When exhaust manifold is touched immediately after starting engine, temperature of some cylinders is low Seal on injection pump has come off Abnormal noise is loud when accelerating engine Clanging sound is heard from around cylinder head Leakage of air between turbocharger and cylinder head, loose clamp Vibrating noise is heard from around muffler When compression pressure is measured, it is found to be low When turbocharger is rotated by hand, it is found to be heavy Troubleshooting

Remove gear cover and inspect directly Speed does not change when operation of certain cylinders is stopped When control rack is pushed, it is found to be heavy, or does not return Fuel injection pump test shows that fuel injection amount is incorrect Fan is deformed, belt is loose When valve clearance is checked, it is found to be outside standard value Remove cylinder head cover and inspect directly

95-3 SERIES

Replace

Replace

Replace

Correct

Replace

Correct

Replace

Correct

Replace

Replace

Replace

Remedy

Replace

When muffler is removed, abnormal noise disappears

12-123

TROUBLESHOOTING

S-16

S-16 Vibration is excessive a If there is abnormal noise together with the vibration, carry out troubleshooting for "Abnormal noise is made". General causes why vibration is excessive • Defective parts (abnormal wear, breakage) • Improper alignment • Abnormal combustion

Legend : Possible causes (judging from Questions and check items) : Most probable causes (judging from Questions and Check items) : Possible causes due to length of use (used for a long period) : Items to confirm the cause.

Wor n co nne cting Wor rod, n ca main mb ushi bea Wor ng ring n su ppo r t Loo p i l o se e t ngin em Brok oun en p ting art i bolts nsid Misa , bro e ou lignm ken tput cush ent shaf Imp betw ion t (da rope e en e mpe r ge n r g ) a ine a r tra Defe in ba nd p ctive owe ckla dyna s r tra h Defe mic in ctive valv e sy fuel stem injec (valv tion pum e, ro p (e cker xces leve sive r, et fuel c.) injec tion)

Causes

Questions

Confirm recent repair history Degree of use of machine Condition of vibration

Operated for long period Suddenly increased Gradually increased

Non-specified oil is being used Metal particles are found in oil filter Metal particles are found when oil is drained Check items

Oil pressure is low at low idling Vibration occurs at mid-range speed Vibration follows engine speed Exhaust smoke is black Seal on fuel injection pump has come off

Troubleshooting

Remove oil pan and inspect directly Remove side cover and inspect directly Check directly for worn support pilot, play Inspect directly for loose engine mounting bolts, broken cushion Inspect inside of output shaft (damper) directly When radial runout, face runout are measured, they are found to be outside standard value Remove front cover and inspect directly Remove cylinder head cover and inspect directly

12-124

Adjust

Replace

Correct

Correct

Replace

Replace

Replace

Replace

Remedy

Replace

Fuel injection pump test shows that fuel injection amount is incorrect

95-3 SERIES

TROUBLESHOOTING

TESTING AND ADJUSTING TOOL LIST

TESTING AND ADJUSTING TOOL LIST No. Testing and measuring item

Fault finding tool

Part No.

Multi-tachometer

799-203-8001

Clamp set or gear box

799-203-8000 6210-81-4111

Remarks Digital reading: L: 60 – 2,000 rpm H: 60 – 19,999 rpm

1

Engine speed

2

Battery S.G.

3

Freezing temperature of cooling water

4

Water temperature, oil temprature, air intake temperature

5

Exhaust temperature

6

Lubrication oil pressure

0 – 2 MPa {0 – 20 kg/cm2}

7

Fuel pressure

0 – 4.9 MPa {0 – 50 kg/cm2}

8

Intake pressure, exhaust pressure

9

Blow-by pressure

0 – 4.9 kPa {0 – 500 mmH2O}

10

Intake resistance

–0.98 – 0 kPa {–100 – 0 mmH2O}

11

Compression pressure

Compression gauge kit 795-502-1205 0 – 0.69 MPa {0 – 70 kg/cm2} • Adapter • 795-502-1370

12

Blow-by pressure

Blow-by checker

799-201-1504

0 – 4.9 kPa {0 – 500 mmH2O}

13

Valve clearance

Thickness gauge

795-125-1370

0.35, 0.50 mm

14

Exhaust gas color

Handy smoke checker

799-201-9000

Dirtiness 0 – 70% with standard color (Dirtiness % × 1/10 Bosch scale)

15

Water and fuel content in oil

Engine oil checker

799-201-6000

Provided with 0.1 and 0.2% water content standard sample

16

Fuel injection pressure Nozzle tester

Commercially available

0 – 29.4 MPa {0 – 300 kg/cm2}

Water quality tester

799-202-7001

PH, nitrite ion concentration

Radiator cap tester

799-202-9001

0 – 0.2 MPa {0 – 2 kg/cm2}

17

Fuel injection nozzle spray condition

18

Coolant quality

19

Pressure valve function

1.100 – 1.300 Battery, coolant tester

795-500-1001 –5 – –50ºC

Digital temperature gauge

Engine pressure measuring kit

799-101-1500

799-203-2002

–99.90 – 1,299ºC

0 – 133 kPa {0 – 1,000 mmHg}

20

Leakage in cooling system

21

Radiator blockage

Anemometer

799-202-2001

1 – 40 m/s

22

Engine cranking

Cranking kit

795-610-1000

Engine with DC 24 V starting motor

95-3 SERIES

12-125

TROUBLESHOOTING

TESTING AND ADJUSTING DATA

TESTING AND ADJUSTING DATA Engine model

S4D95LE-3 PC78US-6, PC78UU-6, PC78MR-6

Applicable machine model

Intake, exhaust system

Performance

Category

Item

Engine speed

Necessary starting speed

Unit

Standard value

Permissible value

rpm

2,050 ± 50

2,050 ± 50

Low idling speed

rpm

1,150 +50 +0

1,150 +50 +0

0ºC (without starting aid)

rpm

Min. 150

Min. 150

–20ºC (with starting aid)

rpm

Min. 100

Min. 100

kPa {mmH2O}

Max. 3.73 {Max. 380}

7.47 {762}

Measurement conditions High idling speed

Intake resistance

At all speed

Boost pressure

At rated flywheel horsepower

kPa {mmHg}





Exhaust pressure (Turbine inlet press.)

At rated flywheel horsepower

kPa {mmHg}





Exhaust temperature (Turbine inlet temp.)

All speed (20ºC)

ºC

Max. 650

700

Max. 4.0

6.0

Max. 2.0

3.5

Max. 1.0

2.0

mm

0.35



mm

0.5



Quick acceleration (Low idle high idle) Exhaust gas color

At rated flywheel horsepower

Bosch index

High idling speed

Cooling

Fuel

Lubrication system

Engine proper

Intake valve Valve clearance (When engine is hot or cold) Exhaust valve Compression pressure (SAE30 or SAE 15W-40)

Oil temperature: 40 – 60ºC (Engine speed: 320 – 360 rpm)

MPa {kg/cm2}

Min. 2.9 {Min. 30}

2.0 {20}

Blow-by pressure (SAE30 or SAE 15W-40)

At rated flywheel horsepower (Water temp: Min. 70ºC)

kPa {mmH2O}

Max. 0.49 {Max. 50}

0.98 {100}

At rated flywheel horsepower SAE30 or SAE15W-40 oil

MPa {kg/cm2}

0.34 – 0.54 {3.5 – 5.5}

0.25 {2.5}

MPa {kg/cm2}

0.29 – 0.49 {3.0 – 5.0}

0.21 {2.1}

MPa {kg/cm2}

Min. 0.18 {Min. 1.8}

0.15 {1.5}

MPa {kg/cm2}

Min. 0.15 {Min. 1.5}

0.13 {1.3}

Oil pressure (Oil temperature: Min. 80ºC)

SAE 10W oil At low idling SAE30 or SAE15W-40 oil SAE 10W oil

Oil temperature

All speed (Oil in oil pan)

ºC

90 – 110

120

Oil consumption ratio

At continuous rated horsepower (Ratio to fuel consumption)

%

Max. 0.5

1.0

Fuel injection pressure

Nozzle tester

MPa {kg/cm2}

20.1 – 21.1 {205 – 215}

16.7 {170}

Fuel injection timing

B.T.D.C.

degree

5 ± 0.5

12 ± 0.5

Radiator pressure valve

Opening pressure (Differential pressure)

MPa {kg/cm2}





Fan speed

At rated engine speed

rpm

1,850 ± 55

1,850 ± 55

Fan belt tension

Deflects when pushed with a force of 59 N{6 kg}

mm

8

7 – 10

a This STANDARD VALUE TABLE does not give the standard value for adjusting the engine output. Do not use the values in this table to change the setting for fuel injection pump.

12-126 (1)

95-3 SERIES

TROUBLESHOOTING

Standard value

Permissible value

TESTING AND ADJUSTING DATA

Standard value

Permissible value

Standard value

Permissible value

Standard value

Permissible value

a This STANDARD VALUE TABLE does not give the standard value for adjusting the engine output. Do not use the values in this table to change the setting for fuel injection pump.

95-3 SERIES

12-127 (1)

TROUBLESHOOTING

TESTING AND ADJUSTING DATA

Engine model

SAA4D95LE-3 PC138US-2, PC138USLC-2, PC130-7

Applicable machine model

Intake, exhaust system

Performance

Category

Item

Engine speed

Necessary starting speed

Unit

Standard value

Permissible value

High idling speed

rpm

2,400 ± 60

2,400 ± 60

Low idling speed

rpm

1,100 ± 50

1,100 ± 50

0ºC (without starting aid)

rpm

Min. 150

Min. 150

–20ºC (with starting aid)

rpm

Min. 100

Min. 100

kPa {mmH2O}

Max. 3.73 {Max. 380}

7.47 {762}

Measurement conditions

Intake resistance

At all speed

Boost pressure

At rated flywheel horsepower

kPa {mmHg}





Exhaust pressure (Turbine inlet press.)

At rated flywheel horsepower

kPa {mmHg}





Exhaust temperature (Turbine inlet temp.)

All speed (20ºC)

ºC

Max. 650

700

Max. 4.5 (only engine side)

4.5 (only engine side)

Max. 2.0

3.5

Max. 1.0

2.0

mm

0.35



mm

0.50



Quick acceleration (Low idle high idle) Exhaust gas color At rated flywheel horsepower

Bosch index

High idling speed

Cooling

Fuel

Lubrication system

Engine proper

Intake valve Valve clearance (When engine is hot or cold) Exhaust valve Compression pressure (SAE30 or SAE 15W-40)

Oil temperature: 40 – 60ºC (Engine speed: 320 – 360 rpm)

MPa {kg/cm2}

Min. 2.9 {Min. 30}

2.0 {20}

Blow-by pressure (SAE30 or SAE 15W-40)

At rated flywheel horsepower (Water temp: Min. 70ºC)

kPa {mmH2O}

Max. 0.49 {Max. 50}

0.98 {100}

At rated flywheel horsepower SAE30 or SAE15W-40 oil

MPa {kg/cm2}

0.34 – 0.61 {3.5 – 6.0}

0.25 {2.5}

MPa {kg/cm2}

0.29 – 0.49 {3.0 – 5.0}

0.21 {2.1}

MPa {kg/cm2}

Min. 0.18 {Min. 1.8}

0.15 {1.5}

MPa {kg/cm2}

Min. 0.15 {Min. 1.5}

0.13 {1.3}

Oil pressure (Oil temperature: Min. 80ºC)

SAE 10W oil At low idling SAE30 or SAE15W-40 oil SAE 10W oil

Oil temperature

All speed (Oil in oil pan)

ºC

90 – 110

120

Oil consumption ratio

At continuous rated horsepower (Ratio to fuel consumption)

%

Max. 0.5

1.0

Fuel injection pressure

Nozzle tester

MPa {kg/cm2}

20.1 – 21.1 {205 – 215}

16.7 {170}

Fuel injection timing

B.T.D.C.

degree

6 ± 0.8

6 ± 0.8

Radiator pressure valve

Opening pressure (Differential pressure)

MPa {kg/cm2}





Fan speed

At rated engine speed

rpm

1,980 ± 60

1,980 ± 60

Fan belt tension

Deflects when pushed with a force of 59 N{6 kg}

mm

6

6 – 10

a This STANDARD VALUE TABLE does not give the standard value for adjusting the engine output. Do not use the values in this table to change the setting for fuel injection pump.

12-128 (1)

95-3 SERIES

13 DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY SPECIAL TOOL LIST ................................................................................................................................... 13- 2 OVERALL DISASSEMBLY, ASSEMBLY ...................................................................................................... 13- 3 DISASSEMBLY ............................................................................................................................................ 13- 4 ASSEMBLY .................................................................................................................................................. 13- 16

a The description of the procedure for overall disassembly and assembly of the engine given in this section gives the procedure and operation when using a repair stand. a If the machine model or the engine stand are different, the actual procedure may be different from the procedure given in this section, but the work is basically the same.

95-3 SERIES

13-1

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

SPECIAL TOOL LIST

SPECIAL TOOL LIST a Tools with part number 79QT-QQQ-QQQQ cannot be supplied (they are items to be locally manufactured). a Necessity: t: ..........Cannot be substituted, should always be installed (used) q: ..........Extremely useful if available, can be substituted with commercially available part a New/remodel: N: ..........Tools with new part numbers, newly developed for this model R: ..........Tools with upgraded part numbers, remodeled from items already available for other models Blank: ....Tools already available for other models, used without any modification

Component

Disassembly, assembly of engine

Removal, installation of valve cotter

Symbol

Part No.

Part Name

Necessity Q’ty

New/ Sketch remodeled

Nature of work, remarks

A

790-501-2001

Engine repair stand

t

1

Turning engine

B

790-901-1250

Bracket

t

1

Installation of engine to repair stand

795-102-2102

Spring pusher (kit)

q

1

• 795-102-2110

• Handle

1

• 795-102-2150

• Bracket

1

C

• 795-102-2130

• Bracket

1

• 795-102-2170

• Stud

1

• 01016-50830

• Bolt

1

• 01580-10806

• Nut

2

Installation of spring, spring seat, and cotter to intake and exhaust valves

Pulling out valve guide

D

795-100-4710

Remover

q

1

Pulling out valve guide

Press fitting of valve guide

D1

795-100-4720

Guide driver

t

1

Press fitting of valve guide

Removal, installation of piston ring

E

795-100-2800

Piston ring tool

t

1

Installation of piston ring to piston

790-101-5201

Push tool (kit)

t

1

• 790-101-5271

• Plate

1

• 790-101-5221

• Grip

1

• 01010-51225

• Bolt

1

790-101-5401

Push tool (kit)

• 790-101-5431

• Plate

1

• 790-101-5421

• Grip

1

• 01010-51240

• Bolt

1

Removal, installation of oil seal (for front)

Removal, installation of oil seal (for rear)

F

t

1

G

Insertion of piston

H

795-213-1800

Piston holder

t

1

Adjustment of valve clearance

I

795-125-1370

Thickness gauge

q

1

13-2

Removal, installation of front oil seal

Removal, installation of rear oil seal

Insertion of piston assembly into cylinder

95-3 SERIES

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

OVERALL DISASSEMBLY, ASSEMBLY

OVERALL DISASSEMBLY, ASSEMBLY S4D95LE-3 DISASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

Preparatory work..............................................13- 4 1. Alternator, fan pulley ................................. 13- 4 2. Starting motor, engine stop solenoid, fuel and oil filter, dipstick.......................... 13- 5 3. Water pump ..............................................13- 5 4. Fuel injection pipe, glow plug.................... 13- 5 5. Injection nozzle .........................................13- 5 6. Fuel injection pump...................................13- 6 7. Intake manifold .........................................13- 6 8. Turbocharger, exhaust manifold assembly .................................................13- 6 9. Head cover ...............................................13- 7 10. Rocker arm ...............................................13- 7 11. Push rods, cylinder head mounting bolts..13- 7 12. Cylinder head cover..................................13- 7 13. PTO shaft..................................................13- 9 14. Oil pan ......................................................13- 9 15. Oil suction pipe .........................................13- 9 16. Crankshaft pulley ......................................13- 9 17. Gear case cover ....................................... 13-10 18. Oil pump, idler gear ..................................13-10 19. Camshaft assembly ..................................13-10 20. Flywheel.................................................... 13-11 21. Flywheel housing ......................................13-11 22. Piston, connecting rod assembly ..............13-11 23. Main cap ...................................................13-13 24. Crankshaft ................................................13-14 25. Tappets .....................................................13-14 26. Cylinder block assembly ...........................13-15

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

95-3 SERIES

19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26.

Cylinder block assembly........................... 13-16 Tappets..................................................... 13-16 Crankshaft ................................................ 13-16 Main cap................................................... 13-17 Flywheel housing...................................... 13-20 Flywheel ................................................... 13-21 Camshaft .................................................. 13-21 Oil pump, idler gear .................................. 13-22 Gear case cover ....................................... 13-23 Crankshaft pulley...................................... 13-23 Oil suction pipe......................................... 13-23 Oil pan ...................................................... 13-24 PTO shaft ................................................. 13-24 Fuel injection pump .................................. 13-24 Cylinder head ........................................... 13-25 Adjustment of valve clearance ................. 13-27 Head cover ............................................... 13-28 Turbocharger, exhaust manifold assembly ................................................. 13-28 Intake manifold ......................................... 13-28 Injection nozzle......................................... 13-29 Fuel injection pipe, glow plug ................... 13-29 Water pump .............................................. 13-29 Starting motor, engine stop solenoid, fuel and engine oil filters, dipstick ........... 13-30 Alternator, fan pulley................................. 13-30 Engine assembly ...................................... 13-31 Fan, exhaust pipe, muffler, engine oil tube, block, cover.................... 13-31

13-3

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

DISASSEMBLY

DISASSEMBLY Preparatory work a Remove all dirt and mud from around the engine. a Drain the oil from the engine. 6 Engine oil : Approx. 6 l

k Set engine repair stand A on horizontal ground to prevent the engine from falling over. • Remove fan (1), exhaust pipe (2), muffler (3), oil tubes (4), block (5), and cover (6). •

Install bracket B to the position of block (5) and cover (6).



Install engine assembly (1) to engine repair stand A. 4 Engine assembly : 300 kg (The weight differs according to the machine model.)

1. Alternator, fan pulley 1) Loosen adjustment bolt (1) and mount bolt (2), then move alternator (4) towards engine block and remove fan belt (3). 2) Remove adjustment bolt, and mount bolts (1) and (2), then remove alternator assembly (4). 3) Remove mounting bolts (5), then remove fan pulley (6).

13-4

95-3 SERIES

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

DISASSEMBLY

2. Starting motor, engine stop solenoid, fuel and oil filter, dipstick 1) Remove bracket (1), then remove dipstick (2). 2) Remove engine stop solenoid (3). 3) Remove starting motor (4). 4) Disconnect fuel hoses (5) and remove fuel filter assembly (6) from intake manifold. 5) Remove oil filter (7) from engine block together with tube.

3. Water pump 1) Remove 4 mounting bolts (1) and adjustment plate (2). 2) Pull out pilot portion and remove water pump assembly (3).

4. Fuel injection pipe, glow plug 1) Remove 4 boots (1) and disconnect sleeve nut from injector. a Disconnect the fuel injection pump end in the same way. 2) Remove 2 bracket mounting bolts (2), then remove fuel injection pipe (3) together with bracket. 3) Remove 3 nuts of glow plug, then remove 3 each of wiring connector (4), lead (5), and plug (6).

5. Injection nozzle 1) Remove spill hoses (1). 2) Remove 4 nozzle holders (2), then remove 4 injection nozzles (3) from cylinder head.

95-3 SERIES

13-5

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

DISASSEMBLY

6. Fuel injection pump 1) Remove eyebolt, then remove lubrication oil tube (1). 2) Remove 6 mounting bolts (2), then remove cover (3). 3) Remove 1 mounting bolt (at bottom block) of holder (4). 4) Remove bracket (5), then remove fuel injection pump assembly (6) together with drive gear and holder.

7. Intake manifold Remove 7 mounting bolts (1), then remove intake manifold (2).

8. Turbocharger, exhaust manifold assembly 1) Remove turbocharger lubrication inlet tube (1) and outlet tube (2).

2) Disconnect intake connector hose connecting to aftercooler. 3) Raise turbocharger and exhaust manifold assembly (3), then remove 8 mounting bolts (4), and lift off.

13-6

95-3 SERIES

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

DISASSEMBLY

9. Head cover Remove 3 nuts (1), then remove head cover (2).

10. Rocker arm 1) Loosen locknut, then loosen adjustment screw (1) 3 – 4 turns. a Loosen the intake and exhaust adjustment screws of all cylinders. 2) Remove 8 mounting bolts (2), then remove rocker arm assembly (3).

11. Push rods, cylinder head mounting bolts 1) Pull out 8 push rods (1). 2) Remove 17 cylinder head mounting bolts (2).

12. Cylinder head cover Lift off cylinder head assembly (1).

4 Cylinder head assembly : 30 kg

a Lay cloth on the floor to protect the mounting portion of the cylinder head from damage.

95-3 SERIES

13-7

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY



When disassembling the cylinder head assembly, do as follows. 1) Using spring pusher C, compress valve spring (3), then remove cotter (2). 2) After removing cotter (2), release pressure on spring pusher C slowly, and remove spring seat (1) and spring (3). a Remove from all cylinders in the same way.



Intake, exhaust valves Remove 8 intake and exhaust valves (1) from cylinder head. a After removing the valves, fit tags to distinguish the mounting position, and keep them in a safe place.



Valve guide, valve seals 1) Remove 8 valve seals (1).

DISASSEMBLY

2) Using valve guide remover D, remove valve guide (2).

13-8

95-3 SERIES

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

DISASSEMBLY

13. PTO shaft 1) Remove mounting bolt, then remove cover (1). 2) Remove 4 mounting bolts (2).

3) Remove PTO shaft (3). a Tap with a plastic hammer to remove. 14. Oil pan Remove 24 mounting bolts (1), then remove oil pan (2).

15. Oil suction pipe Remove 2 mounting bolts (1), then remove oil suction pipe (2).

16. Crankshaft pulley Remove mounting bolt (1), then remove crankshaft pulley (2). a If it cannot be removed, use a puller to remove it.

95-3 SERIES

13-9

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

DISASSEMBLY

17. Gear case cover 1) Remove 10 mounting bolts (1), then remove gear case cover (2). a Be careful not to damage the front oil seal.

2) Remove front oil seal (3). a Use push tool F and knock it out.

18. Oil pump, idler gear 1) Remove 5 mounting bolts, then remove oil pump assembly (1). a After removing the oil pump, remove the driven gear from the cylinder block. 2) Remove mounting bolt (2), then remove idler gear (3). a If the machine is equipped with a PTO, a bearing is used for the idler gear bushing.

19. Camshaft assembly 1) Tappets are installed, so set with the cylinder head mounting surface facing down. 2) Remove mounting bolts (1) through casting hole in gear. 3) Pull out camshaft assembly (3) from cylinder block together with thrust plate (2). a When removing, rotate the camshaft lightly and be careful not to damage the bushing.

13-10

95-3 SERIES

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

DISASSEMBLY

20. Flywheel 1) Remove 6 mounting bolts (1). a After removing 1 mounting bolt, install guide bolt . 2) Remove flywheel (2). 4 Flywheel : 25 kg

k The flywheel pilot is shallow and it may suddenly fall, so use a guide bolt.

21. Flywheel housing 1) Remove mounting bolts, and set guide bolt in position. a Install 2 guide bolts to prevent damage to the rear oil seal. 2) Remove flywheel housing (1) horizontally.

3) Remove rear oil seal (2). a Use push tool G and knock it out.

22. Piston, connecting rod assembly 1) Measure side clearance of connecting rod (1) with dial gauge .

95-3 SERIES

13-11

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

DISASSEMBLY

2) Set piston to be pulled out to bottom dead center position, then remove 2 connecting rod cap mounting bolts (1). 3) Tap with a plastic hammer, and remove connecting rod cap (2) together with bearing. a Check that the number stamped on the connecting rod cap matches the cylinder number. a If there is no stamped number, stamp a number at the camshaft end.

4) Use a wooden bar from oil pan side to push piston skirt, support piston at cylinder head end, then push more from oil pan side and pull out piston and connecting rod assembly (3).

5) Disassemble piston and connecting rod assembly as follows. i) Using snap ring pliers , remove snap ring (4). ii) Pull out piston pin (6) and separate connecting rod (7) and piston (5). a If the pin does not come out, soak in hot water.

iii) Using piston ring tool E, remove piston rings (8) from piston in order starting from top.

13-12

95-3 SERIES

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

DISASSEMBLY

iv) If bushing (9) is worn, use push tool (outside diameter: 32 mm) to remove it.

23. Main cap 1) Measurement of end play i) Set cylinder block oil pan side at top, then install dial gauge . ii) Measure end play of crankshaft. a The end play measurement is necessary for judging wear of the thrust bearing and abnormal wear of the crankshaft, so measure before removing the crankshaft.

2) Main cap i) Remove 2 mounting bolts (1) of main cap, then remove main cap (2).

a Insert the mounting bolts in the bolt holes in the cap, move the cap from side to side or tap it to the left and right with a plastic hammer to remove it together with bearing (3).

95-3 SERIES

13-13

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

DISASSEMBLY

a Thrust bearings (4) are assembled to both surfaces of cap (2) at the flywheel end, so after removing, mark the assembly positions of the sets.

24. Crankshaft 1) Remove crankshaft (1). a Be careful not to damage the sliding portion of the crankshaft.

2) Remove 5 main bearings (2). a Push the tip of the bearing down and remove it. a Mark the mounting positions of the sets for the main bearing and thrust bearing, and keep in sets for each cap number.

25. Tappets 1) Pull out 10 tappets (1) from cylinder block. a Check for wear at the cam sliding portion. a If there is any wear, the thrust bearing of the camshaft may also be worn, so check it.

13-14

95-3 SERIES

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

DISASSEMBLY

26. Cylinder block assembly Sling cylinder block assembly (1), disconnect from repair stand A and lift off. 4 Cylinder block assembly : 70 kg

95-3 SERIES

13-15

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY 1. Cylinder block assembly Fit bracket B to cylinder block assembly (1), then set on engine repair stand A.

2. Tappets 1) Turn over cylinder block assembly. 2) Coat with engine oil and assemble 10 tappets (1).

3. Crankshaft 1) Align protruding portion of upper main bearing (2) with notch in cylinder block, then assemble. a Check that there is no dirt or dust stuck to the rear face of the bearing before assembling it. a Do not coat the rear face of the bearing with engine oil. a Coat the inside surface of the bearing with engine oil (SAE30).

2) Be careful not to let crankshaft (1) contact block, and set it carefully on upper main bearing. a If the crankshaft gear has been replaced, put the crankshaft gear in an electric furnace, heat it for approx. 30 minutes at 230 – 250ºC, then shrink fit the gear.

13-16

95-3 SERIES

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

4. Main cap 1) Align with notched portion of each cap (2), then install lower bearing (3). a Check that there is no dirt or dust stuck to the rear face of the bearing before assembling it. a Do not coat the rear face of the bearing with engine oil.

2) Align thrust bearing (4) with dowel pin, then install to both surfaces of main cap (2). a Install the thrust bearing so that the oil groove is on the outside.

3) Fit main cap (2) to cylinder block, then tighten with mounting bolts (1). a Check that the stamped mark on the main cap is the same as the stamped mark on the cylinder block. a Assemble so that the casting arrow is facing the gear case. a Be careful not to let the thrust bearing move out of position. a Use a torque wrench to tighten the connecting rod cap bolts in the order given below. i) Coat the thread portion and seat surface of the bolt with engine oil (SAE30). ii) When tightening, start from middle main cap and move in turn to left and right to tighten towards outside. After that, go on to tightening torque for next step. 3 Tightening torque of main cap:

Unit : Nm {kgm}

Step

Target

Range

1st step

113.0 {11.5}

108.0 – 118.0 {11.0 – 12.0}

2nd step

0 {0}

Loosen completely

3rd step

132.0 {13.5}

127.0 – 137.0 {13.0 – 14.0}

a After tightening, check that the crankshaft rotates smoothly. 95-3 SERIES

13-17

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

4) Put probe of dial gauge in contact with end face of crankshaft, move crankshaft to front and rear, and measure reading of gauge indicator. a Permissible range for end play: 0.13 – 0.35 mm

5) Assemble piston and connecting rod assembly as follows. i) Assembly of piston and connecting rod assembly. Using push tool (outside diameter: 32 mm), press fit bushing (9) to connecting rod.

ii)

a a

a iii)

iv)

13-18

Set face with stamped mark on end gap facing up (compression ring only), then use piston ring tool E to assemble each piston ring (8). Be careful not to damage the piston or break the ring. Fit the expander in the groove on the inside diameter, then assemble the oil ring. When doing this, check that the expander is completely fitted in the ring groove. Set so that the end gap of the ring is at 1 8 0 º t o th e j o i n o f t he c o i l o f t h e expander. Using pliers , assemble one snap ring (4) in snap ring groove on piston. a Set the [F] mark on the piston pin boss surface facing in the same direction as the casting number on the connecting rod, then insert piston pin (6) and assemble connecting rod (7) and piston (5). Assemble the remaining snap ring to the piston. a After assembling the snap rings, c he c k th at th e c on ne ct in g r od moves smoothly forward and backward. Align the protrusion of the connecting rod upper bearing and the notch on the connecting rod, then assemble.

95-3 SERIES

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

6) Assemble piston and connecting rod assembly inside cylinder block. i) Turn over cylinder block, and set so that crankshaft is perpendicular. ii) Set so that the relationship between the end gaps of the piston rings is as shown in the diagram. iii) Set crankshaft to bottom dead center for cylinder where piston and connecting rod assembly is to be assembled. a Coat the inside face of the cylinder, the piston rings, and the surface of the connecting rod bearing with engine oil. iv) Align direction of F mark on piston side surface to face front of engine. Using piston holder H, insert piston and connecting rod assembly (3) from cylinder head end. v) When piston rings are inserted inside cylinder liner, push in head of piston with flat of hand or wooden rod. In addition, pull in big end of connecting rod and fit in crankshaft. vi) Align protrusion of lower bearing with notch in cap, then assemble bearing to connecting rod cap (2). a Check that there is no dirt or dust stuck to the rear face of the bearing. vii) Set so that stamped mark is at camshaft end, then install connecting rod cap (2). a Coat the connecting rod bearing with engine oil. a Check that the stamped number on the connecting rod cap is the same as the number of the cylinder. a Tighten mounting bolts (1) of connecting rod cap as follows. a Coat mounting bolt thread and bolt seat with engine oil. 3 Cap mounting bolt : 1st step: Tighten in turn to +0.2 39.0 +2.0 +0 Nm {4.0 +0 kgm} 2nd step: Mark bolt head and cap seat, then turn bolt 90 +30º +0 to tighten. a After tightening, make a punch mark on the bolt head to indicate the number of times the bolt has been tightened. The bolt can be used a maximum of five times. Always replace any bolt that already has five punch marks. a After assembling the connecting rods, check that the crankshaft rotates smoothly.

95-3 SERIES

13-19

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

viii) Measure side clearance of connecting rod cap. a Turn over the cylinder block and set the oil pan at the top. a Using dial gauge , measure the side clearance of the connecting rod cap. Permissible range of side clearance: 0.20 – 0.40 mm

5. Flywheel housing 1) Set on guide bolt , and install flywheel housing (1). 2 Flywheel mounting surface: Gasket sealant (LG-7) a When fitting the lip of the rear oil seal to the crankshaft flange, be careful not to apply excessive force to the lip surface. 3 Mounting bolt: 66 ± 7.4 Nm {6.75 ± 0.75 kgm}

2) Measuring stepped difference at mounting surface Measure stepped difference between oil pan mounting surface of cylinder block and flywheel housing with dial gauge . a Permissible limit for stepped difference at oil pan mounting surface : Within 0.15 mm

3) Measure radial runout and face runout of flywheel housing with dial gauge . a Radial runout : Max. 0.30 mm a Face runout : Max. 0.30 mm

13-20 (1)

95-3 SERIES

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

4) Using push tool G (outside diameter: 120 mm), install rear oil seal (2) to flywheel housing (1). a After press fitting, fill 40 – 60% of space at seal lip with grease. 2 Rear oil seal: Grease (G2-LI)

6. Flywheel 1) Set on guide bolt , then fit flywheel (2) to crankshaft and tighten with mounting bolts (1). 3 Mounting bolt : Unit: Nm {kgm}

Order

Target

1st step 108.0 {11.0}

Range 98.0 – 118.0 {10.0 – 12.0}

2nd step 191.0 {19.5} 186.0 – 196.0 {19.0 – 20.0}

2) Measure radial runout and face runout of flywheel. Radial runout : Max. 0.30 mm Face runout : Max. 0.35 mm 7. Camshaft 1) Insert camshaft assembly (3) in cylinder block. a Rotate the camshaft lightly while pushing it in. This makes it possible to insert the camshaft without damaging the bushing. 2) Tighten thrust plate (2) with mounting bolt from casting hole in gear to secure camshaft assembly. 3 Thrust plate mounting bolt : 19.0 ± 4.9 Nm {1.9 ± 0.5 kgm} 3) Put dial gauge in contact with end face of camshaft, move camshaft to front and rear, and measure end play. a Camshaft end play : 0.15 – 0.35 mm

95-3 SERIES

13-21 (1)

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

8. Oil pump, idler gear 1) Installation of oil pump i) Install oil pump driven gear (1). ii) Install oil pump drive gear (2). a There is a spacer fitted to mounting bolt (3). iii) Measure end play of oil pump gear. Permissible range for end play : 0.02 – 0.07 mm

2) Installation of idler gear i) Align gear counter marks and install idler gear (4). a Counter marks Crankshaft gear (5) and idler gear (4): A Idler gear (5) and cam gear (6): B ii) Fit plate (7) and tighten idler gear mounting bolt (8). 3 Idler gear mounting bolt : 110.0 ± 12.3 Nm {11.25 ± 1.25 kgm}

iii) Put dial gauge in contact with end face of idler gear, move idler gear to front and rear, and measure end play. Permissible range for end play : 0.03 – 0.09 mm a Measuring backlash for each gear Install fuel injection pump assembly (9) temporarily, then use dial gauge to measure the backlash of each gear. a When measuring the backlash of each gear, hold one gear in position and move the gear to be measured. a Gear backlash (helical gear) Unit : mm Counter Measurement place mark

13-22

Range

A-A

Crankshaft gear and idler gear

B-B

Cam gear and idler 0.08 – 0.19 gear

C-C

Fuel injection pump 0.07 – 0.29 gear and idler gear

a-a

Cam gear and oil pump gear

0.08 – 0.29

0.07 – 0.29

95-3 SERIES

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

9. Gear case cover 1) Coat cylinder block mounting surface with gasket sealant. 2 Cylinder block : Gasket sealant (LG-7) 2) Fit gear case cover (2), and tighten with mounting bolts (1). 3) Measure stepped difference at mounting surface Measure the stepped difference at the mounting surface of the gear case cover and cylinder block oil pan. a Permissible limit for stepped difference at oil pan mount: Within 0.15 mm 4) Using push tool F (outside diameter: 72 mm), install front oil seal (3). Filling 40 – 60% of space at seal lip with grease to front oil seal. 2 Front oil seal : Grease (G2-LI)

10. Crankshaft pulley 1) Align with key of crankshaft and install crankshaft pulley (2). 2) Fit plate and tighten mounting bolts (1). 3 Mounting bolt : 372.4 ± 29.4 Nm {38 ± 3 kgm}

11. Oil suction pipe 1) Fit O-ring and install oil suction pipe (2) to cylinder block. 2) Tighten mounting bolts (1).

95-3 SERIES

13-23 (1)

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

12. Oil pan 1) Coat oil pan mounting surface of cylinder block with gasket sealant. 2) Fit oil pan (1), and tighten mounting bolts. 2 Cylinder block : Gasket sealant (LG-7) 3 Mounting bolt : 32.0 ± 2.5 Nm {3.25 ± 0.25 kgm} 3 Drain plug (Drain valve) : 59.0 ± 9.8 Nm {6.0 ± 1.0 kgm}

13. PTO shaft 1) Align shaft (2) of PTO assembly (1) with camshaft gear, and assemble. 2) Install PTO assembly (1) with 4 mounting bolts (3). a Install the cover at the shaft end.

14. Fuel injection pump 1) Set head side of cylinder block facing up. 2) Fit O-ring (2) to holder (1), align counter mark C-C of drive gear (4) and idler gear (3), then insert in gear case together with fuel injection pump assembly (5). 3) Secure holder (1) to gear case with bolt (6). 4) Remove bolt (7), and secure drive gear (4) with other bolts. a Prepare a bolt with the same diameter and pitch as bolt (7). Remove bolt (7), insert the bolt through the hole, and screw the bolt into the drive gear bolt hole. When doing this, c he ck tha t the c ou nte r m ar k s ar e aligned. 5) Fit cover (8) and tighten with mounting bolts (9). 6) Tighten mounting nut (10) of fuel injection pump assembly (5) and holder (1). a Mark the holder and fuel injection pump, and the holder and gear case. 7) Remove the bolt holding the drive gear, then install bolt (7). 8) Install oil supply tube (11) and bracket (12).

13-24 (1)

95-3 SERIES

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

15. Cylinder head 1) Assembly of cylinder head i) Using push tool D1, install valve guide (2) to cylinder head (1). ii) Install valve seal (3) to head of valve guide.

iii) Coat inside surface of valve guide and stem of intake and exhaust valves (6) with engine oil (SAE30CD).

iv) Install intake and exhaust valves (6) to cylinder head (1). a Install in the order of intake valve and exhaust valve starting from the timing gear case end. a Check that there is no carbon stuck to the valve seat, cracks in valve seat, or other problems.

v) Using spring pusher C, compress valve spring (5), then fit valve cotter (7) into groove in valve stem. a Tap the top end face of the valve stem with a plastic hammer and check that the cotter is completely fitted. k Be careful not to tap too much. There is danger that the cotter may fly out.

95-3 SERIES

13-25

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

2) Installation of cylinder head a Check that there is no dirt on the mounting face of the cylinder head and cylinder block and that there is no dirt or dust inside the cylinder. i) Install cylinder head gasket (8). a Install with the TOP mark at the top. ii) Raise cylinder head (1), use 4 head bolts as guides, and install to cylinder block.

3) Tightening cylinder head Coat thread of cylinder head mounting bolts with molybdenum disulphide lubricant (LMP) and tighten as follows in order shown in diagram. 3 Cylinder head mounting bolt : (Tightening torque using plastic turning angle tightening) 1st step: 69 ± 9.8 Nm {7.0 ± 1.0 kgm} 2nd step: 168.0 ± 4.9 Nm {11.0 ± 0.5 kgm} 3rd step: Mark bolt head and cylinder head, then turn bolt 90 +30º +0 to tighten. a After tightening, make a punch mark on the bolt head to indicate the number of times the bolt has been tightened. a The bolt can be used a maximum of five times. Always replace any bolt that already has five punch marks.

4) Push rod Insert push rod (1) in tappet guide. a The push rods use the same part for both the intake and exhaust sides. a If there is no abnormality in the push rod, assemble it to the same position as it was at disassembly.

13-26

95-3 SERIES

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

5) Rocker arm assembly i) Install rocker arm assembly (2). ii) Check that ball of adjustment screw is fitted securely in socket of push rod, and tighten mounting bolts in turn. 3 Rocker arm mounting bolt: 25.0 ± 4.9 Nm {2.5 ± 0.5 kgm} a Turn back the adjustment screw 3 – 4 turns.

16. Adjustment of valve clearance Adjust the valve clearance so that the clearance between the valve and rocker arm is the following value. a Standard value for valve clearance (both when warm and when cold) Intake valve: 0.35 mm; Exhaust valve: 0.50 mm 1) Rotate the crankshaft in the normal direction to align pointer b with the 1.4 TOP mark a on crankshaft pulley (1). When rotating, check the movement of the intake valves of No. 4 cylinder. 2) With No. 1 cylinder at compression top dead center, adjust valves marked q in valve arrangement diagram. Then rotate crankshaft a further 360º and adjust valves marked Q.

3) To adjust, insert feeler gauge between rocker lever and valve stem, turn adjustment screw until clearance is a sliding fit, then tighten locknut. 3 Locknut: 44.0 ± 4.9 Nm {4.5 ± 0.5 kgm} 4) It is also possible to set the No. 1 cylinder to compression top dead center and adjust the valves of the No. 1 cylinder, then rotate 180º each time and adjust the valve clearance of the other cylinders according to firing order. Firing order: 1 – 2 – 4 – 3

95-3 SERIES

13-27

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

17. Head cover 1) Install O-ring to cylinder head cover. 2) Fit cylinder head cover (2) to cylinder head, then tighten with 3 nuts (1). a Check that there is no damage to the gasket before installing.

18. Turbocharger, exhaust manifold assembly 1) Raise turbocharger and exhaust manifold assembly (3), fit gasket, then tighten 8 mounting bolts (4). a Assemble the gasket with the mark "6205" on the manifold side. 3 Mounting bolts : 44.0 ± 9.8 Nm {4.5 ± 1.0 kgm} 2) Connect connection hose for intake connector to turbocharger. 3 Intake connector clamp : 5.9 ± 0.5 Nm {0.6 ± 0.05 kgm} 3) Fit gaskets to turbocharger lubrication tube inlet port (1) and outlet port (2), then install.

19. Intake manifold Coat intake manifold with gasket sealant and install to cylinder block with mounting bolt (1). 2 Mounting surface : Gasket sealant (LG-7) 3 Mounting bolt : 66.2 ± 7.4 Nm {6.75 ± 0.75 kgm} a Coat the gasket sealant in a line with a width of approximately ø1 mm.

13-28

95-3 SERIES

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

20. Injection nozzle 1) Install dust seal (4) to nozzle holder. 2) Install copper gasket (5) to nozzle holder.

3) Insert nozzle holder (3) in cylinder head and tighten holder (2). 3 Holder mounting bolt : 44.0 ± 4.9 Nm {4.5 ± 0.5 kgm} 4) Install spill hoses (1).

21. Fuel injection pipe, glow plug 1) Fit glow plug (6) to cylinder head and install lead (5) and wiring connector (4),. 2) Tighten lead (5) and wiring connector (4) with nut of glow plug. 3) Fit fuel injection tube (3) to injection nozzle and install boot (1). a Before installing the fuel injection pipe, blow with compressed air to clean the inside of the pipe. a Tighten the sleeve nuts at the fuel injection pump end in the same way. 4) Tighten 2 bracket mounting bolts (2). 3 Sleeve nut : 23.0 ± 2.0 Nm {2.3 ± 0.3 kgm} 22. Water pump 1) Fit gasket to mounting surface and O-ring to pilot portion, then install water pump assembly (3). 2) Fit adjustment plate (2) for alternator, and tighten 4 mounting bolts (1).

95-3 SERIES

13-29

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

23. Starting motor, engine stop solenoid, fuel and engine oil filters, dipstick 1) Install engine oil filter (7) to engine block together with tube. 2) Fit fuel filter assembly (6) to intake manifold, and install fuel hoses (5) to fuel injection pump. 3) Install starting motor (4). 4) Install engine stop solenoid (3). a For details, see TESTING AND ADJUSTING. 5) Fit dipstick (2) to engine block and install bracket (1). a Fill engine with oil. 5 Engine oil : 6 l (SAE15W-40CD)

24. Alternator, fan pulley 1) Fit fan pulley (6) to water pump drive shaft, and tighten with mounting bolts (5). 2) Fit alternator assembly (4) to PTO housing, and install mount bolt (2). 3) Fit fan belt (3), insert a bar between alternator and cylinder block, raise to outside while watching belt tension, and tighten lock bolt (1).

a Adjust so that the belt deflects the amount shown below when the belt is pressed with a finger pressure of 59.0 N {approx. 6 kg} at a point midway between the crankshaft pulley and alternator. Deflection of fan belt : 14 – 17 mm a After adjusting, tighten the bolts.

13-30

95-3 SERIES

DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY

ASSEMBLY

25. Engine assembly 1) Sling engine assembly (1).

4 Engine assembly : 300 kg (The weight differs according to the machine model.)

2) Disconnect engine assembly (1) from engine repair stand A, and remove bracket B from engine assembly (1).

26. Fan, exhaust pipe, muffler, engine oil tube, block, cover 1) Set engine assembly to engine stand. 2) Install cover (6). 3) Fit block (5) to tube (4), then install to cylinder block. 4) Install muffler (3). 5) Fit gasket to exhaust manifold, then install exhaust pipe (2). 6) Install fan (1) to fan pulley.

95-3 SERIES

13-31

15 REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS CYLINDER HEAD SECTION Grinding cylinder head mounting surface............................................................................................... 15- 2 Replacing valve guide ............................................................................................................................ 15- 3 Grinding valve ........................................................................................................................................ 15- 4 CYLINDER BLOCK SECTION Replacing camshaft bushing .................................................................................................................. 15- 5 Replacing crankshaft gear ..................................................................................................................... 15- 7 Replacing cam gear ............................................................................................................................... 15- 8 Replacing flywheel ring gear .................................................................................................................. 15- 9 Procedure for pressure test.................................................................................................................... 15- 10 Cylinder liner (special restoration part) .................................................................................................. 15- 11 Machining drawing for cylinder block bore ............................................................................................. 15- 12 Additional machining of cam journal ...................................................................................................... 15- 13 Grinding crankshaft ................................................................................................................................ 15- 14 Replacing connecting rod small end bushing......................................................................................... 15- 15

95-3 SERIES

15-1

REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS

GRINDING CYLINDER HEAD MOUNTING SURFACE

GRINDING CYLINDER HEAD MOUNTING SURFACE 1. Grinding Grind the bottom surface of the cylinder head with a surface grinding machine to remove deformation or corrosion. Do not exceed the repair limit of cylinder head height H. After grinding, make an R mark at the rear on the left side (intake side) of the cylinder head. a Standard dimension of cylinder head height –0 H: 90 –0.2 mm Repair limit: 89.5 mm a Amount to remove per grinding. 0.10 – 0.15 mm a Surface roughness of grinding surface: Within 6S a Flatness (deformation): Within 0.05 mm a Grinding limit: 0.3 mm 2. Check after grinding Check that the insertion depth of the valve is within the standard value. a Insertion depth of valve: Intake side: 1.0 ± 0.1 mm Exhaust side: 0.9 ± 0.1 mm

15-2

95-3 SERIES

REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS

REPLACING VALVE GUIDE

REPLACING VALVE GUIDE Special tools No.

Part No.

Part Name

Q'ty

A

795-100-4710

Valve guide remover

1

B

795-100-4720

Valve guide driver

1

1. Removal of valve guide Insert tool A from the top surface of the cylinder head, put it in contact with the valve guide, then hit with a hammer to remove the valve guide. 2. Press fitting valve guide 1) Press fit the valve guide until the tip of tool B contacts the cylinder head. a After press fitting, insert the valve, and if the valve does not enter smoothly, machine the hole with a reamer +0.015 (ø8 +0 mm) 2) Measure the protrusion of the valve guide and check that it is within the standard range. a Valve guide protrusion Tolerance: 14.5 ± 0.2 mm

95-3 SERIES

15-3

REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS

GRINDING VALVE

GRINDING VALVE Special tool No.

Part No.

A

Commercially available

Part Name Valve refacer

Q'ty 1

1. Grinding seat face After using tool A to adjust the valve seat angle, grind the seat face. a For details of the angle of the valve seat, see the Maintenance Standard Table. 2. Checking after grinding Measure the thickness of the valve head, insertion depth of the valve and the contact of the valve seat face to check that they are within the standard range. a Thickness of valve head: 1.40 – 1.60 mm a Insertion depth of valve Intake side: 1.0 ± 0.1 mm Exhaust side: 0.9 ± 0.1 mm a Standard contact width of valve: Intake valve: 2.0 mm Exhaust valve: 2.0 mm a For details of handling the valve refacer, see the operation manual.

15-4

95-3 SERIES

REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS

REPLACING CAMSHAFT BUSHING

REPLACING CAMSHAFT BUSHING Special tools No.

Part No.

A

795-215-1101

Push tool (KIT)

1

1

795-215-1110

Push bar

1

2

795-215-1120

Push tool

1

3

795-215-1140

Collar

1

4

795-215-1150

Guide

1

A

Part Name

Q'ty

1. Removing front and rear bushings As shown in the diagram, assemble push tool (2), collar (3), and push bar (1) of push tools A, then hit the push bar to knock bushing (6) out from cylinder block (5).

2. Removing center bushing 1) Assemble push bar (1), push tool (2), collar (3), and guide (4) of push tool A, then hit the push bar to knock bushing (6) out from cylinder block (5).

95-3 SERIES

15-5

REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS

REPLACING CAMSHAFT BUSHING

a Cam bushing assembly drawing 2) After removing the bushing, remove any burrs or dirt from the mounting hole of the bushing.

3. Press fitting center bushings Assemble bushing (6) to tool A and press fit the bushing until the oil hole in cylinder block (5) is aligned with the oil hole in the bushing.

4. Press fitting front and rear bushings Assemble bushing (6) to tool A, and press fit the bushing until the oil hole in cylinder clock (5) is aligned with the oil hole of the bushing.

5. After press fitting bushings 1) Using inside gauge , measure the inside diameter of the bushing. 2) Check the clearance between the bushing and shaft, and if the clearance is not within the specified range, or the shaft does not pass through smoothly, correct the inside diameter of the bushing with a reamer. • When correcting the inside diameter of the bushing with a reamer, clean all chips from the oil hole and oil groove. a Inside diameter of cam bushing: ø50.5 +0.030 –0.040 mm a Clearance of camshaft journal: 0.030 – 0.130 mm

15-6

95-3 SERIES

REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS

REPLACING CRANKSHAFT GEAR

REPLACING CRANKSHAFT GEAR 1. Removal of gear Remove the gear with a gear puller. 2. Press fitting gear 1) Check the gear mounting surface, key groove, and flange surface, and if there are any scratches, correct them with an oilstone. 2) Knock the key into the key groove of the shaft. 3) Heat the crankshaft gear for the specified time at the specified shrink-fitting temperature. a Shrink-fitting temperature: 230 – 250ºC Heating time: Min. 30 minutes 4) Put the timing mark on the outside, then use a hitting tool to press fit until the side face of the gear is in tight contact with the shaft flange. a Knock in quickly before the gear becomes cool.

95-3 SERIES

15-7

REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS

REPLACING CAM GEAR

REPLACING CAM GEAR 1. Check the gear mounting surface, key groove, an d fl ang e s ur fac e, and if ther e ar e an y scratches, correct them with an oilstone. 2. Knock the key into the key groove of the shaft. 3. Heat the gear for the specified time at the specified shrink-fitting temperature. a Shrink-fitting temperature: 250 – 270ºC Heating time: Min. 30 minutes

15-8

95-3 SERIES

REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS

REPLACING FLYWHEEL RING GEAR

REPLACING FLYWHEEL RING GEAR k Be careful not to let the flywheel fall and injure you.

1. Removal of ring gear 1) Prepare a support for the flywheel, and set on the support with the ring gear surface facing down. 2) Heat the area around the ring gear with a torch lamp, then hit it with a hammer to remove it. 2. Press fitting ring gear 1) Check the ring gear mounting surface, and if there are any scratches, correct them with an oilstone. 2) Heat the ring gear for the specified time at the specified shrink-fitting temperature. a Shrink-fitting temperature: Max. 200ºC Heating time: Min. 45 minutes 3) Set the chamfered face of the ring gear facing the flywheel, and press fit until the side face of the gear is in tight contact with the flywheel.

95-3 SERIES

15-9

REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS

PROCEDURE FOR PRESSURE TEST

PROCEDURE FOR PRESSURE TEST •

When corrections have been made around the cylinder head, test the pressure as follows.

Special tools No.

Part No.

Part Name

Q'ty

A

790-513-4200

Coolant test kit

1

B

79A-471-1050

Pump assembly

1

a To handle the special tools, refer to the Shop Manual, SPECIAL TOOLS. 1. Water pressure test 1) Tighten the nozzle holder assembly to the specified torque. 2) Assemble tool A and tool B, and connect the hose to flange (1). 3) Apply water pressure 0.25 – 0.6 MPa {2.5 – 6.0 kg/cm 2 } for approx. 10 minutes, and check that there is no leakage from around the head. a When carrying out this test, heat the whole cylinder head and carry out the test with hot water (82 – 93ºC). 2. Air pressure test 1) Tighten the nozzle holder assembly to the specified torque. 2) Connect the compressor hose to flange (1). 3) Put the head in the container of water, apply air pressure 0.2 MPa {2.0 kg/cm 2 } for approx. 30 seconds, and check that there is no leakage in the water. a If the above test shows any cracks in the nozzle holder or around the plate plugs, replace the cylinder head. a If any cracks are found in other places, refer to the Shop Manual, ENGINE COMMON for welding procedure.

15-10

95-3 SERIES

REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS

CYLINDER LINER

CYLINDER LINER (SPECIAL RESTORATION PART)

Cylinder liner • The 95-3 Series engine has a liner-less cylinder, so if the cylinder bore exceeds 95.40 mm because of wear, the cylinder is bored, and this cylinder liner is used to restore the cylinder. Selection of liner There are two sizes of cylinder liner: A and B. After machining the cylinder bore, select the size of liner to match the bore. •

Outside diameter of cylinder liner Unit: mm

Category mark

Measurement location

[Remark] Machined dimension of cylinder

Part No. Letter

line

6207-21-2110

A

I

98

+0.020 +0.005

98

+0.025 –0.010

98

+0.025 –0.020

98

+0.0125 +0.0000

6207-21-2120

B

II

98

+0.035 +0.020

98

+0.040 +0.005

98

+0.040 –0.005

98

+0.0250 +0.0125

95-3 SERIES

15-11

REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS

MACHINING DRAWING FOR CYLINDER BLOCK BORE

MACHINING DRAWING FOR CYLINDER BLOCK BORE •

Honing

15-12

95-3 SERIES

REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS

ADDITIONAL MACHINING OF CAM JOURNAL

ADDITIONAL MACHINING OF CAM JOURNAL Carry out additional machining of the cam journal, and install a cam bushing (Part No.: 6206-21-1420) to correct the damage. 1. To carry out the additional machining, disassemble to make the cylinder block into an individual part. a To clean out the metal particles after machining, remove the taper plug from the oil hole, the µ-plug, and the oil pressure caution switch. Remove parts a – e in the diagram.

2. Center with undamaged cam journals (1), (2) and carry out additional machining. +0.03 Inside diameter ø after machining: 53.5 +0 mm (Surface roughness: Max. 12.5 S) 3. Align the oil hole in the cam bushing with the oil hole in the cylinder block, and press fit. After press fitting, insert a ø 3.5 check bar through the oil hole in the main journal and check that it presses through the oil hole. Diameter of bushing oil hole: ø 4 mm 4. After press fitting, check the inside diameter of the bushing. Inside diameter of bushing: ø 50.5 +0.02 –0.05 mm 5. Clean thoroughly and check that there are no metal particles remaining in the oil hole. 6. To check the alignment of the journal at three places, insert the cam shaft and check that it rotates smoothly by hand. 7. Remove the cam shaft, then install the taper plug for the oil hole, the µ-plug (replace with a new part), and the oil pressure caution switch to the cylinder block.

95-3 SERIES

15-13

REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS

GRINDING CRANKSHAFT

GRINDING CRANKSHAFT Applicable crankshaft • It is possible to correct by grinding and rebuild so that undersize bearings can be used only with crankshafts which have received induction hardening. This method of repair may not be used for crankshafts that have received tufftride treatment. (*1) • It is possible to distinguish these two types of crankshaft from the engine serial number (*2), but check the crankshaft as follows to ensure that there is no mistake.

(*1) With tufftride treatment, the hardened layer is thin, so if additional grinding is carried out, the hardened layer will be removed and it will be impossible to ensure the strength and wear resistance. (*2) The part number does not change when there is change in the surface treatment of the crankshaft, but as shown above, the crankshaft pin bearing is changed at the same time.

15-14

95-3 SERIES

REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS

REPLACING CONNECTING ROD SMALL END BUSHING

REPLACING CONNECTING ROD SMALL END BUSHING S4D95LE-3 Special tools No. A

Part Name

Q'ty

795-233-1100 Push tool (KIT)

1

795-233-1110 Push tool

1

2 795-233-1120 Push tool

1

3 795-233-1130 Block

1

4 795-233-1140 Nut

1

1 B

Part No.

C



Jig for pulling out bushing

1

D



Jig for press fitting bushing

1

a If the special tools are not available, prepare substitutive jigs C and D.

1. Removal of connecting rod bushing 1) Set connecting rod (2) to tool B3. 2) Using tools B1 or prepare substitutive jigs C, remove connecting rod bushing (1) with press. a After removing the bushing, remove any burrs or flashes, and clean the mounting hole of the bushing. 2. Press fitting connecting rod bushing 1) Set connecting rod (2) to tool B3. 2) Assemble connecting rod bushing (1) in tool B1, set tool B2 in position, then secure with tool B4 so that it does not move. a Align the oil hole of the connecting rod bushing with the oil hole of the connecting rod. 3) Push tool B1 with press, and press fit connecting rod bushing (1). a Substitutive jig D can be used for press-fitting. •

The bushing is supplied as a semi-finished product, so the inside diameter is too small and the piston pin will not go in. After press fitting the bushing, machine the inside diameter of the bushing with a reamer or honing machine in accordance with the maintenance standard. a After machining, clean all the metal particles from the oil hole and oil groove.

95-3 SERIES

15-15 (1)

REPAIR AND REPLACEMENT OF PARTS

REPLACING CONNECTING ROD SMALL END BUSHING

SAA4D95LE-3 Special tools No. A

Part Name

Q'ty

795-233-1100 Push tool (KIT)

1

795-233-1110 Push tool

1

2 795-233-1120 Push tool

1

3 795-233-1130 Nut

1

4 795-233-1140 Block

1

1 B

Part No.

C



Jig for pulling out bushing

1

D



Jig for press fitting bushing

1

a If the special tools are not available, prepare substitutive jigs C and D.

1. Removal of connecting rod bushing 1) Set connecting rod (2) to tool B3. 2) Using tools B1 and B3, remove connecting rod bushing (1) with press. a After removing the bushing, remove any burrs or flashes, and clean the mounting hole of the bushing.

2. Press fitting connecting rod bushing 1) Set connecting rod (2) to tool B3. 2) Assemble connecting rod bushing (1) in tool B1, set tool B2 in position, then secure with tool B4 so that it does not move. a Align the oil hole of the connecting rod bushing with the oil hole of the connecting rod. 3) Push tool B1 with press, and press fit connecting rod bushing (1). •

The bushing is supplied as a semi-finished product, so the inside diameter is too small and the piston pin will not go in. After press fitting the bushing, machine the inside diameter of the bushing with a reamer or honing machine in accordance with the maintenance standard. a After machining, clean all the metal particles from the oil hole and oil groove.

15-16 (1)

95-3 SERIES

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