Engine Mechanical System

September 12, 2017 | Author: lovre1 | Category: Piston, Cylinder (Engine), Motor Oil, Belt (Mechanical), Internal Combustion Engine
Share Embed Donate


Short Description

GENERAL, ENGINE BLOCK, MAIN MOVING SYSTEM, COOLING SYSTEM, LUBRICATION SYSTEM, INTAKE AND EXHAUST SYSTEM, CYLINDER HEAD ...

Description

Engine Mechanical System GENERAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EM - 2 ENGINE BLOCK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EM -20 MAIN MOVING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EM -31 COOLING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EM -48 LUBRICATION SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EM -57 INTAKE AND EXHAUST SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EM -62 CYLINDER HEAD ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EM -68 TIMING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EM -79 PREHEATING SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EM -87 DIESEL CONTROL SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EM -88 FUEL DELIVERY SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EM -93 DIESEL FUEL FEED SYSTEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . EM -96

EM -2

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS (D4CB)

LCAC0100

DESCRIPTION

SPECIFICATION (D4CB)

General Type

In-line, DOHC

Number of cylinders

4

Bore

91 mm (3.58 in)

Stroke

96 mm (3.78 in)

Total displacement

2497 cc (121.5 cu.in)

Compression ratio

17.7 : 1

Firing order

1-3-4-2

Valve timing Intake valve Opens (BTDC)

8

Closes (ABDC)

38

Exhaust valve Opens (BBDC)

52

Closes (ATDC)

8

Cylinder head Flatness of gasket surface

0.15 mm (0.0059 in)

Camshaft Cam height (LH) Intake

40.163 mm (1.5812 in)

Exhaust

40.043 mm (1.5765 in)

Cam height (RH) Intake

39.782 mm (1.5662 in)

Exhaust

40.456 mm (1.5928 in)

Journal outer Diameter

29.964 - 29.980 mm (1.1797 - 1.1803 in)

End play

0.10 - 0.20 mm (0.0039 - 0.0079 in)

Valve Valve length Intake

110.55 mm (4.352 in)

Exhaust

110.55 mm (4.352 in)

Stem outer diameter Intake

6.965 - 6.980 mm (0.2742 - 0.2748 in)

Exhaust

6.935 - 6.950 mm (0.2730 - 0.2736 in)

Face angle Thickness of valve head (margin)

45

LIMIT

GENERAL

EM -3 SPECIFICATION (D4CB)

DESCRIPTION Intake

1.8 - 2.0 mm (0.071 - 0.079 in)

Exhaust

1.8 - 2.0 mm (0.071 - 0.079 in)

LIMIT

Valve stem to valve guide clearance Intake

0.020 - 0.050 mm (0.0008 - 0.0020 in)

0.1mm (0.0039in)

Exhaust

0.050 - 0.080 mm (0.0020 - 0.0031 in)

0.15mm (0.0059in)

Valve guide Length Intake

43.3 mm (1.705 in)

Exhaust

39.4 mm (1.551 in)

Valve seat Width of seat contact Intake

1.5 mm (0.059 in)

Exhaust

1.7 mm (0.067 in)

Seat angle Intake

45

Exhaust

45

Valve spring Free length

48.2 mm (1.898 in)

Load

258 ¡ 12 N/38 mm (26.3 ± 1.2 kg/38 mm, 569 ¡ 26 lb/1.496 in) 505.5 ¡ 24 N/28.8 mm (51.5 ± 2.4 kg /28.8 mm, 1114.4 ¡ 53 lb/1.134 in)

Cylinder block Cylinder bore

91.000 - 91.030 mm (3.5827 - 3.5839 in)

Flatness of gasket surface

0.05 mm (0.0020 in)

Piston Piston outer diameter

90.910 - 90.940 mm (3.5791 - 3.5803 in)

Piston to cylinder clearance

0.080 - 0.100 mm (0.0031 - 0.0039 in)

Ring groove width No. 1 ring groove

2.378 - 2.398 mm (0.0936 - 0.0944 in)

No. 2 ring groove

2.04 - 2.06 mm (0.0803 - 0.0811 in)

Oil ring groove

3.03 - 3.05 mm (0.1193 - 0.1201 in)

EM -4

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

SPECIFICATION (D4CB)

LIMIT

Piston ring Side clearance No. 2 ring

0.05 - 0.09 mm (0.0020 - 0.0035 in)

Oil ring

0.04 - 0.08 mm (0.0016 - 0.0031 in)

End gap No. 1 ring

0.25 - 0.40 mm (0.0098 - 0.0157 in)

No. 2 ring

0.50 - 0.70 mm (0.0197 - 0.0276 in)

Oil ring

0.20 - 0.40 mm (0.0079 - 0.0157 in)

Piston pin Piston pin outer diameter

32.993 - 32.998 mm (1.2989 - 1.2991 in)

Piston pin hole inner diameter

33.000 - 33.005 mm (1.2992 - 1.2994 in)

Piston pin hole clearance

0.002 - 0.012 mm (0.0001 - 0.0005 in)

Connecting rod small end hole inner diameter

33.020 - 33.033 mm (1.3000 - 1.3005 in)

Connecting rod small end hole clearance

0.022 - 0.040 mm (0.0009 - 0.0016 in)

Connecting rod Connecting rod big end inner diameter

60.000 - 60.018 mm (2.3622 - 2.3629 in)

Connecting rod bearing oil clearance

0.024 - 0.042 mm (0.0009 - 0.0016 in)

0.1mm(0.0039in)

Crankshaft Main journal outer diameter

66.982 - 67.000 mm (2.6371 - 2.6378 in)

Pin journal outer diameter

56.982 - 57.000 mm (2.2434 - 2.2441 in)

Main bearing oil clearance

0.024 - 0.042 mm (0.0009 - 0.0016 in)

End play

0.05 - 0.25 mm (0.0020 - 0.0098 in)

0.1mm(0.0039in)

Flywheel Runout

0.13mm(0.0051in)

Oil pump Side clearance Inner rotor

0.040 - 0.085 mm (0.0016 - 0.0033 in)

Outer rotor

0.050 - 0.100 mm (0.0020 - 0.0039 in)

Body clearance

0.100 - 0.176 mm (0.0039 - 0.0069 in)

Relief valve opening pressure

784.5 ¡ 78.4 Kpa (8 ¡ 0.8 kg/cm2, 113.8 ¡ 11.3 psi)

Balance shaft Front journal outer diameter

48.975 - 49.000 mm (1.9281 - 1.9291 in)

Rear journal outer diameter

47.965 - 47.990 mm (1.8884 - 1.8894 in)

Front bush inner diameter

49.050 - 49.080 mm (1.9311 - 1.9323 in)

Rear bush inner diameter

48.050 - 48.080 mm (1.8917 - 1.8929 in)

Fornt bush oil clearance

0.050 - 0.105 mm (0.0020 - 0.0041 in)

Rear bush oil clearance

0.060 - 0.115 mm (0.0024 - 0.0045 in)

GENERAL

EM -5 SPECIFICATION (D4CB)

DESCRIPTION Engine oil Oil quantity (Total)

8.2 L

Oil quantity (Oil pan)

7.4 L

Oil quality

Above CE

Cooling method Cooling system

Forced circulation with cooling fan

Coolant quantity

10L

Thermostat Type

Wax pellet type

Opening temperature

82 C (180 F)

Closing temperature

77 C (171 F)

Pull opening temperature

95 C (203 F)

Radiator cap Main valve opening pressure

107.9¡ 14.7 Kpa (1.1¡ 0.15 kg/cm2, 15.6¡ 2.1 psi)

Main valve closing pressure

83.4 Kpa (0.85 kg/cm2, 12.1 psi)

Vaccum valve opening pressure

-6.86 Kpa (-0.07 kg/cm2, -1.00 psi)

Water temperature sensor Type

Thermister type

Resistance 20 C (68 F)

2.45 ¡

80 C (176 F)

0.3222 k

0.14 k

LIMIT

EM -6

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

TIGHTENING TORQUE

LCAC0200

* Bolt size = Diameter x Length ITEM

Quantity

Tightening torque N-m

Kg-m

lb-ft

Main bearing cap bolt

10

127.5 - 137.3

13 - 14

94.0 - 101.3

Connecting rod cap nut

8

58.8 - 0 + 34.3 + 60 ~ 64

6.0 - 0 + 3.5 + 60 ~ 64

43.4 - 0 + 25.3 + 60 ~ 64

Oil jet bolt

4

29.4 - 34.3

3.0 - 3.5

21.7 - 25.3

Crank shaft pulley bolt

1

274.6 - 294.2

28 - 30

202.5 - 217.0

Rear oil seal case bolt

5

9.8 - 11.8

1.0 - 1.2

7.2 - 8.7

Rear plate bolt

2

7.8 - 9.8

0.8 - 1.0

5.8 - 7.2

Flywheel bolt

8

127.5 - 137.3

13 - 14

94.0 - 101.3

Water pump bolt (8 x 30)

5

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Water pump bolt (8 x 45)

2

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Oil cooler fixing nut

4

17.7 - 24.5

1.8 - 2.5

13.0 - 18.1

Oil cooler cover bolt (8 x 35 )

8

19.6 - 25.5

2.0 - 2.6

14.5 - 18.8

Oil cooler cover bolt (8 x 60)

3

19.6 - 25.5

2.0 - 2.6

14.5 - 18.8

Oil pump bolt (8 x 22)

2

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Oil pump bolt (10 x 35)

1

42.2 - 53.9

4.3 - 5.5

31.1 - 39.8

Oil pump bolt (10 x 60)

1

42.2 - 53.9

4.3 - 5.5

31.1 - 39.8

Oil screen bolt

2

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Oil feed pipe bolt

3

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Oil filter assembly

1

21.6 - 24.5

2.2 - 2.5

15.9 - 18.1

Oil pan bolt

22

9.8 - 11.8

1.0 - 1.2

7.2 - 8.7

Oil level gauge bolt

1

11.8 - 14.7

1.2 - 1.5

8.7 - 10.8

Bed plate bolt (6 x 18)

3

7.8 - 11.8

0.8 - 1.2

5.8 - 8.7

Bed plate bolt (6 x 30)

13

7.8 - 11.8

0.8 - 1.2

5.8 - 8.7

Bed plate bolt (8 x 45)

8

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Bell housing cover bolt

2

9.8 - 11.8

1.0 - 1.2

7.2 - 8.7

Oil pressure switch

1

14.7 - 21.6

1.5 - 2.2

10.8 - 15.9

Cylinder head cover bolt

16

9.8 - 11.8

1.0 - 1.2

7.2 - 8.7

Camshaft cap bolt

20

13.7 - 14.7

1.4 - 1.6

10.1 - 10.8

Cylinder head bolt

18

49.0+120 +90

5.0 + 120 +90

36.2+120 +90

TDC sensor bolt

1

6.9-10.8

0.7-1.1

5.1-8.0

Water temperature sensor

1

29.4 - 39.2

3.0 - 4.0

21.7 - 28.9

Glow plug

4

14.7 - 19.6

1.5 - 2.0

10.8 - 14.5

Glow plug plate nut

4

0.8 - 1.5

0.08 - 0.15

0.6 - 1.1

Engine hanger bolt

4

18.6 - 28.4

1.9 - 2.9

13.7 - 21.0

Thermostat housing bolt

2

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

GENERAL

EM -7 ITEM

Quantity

Tightening torque N-m

Kg-m

lb-ft

Exhaust manifold lock nut

8

16.7 - 25.5

1.7 - 2.6

12.3 - 18.8

Exhaust manifold heat protector bolt

3

14.7 - 21.6

1.5 - 2.2

10.8 - 15.9

Turbo charger nut

3

49.0 - 68.6

5.0 - 7.0

36.2 - 50.6

Turbo charger fitting nut

4

26.5 - 31.4

2.7 - 3.2

19.5 - 23.1

Turbo charger oil return pipe bolt

2

7.8 - 9.8

0.8 - 1.0

5.8 - 7.2

Turbo charger oil inlet pipe bolt

2

13.7 - 18.6

1.4 - 1.9

10.1 - 13.7

Turbo charger water inlet pipe bolt

2

34.3 - 49.0

3.5 - 5.0

25.3 - 36.2

Turbo charger heat protector bolt

3

14.7 - 21.6

1.5 - 2.2

10.8 - 15.9

Intake manifold bolt (8 x 112)

4

14.7 - 19.6

1.5 - 2.0

10.8 - 14.5

Intake manifold bolt (8 x 32)

2

14.7 - 19.6

1.5 - 2.0

10.8 - 14.5

Intake manifold nut

4

14.7 - 19.6

1.5 - 2.0

10.8 - 14.5

EGR valve bolt

2

16.7 - 25.5

1.7 - 2.6

12.3 - 18.8

EGR pipe nut

4

16.7 - 25.5

1.7 - 2.6

12.3 - 18.8

Timing chain lower under cover bolt (6 x 14)

4

9.8 - 11.8

1.0 - 1.2

7.2 - 8.7

Timing chain lower under cover bolt (8 x 22)

1

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Timing chain lower under cover bolt (8 x 30)

3

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Timing chain lower under cover bolt (8 x 40)

1

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

LH balance shaft driven gear bolt

1

33.3 - 39.2

3.4 - 4.0

24.6 - 28.9

LH balance shaft sprocket nut

1

49.0 - 58.8

5.0 - 6.0

36.2 - 43.4

RH balance shaft sprocket bolt

1

33.3 - 39.2

3.4 - 4.0

24.6 - 28.9

Timing chain guide “A” bolt (upper)

1

9.8 - 11.8

1.0 - 1.2

7.2 - 8.7

Timing chain guide “A” bolt (lower)

1

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Timing chain lever “A” bolt

1

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Timing chain auto tensioner “A” bolt

2

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Timing chain guide “B” (1) bolt

2

9.8 - 11.8

1.0 - 1.2

7.2 - 8.7

Timing chain guide “B” (2) bolt

2

9.8 - 11.8

1.0 - 1.2

7.2 - 8.7

Timing chain auto tensioner “B” bolt

2

9.8 - 11.8

1.0 - 1.2

7.2 - 8.7

Timing chain lower front cover bolt (8 x 22)

1

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Timing chain lower front cover bolt (8 x 40)

1

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Timing chain lower front cover bolt (8 x 50)

6

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Timing chain lower front cover bolt (8 x 70)

6

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Timing chain lower front cover bolt (8 x 80)

4

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Timing chain upper under cover bolt (6 x 14)

4

9.8 - 11.8

1.0 - 1.2

7.2 - 8.7

Timing chain upper under cover bolt (6 x 22)

9

9.8 - 11.8

1.0 - 1.2

7.2 - 8.7

Timing chain upper under cover bolt (8 x 22)

1

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Timing chain upper under cover bolt (8 x 40)

1

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Timing chain upper under cover nut

1

9.8 - 11.8

1.0 - 1.2

7.2 - 8.7

Timing chain guide “C” (1) bolt

2

9.8 - 11.8

1.0 - 1.2

7.2 - 8.7

EM -8

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM ITEM

Quantity

Tightening torque N-m

Kg-m

lb-ft

Timing chain guide “C” (2) bolt

2

9.8 - 11.8

1.0 - 1.2

7.2 - 8.7

Timing chain lever “C” bolt

1

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Timing chain auto tensioner “C” bolt

2

9.8 - 11.8

1.0 - 1.2

7.2 - 8.7

High pressure pump sprocket nut

1

64.7 - 74.5

6.6 - 7.6

47.7 - 55.0

Camshaft sprocket bolt

2

93.2 - 117.7

9.5 - 12

68.7 - 86.8

Timing chain upper front cover bolt

9

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

High pressure pump bracket bolt (8 x 35)

2

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

High pressure pump bracket bolt (8 x 38)

2

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

High pressure pump fixing nut

3

14.7 - 19.6

1.5 - 2.0

10.8 - 14.5

Common rail fixing bolt

3

14.7 - 21.6

1.5 - 2.2

10.8 - 15.9

Injector clamp bolt

4

27.5 - 33.3

2.8 - 3.4

20.3 - 24.6

High pressure pipe (pump to rail)

1

24.5 - 28.4

2.5 - 2.9

18.1 - 21.0

High pressure pipe (injector to rail)

4

24.5 - 28.4

2.5 - 2.9

18.1 - 21.0

Water pump pulley nut

4

9.8 - 11.8

1.0 - 1.2

7.2 - 8.7

Alternator bracket bolt (8 x 60)

2

18.6 - 27.5

1.9 - 2.8

13.7 - 20.3

Alternator bracket bolt (8 x 35)

2

18.6 - 27.5

1.9 - 2.8

13.7 - 20.3

Alternator fixing bolt & nut (upper)

1

18.6 - 27.5

1.9 - 2.8

13.7 - 20.3

Alternator fixing bolt & nut (lower)

1

18.6 - 27.5

1.9 - 2.8

13.7 - 20.3

Power steering pump bracket bolt (8 x 30)

1

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Power steering pump bracket bolt (8 x 40)

3

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Power steering pump bracket bolt (8 x 75)

2

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Power steering pump fixing bolt (upper)

1

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Power steering pump fixing bolt (lower)

1

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Air conditioner compressor fixing bolt

4

19.6 - 26.5

2.0 - 2.7

14.5 - 19.5

Drive belt pulley fixing bolt

3

47.1 - 53.0

4.8 - 5.4

34.7 - 39.1

Drive belt auto tensioner fixing bolt

1

47.1 - 53.0

4.8 - 5.4

34.7 - 39.1

Starter fixing bolt

2

26.5 - 33.3

2.7 - 3.4

14.5 - 24.6

Engine support bracket bolt

2

47.1 - 51.0

4.8 - 5.2

34.7 - 37.6

GENERAL SPECIAL TOOLS

EM -9 LCAC0300

Tool (Number and Name)

Illustration

Use

Torque angle adapter (09221-4A000)

Installation of bolts & nuts needing an angular method

LCAC030A

Valve spring compressor (09222-22100)

Removal and installation of intake and exhaust valves

LCAC030B

Compression gauge & adapter (09351-27000) (09351-4A100)

Checking engine compression pressure

LCAC030C

Valve stem seal installer (09222-4A000)

Installation of valve stem oil seals

LCAC030D

Injector remover (09351-4A000)

Removal of injectors

LCAC030E

EM -10 Tool (Number and Name)

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM Illustration

Use

High pressure pump sprocket remover (09331-4A000)

Removal of high pressure pump sprockert

LCAC030F

Crank shaft rear oil seal installer (09231-4A100)

Installation of crank shaft rear oil seals

LCAC030G

Timing chain lower front cover oil seal installer (09214-4A000)

Installation of timing chain lower front cover oil seal

LCAC030H

Balance shaft drive gear bearing (bush) installer/remover (09231-4A000)

Removal and installation of LH balance shaft drive gear bearing (bush)

LCAC030I

GENERAL TROUBLESHOOTING Symptom Low compression

EM -11 LCAC0400

Probable cause

Remedy

Damaged cylinder head gasket

Replace gasket

Worn or damaged piston rings

Replace rings

Worn piston or cylinder

Repair or replace piston and/or cylinder block

Worn or damaged valve seat

Repair or replace valve and/or seat ring

Low engine oil level

Check engine oil level

Faulty oil pressure switch

Replace

Clogged oil filter

Replace

Worn oil pump gears or cover

Replace

Thin or diluted engine oil

Change and find out cause

Oil relief valve stuck (open)

Repair

Excessive bearing clearance

Replace

High oil pressure

Oil relief valve stuck (closed)

Repair

Excessive engine vibration

Loose engine mounting bolt

Retighten

Loose transmission mounting bolt

Retighten

Loose cross member bolt

Retighten

Broken transmission mounting rubber

Replace

Broken engine mounting rubber

Replace

Thin or diluted engine oil (low oil pressure)

Change

Worn or damaged valve stem or valve guide

Replace

Insufficient oil supply

Check engine oil level

Thin or diluted engine oil

Change and find out cause

Excessive bearing clearance

Replace

Oil pressure drop

Noisy valves Connecting rod and/main beaing noise

Low coolant level

Clogged radiator

Leakage of coolant Damaged radiator core joint

Replace

Corroded or cracked hoses (radiator hose, heater hose, etc)

Replace

Faulty radiator cap valve or setting of spring

Replace

Faulty thermostat

Replace

Faulty engine coolant pump

Replace

Foreign material in coolant

Replace

EM -12

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM Symptom

Abnormally high coolant temperature

Probable cause

Remedy

Faulty thermostat

Replace

Faulty radiator cap

Replace

Restricted of flow in cooling system

Replace

Loose or missing drive belt

Adjust or replace

Faulty engine coolant pump

Replace

Faulty temperature sensor wiring

Repair or replace

Faulty electric fan

Repair or replace

Faulty thermo-sensor on radiator

Replace

Insufficient coolant

Refill coolant

Abnormally low coolant temperature

Faulty thermostat

Replace

Faulty temperature sensor wiring

Repair or replace

Leakage from oil cooling system

Loose hose and pipe connection

Retighten

Blocked or collapsed hose and pipe

Replace

Inoperative electrical cooling fan

Damaged, fuse

Replace or repair

Exhaust gas leakage

Loose connections

Retighten

Broken pipe or muffler

Repair or replace

Detached baffle plate in muffler

Replace

Broken rubber hanger

Replace

Pipe or muffler contacting vehicle body

Correct

Broken pipe or muffler

Repair or replace

Abnormal noise

GENERAL CHECKING ENGINE OIL

EM -13 LCAC0500

1.

Position a vehicle on a level surface.

2.

Turn off the engine. NOTE If a vehicle that has not been used for a prolonged period, run the engine for several minutes. Turn off the engine and wait for 5 minutes at least, and then check the oil level.

3.

Check that the engine oil level is within the level range indicated on the oil dipstick. If the oil level is found to have fallen to the lower limit (the “L” mark), refill to the "F" mark. NOTE When refilling, use the proper grade of engine oil.

4.

Check that the oil is not dirty or mixed with coolant or gasoline and it has the proper viscosity.

LCAC050A

EM -14

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

SELECTION OF ENGINE OIL

LCAC0510

Recommended API classification : ABOVE CE Recommended SAE viscosity grades :

LCAC051A

*1

Restricted by driving condition and environment. Not recommended for sustained high speed vehicle operation.

NOTE For best performance and maximum protection of all types of operation, select only those lubricants which: 1. Satisfy the requirements of the API classification. 2. Have the proper SAE grade number for expected ambient temperature renge. Lubricants which do not have both SAE grade number and an API service classification on the container should not be used.

GENERAL CHANGING ENGINE OIL

EM -15 3.

LCAC0520

Tighten the oil filter of the specified torque. Oil filter : 22 - 25 N·m (220 - 250 kg-cm, 16 - 18 lb-ft)

1.

Run the engine until it reaches normal operating temperature.

2.

Turn off the engine.

4.

3.

Remove the oil filler cap and the drain plug. Drain the engine oil.

Start and run the engine and check for engine oil leaks.

5.

After stopping the engine, check the oil level and add oil as necessary.

4.

Tighten the drain plug to the specified torque. Tightening torque Oil pan drain plug : 35-45 N·m (350-450 kg·cm, 25-33 lb·ft) NOTE Whenever tightening the oil drain plug, use a new drain plug gasket.

5.

CHECKING COOLANT LEAK

LCAC0600

1.

Loosen the radiator cap.

2.

Confirm that the coolant level is up to the filler neck.

3.

Install a radiator cap tester to the radiator filler neck and apply 150 KPa (21psi, 1.53 kg/cm²) pressure. Hold it for two minutes in that condition while checking for leakage from the radiator, hoses or connections.

Fill new engine oil through the oil filler cap opening. Capacity : Drain and refill : 7.4 liter Oil filter : 0.8 liter Total : 8.2 liter NOTE Do not overfill. This will cause oil aeration and loss of oil pressure.

6.

Install the oil filler cap.

7.

Start and run the engine.

8.

Turn off the engine and then check the oil level. Add oil if necessary.

LCAC060A

CAUTION 1.

PROCEDURE FOR REPLACING THE OIL FILTER LCAC0530 1.

Use a filter wrench to remove the oil filter.

2.

Before installing the new oil filter on the engine, apply clean engine oil of the surface of the rubber gasket.

2. 3. 4.

4.

LCAC053A

Radiator coolant may be extremely hot. Do not open the system because hot, or scalding water could gush out causing personal injury. Allow the vehicle to cool before servicing this system. When the tester is removed, be careful not to spill any coolant from it. Be sure to clean away completely any from the area. Be careful when installing and removing the tester and when testing, not to deform the filler neck of the radiator.

If there is leakage, repair or replace with the appropriate part.

EM -16

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

RADIATOR CAP PRESSURE TEST

LCAC0610

1.

Use an adapter to attach the cap to the tester.

2.

Increase the pressure until the gauge stops moving. Main valve opening pressure : 107.9±14.7kPa (1.1±0.15 kg/cm2, 15.64±2.13 psi) Main valve closing pressure : 83.4 kPa (0.85 kg/cm2, 12.1 psi)

SPECIFIC GRAVITY TEST

LCAC0620

1.

Measure the specific gravity of the coolant with a hydrometer.

2.

Measure the coolant temperature and calculate the concentration from the relation between the specific gravity and temperature, using the following table for reference.

LCAC062A

LCAC061A

3.

Check that the pressure level is maintained at or above the limit.

4.

Replace the radiator cap if the reading does not remain at or above the limit. NOTE Be sure that the cap is clean before testing, since rust or other foreign material on the cap seal will cause an incorrect reading.

GENERAL

EM -17

RELATION BETWEEN COOLANT CONCENTRATION AND SPECIFIC GRAVITY LCAC0630 Coolant temperature C ( F) and specific gravity

Safe operating temperature C ( F)

Coolant concentration (Specific volume)

10 (50)

20 (68)

30 (86)

40 (104)

50 (122)

Freezing temperature C ( F)

1.054

1.050

1.046

1.042

1.036

-16 (3.2)

-11 (12.2)

30%

1.063

1.058

1.054

1.049

1.044

-20 (-4)

-15 (5)

35%

1.071

1.067

1.062

1.057

1.052

-25 (-13)

-20 (-4)

40%

1.079

1.074

1.069

1.064

1.058

-30 (-22)

-25 (-13)

45%

1.087

1.082

1.076

1.070

1.064

-36 (-32.8)

-31 (-23.8)

50%

1.095

1.090

1.084

1.077

1.070

-42 (-44)

-37 (-35)

55%

1.103

1.098

1.092

1.084

1.076

-50 (-58)

-45 (-49)

60%

Example) The safe operating temperature is -15 C (5 F) when the measured specific gravity is 1.058 at coolant temperature of 20 C (68 F)

• If the concentration is above 60%, both the anti-freeze and engine cooling property will decrease, affecting the engine adversely. For these reasons, be sure to maintain the concentration level within the specified range. • Do not mix types of anti-freeze.

CAUTION •

If the concentration of the coolant is below 30%, its anti-corrosion properties will be adversely affected.

RECOMMENDED COOLANT Antifreeze

Mixture ratio of anti freeze in coolant

ETHYLENE GLYCOL BASE FOR ALUMINUM

50% [Except tropical areas] 40% [Tropical areas]

EM -18

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

CHECKING COMPRESSION PRESSURE LCAC0700

ADJUSTING DRIVE BELT AND TENSIONER LCAC0800

1.

Before checking engine compression, check the engine oil level. Also check that the starter motor and battery are all in normal operating condition.

1.

2.

Start the engine and wait until the engine coolant temperature reaches 80-95 C (176-205 F).

3.

Turn off the engine and remove the aircleaner element.

4.

Remove the injectors.

5.

Crank the engine to remove any foreign material in the cylinders.

6.

7.

Check that the belts are not damaged and are properly placed for the pulley grooves.

LCAC080A

Insert the compression gauge (09351 - 27000) into the injector hole.

CAUTION 1.

Crank the engine and read the gauge.

2.

Standard value : 2942 kpa (30 Kg/cm2, 426 psi)-270rpm

2.

When installing the V-ribbed belt, check that the V-ribs are properly aligned. If noise or slippage is detected, check the belt for wear, damage, or breakage on the pulley contact surface, and check the pulley for scoring. Also check the amount that the belt is deflected.

Install the belt in the following order.

LCAC070A

8.

Repeat steps 6 to 7 for all cylinders, ensuring that the pressure difference for each of the cylinders is within the specified limit.

Limit :

9.

Max. 490 kpa (5.0 kg/cm2,71 psi) between cylinders

If a cylinder’s compression or pressure differential is outside the specification, add a small amount of oil through the injector hole, and repeat steps 6 to 8. 1)

2)

If the addition of oil causes the compression to rise, it is likely that there may be wear between the piston ring and cylinder wall. If compression remains the same, valve seizure, poor valve seating or a compression leak from the cylinder head gasket are all possible causes.

LCAC080C

1)

Install the belt in RH side of the auto-tensioner pulley. Auto-tensioner pulley ⇒ Crankshaft pulley ⇒ Idler ⇒ Air conditioner compressor pulley ⇒ Idler ⇒ Water pump pulley

GENERAL

3.

EM -19

2)

Install the belt in LH side of the auto-tensioner pulley. Auto-tensioner pulley ⇒ Power steering pump pulley ⇒ Alternator pulley

3)

Loosen the belt tension by turning the auto-tensioner clockwise (about 39 ), and then install the belt on the idler between the alternator pulley and the water pump pulley.

The tensioner mark should be between the “*” position. If not, replace the belt.

*

LCAC080B

EM -20

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

ENGINE BLOCK ENGINE BLOCK COMPONENTS

LCAC0900

LCAC090A

ENGINE BLOCK DISASSEMBLY

EM -21 4.

LCAC0910

Remove the cylinder head, timing chain, timing chain cover, flywheel, pistons and crankshaft. For further details, refer to the appropriate section.

INSPECTION

Using cylinder gauge, measure the cylinder bore. If it wears out excessively, bore the cylinder to oversize and replace the piston and piston rings. Measurement points are as shown. Standard value : 91.000 - 91.030 mm (3.5827-3.5839 in)

LCAC0920

NOTE 1. 2. 3.

1.

2.

Before inspection and repair, clean parts to remove dirt, oil, carbon, deposits, and scale. Before cleaning the cylinder block, be sure to check for evidences of water leaks and damage. Romove contaminants from oil holes with compressed air and, at the same time, make sure that they are not blocked.

Check for scratches, rust, and corrosion. Use also a flaw-detecting agent for the check. If defects are evident, correct or replace. Using a straightedge and thickness gauge, check the cylinder block top surface for flatness. Lay the straightedge longways and crossways as indicated by A, B,... in illustration. If flatness is flatness is not within the limit, replace the cylinder block top surface is free from any traces of gasket material. Standard value : 0.05 mm (0.002 in.) Limit : 0.1 mm (0.004 in.)

LCAC092A

3.

Check cylinder wall for scratches and seizure. If defects are evident, correct (to oversize) or replace.

LCAC092B

REASSEMBLY

LCAC0930

Install the following parts by referring to their respective paragrabhs. 1.

Crankshaft

2.

Flywheel

3.

Piston

4.

Cylinder head

5.

Timing chain

6.

Timing chain cover

EM -22

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

ENGINE MOUNTS COMPONENTS

LCAC1000

LCAC100A

ENGINE BLOCK

EM -23

OIL PAN COMPONENT

LCAC1100

LCAC110A

EM -24

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

INSTALLATION 1.

LCAC1110

Install the bed plate after apply sealant. Clean the foreign material from mating surface before apply sealant.

Bolt

Size

Quantity

Tightening torque N-m (kg-m, lb-ft)

A

6 x 18

3 EA

7.8-11.8 (0.8-1.2, 5.8-8.7)

B

6 x 30

13 EA

7.8-11.8 (0.8-1.2, 5.8-8.7)

C

8 x 45

8 EA

19.6-26.5 (2.0-2.7, 14.5-19.5)

* Bolts size = Diameter x Length

LCAC111A

2.

Install the oil pan after apply sealant. Clean the foreign material from mating surface before apply sealant. Tightening torque : 9.8-11.8 N-m (1.0-1.2 kg-m, 7.2-8.7 lb-ft)

LCAC111B

ENGINE BLOCK

EM -25

ENGINE AND TRANSAXLE ASSEMBLY

5.

Remove the battery and battery tray.

REMOVAL (A/T EQUIPPED VEHICLE) LCAC1200 1.

Remove the engine hood.

2.

Remove the engine cover.

LCAC120D

6.

Remove the inter cooler hose and pipe on the intake manifold side.

LCAC120A

3.

Drain the engine coolant.

LCAC120E

7.

Disconnect the air cleaner hose.

LCAC120B

4.

Drain the transmission oil.

LCAC120F

8.

Disconnect the engine coolant reservoir tank hose and the heater hose.

LCAC120C

LCAC120G

EM -26 9.

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

Remove the inter cooler hose on the turbo charger side.

15. Remove the fixing bolt of air-con condenser and ATF oil cooler bracket from the radiator assembly.

10. Loosen the drive belt tension by turning auto-tensioner with spanner, and then remove the drive belt.

LCAC191D

16. Disconnect the ATF oil hoses. 17. Remove the radiator assembly from engine room, after remove the radiator assembly bracket fixing nut. 18. Drain the power steering oil. 19. Disconnect the power steering pump hose and pipe. 20. Disconnect the earth terminal and the glow plug connector. LCAC120H

11. Disconnect the radiator upper hose and lower hose. 12. Remove the radiator cowl upper cover.

LCAC120K

21. Disconnect the alternator “B” terminal and connector. LCAC120I

13. Remove the cooling fan. 14. Remove the radiator cowl lower cover.

22. Disconnect the engine oil pressure switch connector. 23. Remove the air conditioner compressor within connected hose from the cylinder block, and then fix it with a wire.

ENGINE BLOCK

EM -27

24. Disconnect the injector, TDC sensor, water temperature sensor and starter connector.

LCAC120N

30. Remove the front propeller shaft.

LCAC120L

25. Disconnect the fuel hoses from the high pressure pump.

LCAC120O

26. Disconnect the vacuum hoses from the EGR valve and intake manifold. 27. Disconnect the earth terminal from the cylinder block. 28. Remove the transmission oil level gauge pipe. 29. Remove the rear propeller shaft. LCAC120P

LCAC120M

EM -28

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

31. Remove the front exhaust pipe and muffler.

LCAC120U

LCAC120Q

34. Remove the transmission oil pipes. 35. Remove the drive plate-to-torque converter fixing bolts (6EA), after remove the bell housing cover. Rotate crank shaft pulley to gain access to all bolts.

LCAC120R

32. Remove the shift cable from the transmission. 33. Disconnect the connectors (8EA) from the transmission.

LCAC120V

36. Remove the starter. 37. Remove the transmission housing fixing bolts. 38. Remove the transmission mounting and the cross member, after support the transmission by using a jack.

LCAC120S

LCAC120W

LCAC120T

ENGINE BLOCK

EM -29

39. Remove the transmission from the vehicle.

4.

40. Remove the engine mounting.

Install the transmission mounting and the cross member. Tightening torque Transmission to Mounting: 39.2-56.9 N·m( 4.0- 5.8 kg·m, 28.9-42.0 lb·ft) Mounting to Cross member : 19.6-28.4 N·m( 2.0-2.9 kg·m, 14.5-21.0 lb·ft)

41. Remove the engine assembly from engine room, by using a engine crane.

LCAC120X

INSTALLATION (A/T EQUIPPED VEHICLE) LCAC1210

5.

Install the transmission housing fixing bolts.

1.

Install the engine assembly to engine room, by using a engine crane.

6.

Install the starter.

2.

Install the engine mounting.

LCAC121B

Tightening torque 26.5-33.3 N·m (2.7-3.4 kg·m, 19.5-24.6 lb·ft)

Tightening torque 68.6-88.3 N·m ( 7.0- 9.0 kg·m, 50.6-65.1 lb·ft)

7.

Install the drive plate-to-torque converter fixing bolts (6EA). Rotate crank shaft pulley to gain access to all bolts.

8.

Install the bell housing cover. Tightening torque 9.8-11.8 N·m(1.0-1.2 kg·m, 7.2-8.7 lb·ft)

9.

Install the transmission oil pipe.

10. Reconnect the connectors (8EA) to the transmission. 11. Install the shift cable to the transmission. LCAC121A

3.

Install the transmission to the vehicle by using a jack.

12. Install the front exhaust pipe and muffler. Tightening torque 42.2-60.8 N·m(4.3-6.2 kg·m, 31.1-44.8 lb·ft) 13. Install the front propeller shaft. Tightening torque : Part time 4WD : 26.5·29.4 N-m (2.6-3.0 kg·m, 18.8-21.7 lb·ft) Full time 4WD : 49.0-58.8 N·m (5.0-6.0 kg·m, 36.2-43.4 lb·ft)

EM -30 14. Install the rear propeller shaft. Tightening torque 49.0-58.8 N·m (5.0-6.0 kg·m, 36.2-43.4 lb·ft) 15. Install the transmission oil level gauge pipe. 16. Install the earth terminal to the cylinder block. 17. Reconnect the vacuum hoses to the EGR valve and intake manifold. 18. Reconnect the fuel hose to the high pressure pump. 19. Reconnect the injector, TDC sensor, water temperature sensor and starter connector. 20. Install the air conditioner compressor to the cylinder block. Tightening torque 19.6-24.5 N·m (2.0-2.5 kg·m, 14.5-18.1 lb·ft) 21. To install all of parts, follow the removal procedures in the reverse order. 22. Refill the transmission oil and the power steering oil and then check for leaks. 23. Refill the engine coolant and then check for leaks.

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

MAIN MOVING SYSTEM

EM -31

MAIN MOVING SYSTEM CAM SHAFT COMPONENTS

LCAC1300

LCAC130A

EM -32 DISASSEMBLY

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM LCAC1310

1.

Remove the cylinder head cover. Refer to "Cylinder head cover".

2.

Remove the timing chain "C" . Refer to "Timing chain".

3.

Remove the camshaft sprocket.

4.

Remove the camshaft caps.

5.

Remove the camshaft and camshaft carrier.

REASSEMBLY 1.

Install the camshaft carrier on the cylinder head.

2.

Install the camshaft on the camshaft carrier. CAUTION In assembling camshaft cap, all pistons to be in the middle position between TDC and BDC not to interfere with valves.

3.

INSPECTION 1.

LCAC1330

LCAC1320

Install the camshaft caps. Tightening torque : 13.7-15.7 N-m (1.4-1.6 kg-m, 10.1-11.6 lb-ft)

Check the camshaft journals for wear. If the journals are badly worn, replace the camshaft. End play : 0.10 - 0.20 mm (0.0039 - 0.0079 in) Camshaft journals diameter : 29.964-29.980 mm (1.1797-1.1803 in)

2.

Check the cam lobes for damage. If the lobe is damaged or worn excessively, replace the camshaft. Cam height (LH) : Intake : 40.163 mm (1.5812 in) Exhaust : 40.043 mm (1.5765 in) Cam height (RH) : Intake : 39.782 mm (1.5662 in) Exhaust : 40.456 mm (1.5928 in)

LCAC133A

4.

Install the camshaft sprocket. Tightening torque : 93.2-117.7 N-m (9.5-12.0 kg-m, 68.7-86.8 lb-ft)

5.

Install the timing chain "C". Refer to "Timing chain".

6.

Install the cylinder head cover. Refer to "Cylinder head cover".

MAIN MOVING SYSTEM

EM -33

CONNECTING ROD COMPONENTS

LCAC1400

LCAC140A

EM -34

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

DISASSEMBLY

3.

LCAC1410

1.

Remove the timing chain "C". Refer to "Timing chain".

2.

Remove the camshaft. Refer to "Camshaft".

3.

Remove the cylinder head assembly. Refer to "Cylinder head".

4.

Remove the oil pan and bed plate. Refer to "Oil pan".

5.

Remove the connecting rod cap.

Measure connecting rod bearing oil clearance. 1)

Remove all foreign material and oil from the pin journals and connecting rod bearing surface.

2)

Position a plastic gauge atop the pin journals in axial direction .

3)

Install the connecting rod cap and tighten bolts. Tightening torque : 1. Tighten 58.8 N-m (6.0 kg-m, 43.4 lb-ft), and fulley loosen bolt. 2. Retighten 34.3 N-m (3.5 kg-m, 25.3 lb-ft) + 60 ~ 64

NOTE Mark the connecting rod bearing caps to be able to reassemble in the original position and direction. 6.

4)

Remove the piston and connecting rod assembly from the cylinder block.

7.

Remove the piston pin with snap ring.

8.

Remove the piston from connection rod.

9.

Remove the piston ring from piston.

INSPECTION

Remove the connecting rod cap, and measure oil clearance at each journal. Oil clearance : 0.024 - 0.042 mm (0.0009 - 0.0017 in)

LCAC1420

CONNECTING ROD BEARING 1.

Before removing the connecting rod cap, measure connecting rod side clearance. If side clearance exceeds specification, replace the connecting rod. Side clearance : 0.05 - 0.25 mm (0.0020 - 0.0098 in)

LCAC142A

2.

Remove the connecting rod cap.

LCAC142B

4.

If oil clearance exceeds specification, replace the connecting rod bearing. Refer to "connecting rod bearing replacement".

MAIN MOVING SYSTEM REPLACEMENT

EM -35 CRANKSHAFT PIN JOURNAL DIAMETER

LCAC1430

CONNECTING ROD BEARING 1.

Check the connecting rod big-end bore size code. NOTE Record the connecting rod big-end bore size code letters on connecting rod cap as shown.

3.

Code

Crankshaft pin journal diameter mm (in)

A

56.994 - 57.000 (2.2439 - 2.2441)

B

56.988 - 56.994 (2.2436 - 2.2439)

C

56.982 - 56.988 (2.2434 - 2.2436)

Choose proper connecting rod bearing in below table.

CONNECTING ROD BEARING SELECTION TABLE Connecting rod big-end bore size code

Connecting rod bearing Crankshaft pin journal size code LCAC143A

CONNECTING ROD BIG-END DIAMETER

2.

Code

Connecting rod big-end diameter mm (in)

A

60.000 - 60.006 (2.3622 - 2.3624)

B

60.006 - 60.012 (2.3624 - 2.3627)

C

60.012 - 60.018 (2.3627 - 2.3629)

Check the crankshaft pin journal size code. NOTE Record the pin journal size code letters on the No. 1 crankshaft balance weight. Reading order is from left to right as shown, with No. 1 pin journal size code shown first.

LCAC143B

A

B

C

1

Green

Yellow

None

2

Yellow

None

Blue

3

None

Blue

Red

Connecting rod bearing oil clearance : 0.024 - 0.042 mm (0.0009 - 0.0017 in) CONNECTING ROD BEARING THICKNESS Color

Connecting rod bearing thickness mm (in)

Red

1.497 - 1.500 (0.0589 - 0.0591)

Blue

1.494 - 1.497 (0.0588 - 0.0589)

None

1.491 - 1.494 (0.0587 - 0.0588)

Yellow

1.488 - 1.491 (0.0586- 0.0587)

Green

1.485 - 1.488 (0.0585 - 0.0586)

EM -36 REASSEMBLY

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM LCAC1440

PISTON PIN 1.

Check the front mark of the piston and connecting rod.

LCAC145B

3.

Install the connecting rod bearing on the connecting rod and cap.

LCAC144A

2.

Line up the front marks and insert the piston pin. The piston pin must be smoothly pressed by hand into position.

3.

Install the snap ring. LCAC1450 LCAC145C

PISTON AND CONNECTING ROD ASSEMBLY 1.

Insert the piston and connecting rod assembly from above the top of cylinder. Ensure that the front mark on the piston crown and that (front mark) on the connecting rod face toward the front of engine (to the crankshaft pulley side).

LCAC145A

2.

Clamp firm the piston rings with the ring band and install the piston assembly into cylinder. Do not strike it hard into the piston, as broken piston ring or damaged crankshaft pin journal could result.

4.

Install the connecting rod and cap to crankshaft pin journal. Tightening torque : 1. Tighten 58.8 N-m (6.0 kg-m, 43.4 lb-ft), and fully loosen bolt. 2. Retighten 34.3 N-m (3.5 kg-m, 25.3 lb-ft) + 60~64

5.

Install the oil pan and bed plate. Refer to "Oil pan".

6.

Install the cylinder head assembly. Refer to "Cylinder head".

7.

Install the camshaft. Refer to "Camshaft".

8.

Install the timing chain "C". Refer to "Timing chain".

MAIN MOVING SYSTEM

EM -37

COUNTER BALANCE SHAFT COMPONENTS

LCAC1500

LCAC150A

EM -38 DISASSEMBLY

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM INSPECTION

LCAC1510

1.

Remove the timing chain A, B, C. Refer to "Timing Chain".

2.

Remove the plug on the cylinder block and insert a screw driver to prevent rotation of balance shaft.

LCAC1520

1.

The oil holes must be free from clogging.

2.

Check damage for balance shaft journal. If defects are evident, replace the balance shaft.

3.

Check the balance shaft for oil clearance. If wear is excessive, replace the balance shaft or cylinder block. Item

4. LCAC151A

3. 4.

Specification (mm(in))

Balance shaft Journal Outer diameter

Front

48.975 - 49.000 (1.9281 - 1.9291)

Rear

47.965 - 47.990 (1.8884 - 1.8894)

Balance shaft Bearing (Bush) Inner diameter

Front

49.050 - 49.080 (1.9311 - 1.9323)

Rear

48.050 - 48.080 (1.8917 - 1.8929)

Oil clearance

Front

0.050 - 0.105 (0.0020 - 0.0041)

Rear

0.060 - 0.115 (0.0024 - 0.0045)

Check the drive gear shaft of LH balance shaft for oil clearance. If wear is excessive, replace the drive gear or timing chain lower under cover.

Remove the RH balance shaft sprocket with bolt. Remove the LH balance shaft sprocket with nut. Remove the LH balance shaft driven gear bolt.

5.

Remove the timing chain lower under cover.

6.

Remove the balance shaft.

Item

Specification (mm(in))

Drive gear shaft Outer diameter

23.968 - 23.980 (0.9436 - 0.9441)

Drive gear shaft bearing(bush) Inner diameter

24.004 - 24.025 (0.9450 - 0.9459)

Oil clearance

0.024 - 0.057 (0.0009 - 0.0022)

MAIN MOVING SYSTEM REASSEMBLY

EM -39 5.

LCAC1530

1.

Apply engine oil on the balance shaft journal and the balance shaft bearing (bush).

2.

Insert the balance shafts into cylinder block.

3.

Install the balance shaft drive gear and driven gear on the timing chain lower under cover.

Install the timing chain lower under cover.

Drive gear and driven gear cover : Tightening torque : 7.8-11.8 N-m (0.8-1.2 kg-m, 5.8-8.7 lb-ft) LCAC153C

NOTE Align timing mark on the drive gear and driven gear.

Bolt

Size

Quantity

Tightening torque N-m (kg-m, lb-ft)

A

6 x 14

4 EA

9.8-11.8 (1.0-1.2, 7.2-8.7)

B

8 x 22

1 EA

19.6-26.5 (2.0-2.7, 14.5-19.5)

C

8 x 30

3 EA

19.6-26.5 (2.0-2.7, 14.5-19.5)

D

8 x 40

1 EA

19.6-26.5 (2.0-2.7, 14.5-19.5)

* Bolts size = Diameter x Length 6.

Insert a screw driver in the cylinder block plug hole. Because, prevent rotation of balance shaft.

LCAC153A

4.

Apply sealant on the timing chain lower under cover after clean foreign material. Sealant type : Lotite #5902 Bead width : 2 - 4mm (0.08 - 0.16 in)

LCAC153B

LCAC151A

EM -40 7.

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

Install the LH balance shaft driven gear bolt(8 x 16).

REPLACEMENT

Tightening torque : 33.3-39.2 N-m (3.4-4.0 kg-m, 24.6-28.9 lb-ft)

LH BALANCE SHAFT DRIVE GEAR BEARING (BUSH)

LCAC1540

1.

Use the special tool (09231-4A000) to install or remove the LH balance shaft drive gear bearing.

2.

To remove the bearing, install the special tool (092314A000).

LCAC154A

LCAC153D

8.

Install the balance shaft sprocket

3.

When installing the bearing, apply enough fluid to the bearing surface and cover.

4.

Press-fit the bearing after aligning the bearing oil hole with the timing chain lower under cover oil hole.

Tightening torque: LH balance shaft sprocket nut: 49.0-58.8 N-m (5.0-6.0 kg-m, 36.2-43.4 lb-ft) RH balance shaft sprocket bolt (8 x 16): 33.3-39.2 N-m (3.4-4.0 kg-m, 24.6-28.9 lb-ft) 9.

Install plug on the cylinder block after remove screw driver. Tightening torque (plug) : 14.7-21.6 N-m (1.5-2.2 kg-m, 10.8-15.9 lb-ft)

10. Install the timing chain A, B, C. Refer to "Timing chain"

LCAC154B

MAIN MOVING SYSTEM

EM -41

CRANK SHAFT COMPONENTS

LCAC1600

LCAC160A

EM -42

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

DISASSEMBLY 1.

4)

LCAC1610

Remove the timing chains, timing chain cover, cylinder head assembly, oil pan, bed plate and oil pump. For details, refer to the respective chapters.

2.

Remove the rear oil seal case.

3.

Remove the connecting rod cap.

Remove the main bearing cap, and measure oil clearance at each journal. Oil clearance : 0.024 - 0.042 mm (0.0009 - 0.0017 in)

NOTE Mark the connecting rod bearing caps to be able to reassemble in the original position and direction. 4.

Remove the main bearing caps and the crankshaft. Keep the bearings in order according to the cap number.

INSPECTION 1.

LCAC162B

4. LCAC1620

Before removing the main bearing cap, measure crankshaft end play. If end play exceeds specification, replace the thrust bearing. End play : 0.05 - 0.25 mm (0.0020 - 0.0098 in)

If oil clearance exceeds specification, replace the main bearing. Refer to "main bearing replacement".

REPLACEMENT

LCAC1630

MAIN JOURNAL BEARING 1.

Check the cylinder block main bearing bore size code. NOTE Record the cylinder block main bearing bore size code letters on cylinder block as shown. Reading order is from left to right with front main bearing bore size code shown first.

LCAC162A

2.

Remove the main bearing cap.

3.

Measure main bearing oil clearance. 1)

Remove all foreign material and oil from the main journals and main bearing surface.

2)

Position a plastic gauge atop the main journals in axial direction .

3)

Install the main bearing cap and tighten bolts.

LCAC163A

Tightening torque : 127.5-137.3 N-m (13-14 kg-m, 94.0-101.3 lb-ft)

CYLINDER BLOCK MAIN BEARING BORE DIAMETER Code

Cylinder block main bearing bore diameter (mm (in))

A

71.000 - 71.006 (2.7953 - 2.7955)

B

71.006 - 71.012 (2.7955 - 2.7957)

C

71.012 - 71.018 (2.7957 - 2.7960)

MAIN MOVING SYSTEM 2.

EM -43

Check the crankshaft main journal size code.

LCAC1640

REAR OIL SEAL

NOTE Record the main journal size code letters on the crankshaft balance weight. Reading order is from left to right as shown, with No. 1 main journal size code shown first.

1.

Temporarily install a new rear oil seal to the oil seal case and install the special tool (09231-4A100) through the rear oil seal case. NOTE Apply engine fluid to the circumference of oil seal lip.

LCAC163B

CRANKSHAFT MAIN JOURNAL DIAMETER

3.

Code

Crankshaft main journal diameter (mm (in))

A

66.994 - 67.000 (2.6376 - 2.6378)

B

66.988 - 66.994 (2.6373 - 2.6376)

C

66.982 - 66.988 (2.6371 - 2.6373)

LCAC164A

REASSEMBLY 1.

Install the main bearing on the cylinder block and main bearing cap.

2.

Install the main bearing cap after place crankshaft and thrust bearing on the cylinder block.

Choose proper main journal bearing in below table.

MAIN JOURNAL BEARING SELECTION TABLE

Main journal bearing

Crankshaft pin journal Size code

Cylinder block main bearing bore size code A

B

C

A

Green

Yellow

None

B

Yellow

None

Blue

C

None

Blue

Red

Main journal bearing oil clearance : 0.024 - 0.042 mm (0.0009 - 0.0017 in)

Tightening torque : 127.5-137.3 N-m (13-14 kg-m, 94.0-101.3 lb-ft) 3.

Main journal bearing thickness (mm (in))

Red

1.997 - 2.000 (0.0786 - 0.0787)

Blue

1.994 - 1.997 (0.0785 - 0.0786)

None

1.991 - 1.994 (0.0784 - 0.0785)

Yellow

1.988 - 1.991 (0.0783 - 0.0784)

Green

1.985 - 1.988 (0.0781 - 0.0783)

Install the connecting rod cap. Tightening torque : 1. Tighten 58.8 N-m (6.0 kg-m, 43.4 lb-ft), and fully loosen bolt. 2. Retighten 34.3 N-m (3.5 kg-m, 25.3 lb-ft) + 60~64

4.

Install the rear oil seal case. Tightening torque : 9.8-11.8 N-m (1.0-1.2 kg-m, 7.2-8.7 lb-ft)

MAIN JOURNAL BEARING THICKNESS Color

LCAC1650

5.

Install the oil pump, bed plate, oil pan, cylinder head assembly, timing chain cover and timing chains. For details, refer to the respective chapters.

EM -44

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

PISTON COMPONENTS

LCAC1460

LCAC146A

MAIN MOVING SYSTEM DISASSEMBLY

EM -45

LCAC1410

LCAC1480

1.

Remove the timing chain "C". Refer to "Timing chain".

PISTON RING

2.

Remove the camshaft. Refer to "Camshaft".

1.

3.

Remove the cylinder head assembly. Refer to "Cylinder head".

Check each piston ring for breakage, damage and abnormal wear. Replace the defective rings.

2.

When the piston requires replacement, its ring should also be replaced.

3.

Measure the clearance between piston ring and ring groove.

4.

Remove the oil pan and bed plate. Refer to "Oil pan".

5.

Remove the connecting rod cap.

Piston ring side clearance : No.2 ring : 0.05-0.09 mm (0.0020-0.0035 in) Oil ring : 0.04-0.08 mm (0.0016-0.0031 in)

NOTE Mark the connecting rod bearing caps to be able to reassemble in the original position and direction. 6.

Remove the piston and connecting rod assembly from the cylinder block.

7.

Remove the piston pin with snap ring.

8.

Remove the piston from connection rod.

9.

Remove the piston ring from piston.

INSPECTION

LCAC1470 LCAC148A

PISTON 1.

Check each piston for scuffing, scoring, wear and other defects. Replace any piston that is defective.

2.

Check that the piston pin fits in the piston pin hole. Replace any piston and pin assembly that is defective. The piston pin must be smoothly pressed by hand into the pin hole (at room temperature).

4.

Place a piston ring in the cylinder bore and set it square by pushing it down with piston.

5.

Measure the end gap using a thickness gauge. Eng gap : No.1 ring : 0.25-0.40 mm (0.0098-0.0157 in) No.2 ring : 0.50-0.70 mm (0.0197-0.0276 in) Oil ring : 0.20-0.40 mm (0.0079-0.0157 in)

Piston pin outer diameter : 32.993-32.998 mm (1.2989-1.2991 in) Piston pin hole inner diameter : 33.000-33.005 mm (1.2992-1.2994 in) Connecting rod small-end inner diameter : 33.020-33.033 mm (1.3000-1.3005 in)

LCAC148B

EM -46

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

REPLACEMENT

REASSEMBLY

LCAC1490

PISTON

PISTON PIN

1.

1.

Check the cylinder bore size code on the cylinder block bottom face. Code

Cylinder bore inner diameter (mm (in))

A

91.000-91.010 (3.5827-3.5831)

B

91.010-91.020 (3.5831-3.5835)

C

91.020-91.030 (3.5835-3.5839)

LCAC1440

Check the front mark of the piston and connecting rod.

LCAC144A

LCAC149A

2.

Check the piston size code on the piston top face. Code

Piston outer diameter (mm (in))

A

90.910-90.920 (3.5791-3.5795)

B

90.920-90.930 (3.5795-3.5799)

C

90.930-90.940 (3.5799-3.5803)

LCAC149B

3.

Select the piston related to cylinder bore size code. Oil clearance : 0.080-0.100 mm (0.0031-0.0039 in)

2.

Line up the front marks and insert the piston pin. The piston pin must be smoothly pressed by hand into position.

3.

Install the snap ring.

MAIN MOVING SYSTEM

EM -47 2.

LCAC1491

PISTON RING 1.

Install the coil spring and oil ring to the piston. Then, install No.2 piston ring and No.1 piston ring in that order. Make sure that the ring side on which manufacturer and size marks are stamped, faces to the piston crown.

Clamp firm the piston rings with the ring band and install the piston assembly into cylinder. Do not strike it hard into the piston, as broken piston ring or damaged crankshaft pin journal could result.

LCAC145B

3.

Install the connecting rod bearing on the connecting rod and cap.

LCAC149C

2.

Position ends of piston ring and oil rings as illustrated.

LCAC145C

4.

Install the connecting rod and cap to crankshaft pin journal.

LCAC149D

Tightening torque : 1. Tighten 58.8 N-m (6.0 kg-m, 43.4 lb-ft), and fully loosen bolt. 2. Retighten 34.3 N-m (3.5 kg-m, 25.3 lb-ft) + 60~64

LCAC1450

PISTON AND CONNECTING ROD ASSEMBLY 1.

Insert the piston and connecting rod assembly from above the top of cylinder. Ensure that the front mark on the piston crown and that (front mark) on the connecting rod face toward the front of engine (to the crankshaft pulley side).

LCAC145A

5.

Install the oil pan and bed plate. Refer to "Oil pan".

6.

Install the cylinder head assembly. Refer to "Cylinder head".

7.

Install the camshaft. Refer to "Camshaft".

8.

Install the timing chain "C". Refer to "Timing chain".

EM -48

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

COOLING SYSTEM ENGINE COOLANT PUMP COMPONENTS

LCAC1800

LCAC180A

COOLING SYSTEM DISASSEMBLY 1.

EM -49 INSPECTION

LCAC1810

Drain the engine coolant.

1.

Check the pump for cracks, damage of wear. Replace the water pump assembly if necessary.

2.

Check the bearing for damage, abnormal noise, and sluggish rotation. Replace the water pump assembly if necessary.

3.

Check the seal for leaks. Replace the water pump assembly if necessary.

REASSEMBLY LCAC120B

2.

Remove the radiator cowl upper cover.

3.

Loosen the drive belt tension by turn auto-tensioner with spanner, and then remove the drive belt.

LCAC1820

1.

LCAC1830

Install the water pump with new gasket to the cylinder block. Tightening torque : A bolts (8x45) 2EA : 19.6-26.5 N·m (2.0-2.7 kg·m, 14.5-19.5 lb·ft) B bolts (8x45) 2EA : 19.6-26.5 N·m (2.0-2.7 kg·m, 14.5-19.5 lb·ft)

LCAC183A

LCAC120H

4.

Remove the cooling fan.

5.

Remove the water pump from cylinder block.

2.

Install the cooling fan.

3.

Install the drive belt.

4.

Install the radiator cowl upper cover.

5.

Refill the engine coolant.

EM -50

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

RADIATOR COMPONENT

LCAC1900

LCAC190A

COOLING SYSTEM REMOVAL 1.

EM -51

LCAC1910

Drain the engine coolant.

6.

Remove the cooling fan.

7.

Remove the radiator cowl lower cover.

8.

Remove the air-con condenser fixing bolt and the ATF oil cooler bracket fixing bolt from the radiator assembly.

LCAC120B

2.

Remove the battery negative terminal.

3.

Loosen the drive belt tension by turn auto-tensioner with spanner, and then remove the drive belt.

LCAC191D

9.

Remove the ATF oil hoses.

10. Remove the radiator assembly from engine room, after remove the radiator assembly bracket fixing nut. 11. Remove the inter cooler from the radiator assembly.

INSPECTION

LCAC120H

4.

Remove the radiator upper hose and lower hose.

5.

Remove the radiator cowl upper cover.

LCAC120I

LCAC1920

1.

Check for foreign material between the radiator fins.

2.

Check the radiator fins for damage and straighten if necessary.

3.

Check the radiator for corrosion, damage, rust or scale.

4.

Check the radiator hoses for cracks, damage or deterioration.

5.

Check the reservoir tank for damage.

6.

Check the ATF oil cooler hoses for cracking, damage or deterioration.

EM -52 INSTALLATION

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM LCAC1930

1.

Install the inter cooler to the radiator assembly.

2.

Install the radiator assembly to engine room.

3.

Install the ATF oil hoses.

4.

Install the air-con condenser and the ATF oil cooler to the radiator assembly.

5.

Install the radiator cowl lower cover.

6.

Install the cooling fan.

7.

Install the radiator cowl upper cover.

8.

Install the radiator upper hose and lower hose.

9.

Install the drive belt.

10. Refill the engine coolant.

COOLING SYSTEM

EM -53

RADIATOR CAP COMPONENTS

LCAC2100

LCAC210A

EM -54 INSPECTION 1.

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM LCAC2110

Check the radiator cap for damage, cracks or weakening.

LCAC211A

2.

Connect the tester to the radiator cap.

3.

Increase the pressure until the indicator stops moving.

4.

Replace the radiator cap if the reading does not hold steady for about 10 seconds.

LCAC211B

COOLING SYSTEM

EM -55

THERMOSTAT COMPONENTS

LCAC2200

LCAC220A

EM -56 REMOVAL

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM INSTALLATION

LCAC2210

1.

Drain the coolant so its level is below the thermostat.

2.

Remove the inlet fitting and gasket.

3.

Remove the thermostat.

INSPECTION

LCAC2230

1.

Check that the flange of the thermostat is correctly seated in the socket of the thermostat housing.

2.

Install the inlet fitting.

LCAC2220

1.

Heat the thermostat as shown in the illustration.

2.

Check that the valve operates properly.

3.

Verify the temperature at which the valve begins to open. Valve opening temperature : 82 C(180 F) Valve closing temperature : 77 C(171 F) Full opening temperature : 95 C(203 F)

LCAC223A

Tightening torque Engine coolant inlet fitting bolt : 19.6 - 26.5 Nm(2.0-2.7kg.m, 14.5-19.5 lb.ft) 3.

LCAC222A

Refill the coolant.

LUBRICATION SYSTEM

EM -57

LUBRICATION SYSTEM OIL PUMP COMPONENTS

LCAC2300

LCAC230A

EM -58

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

DISASSEMBLY

REASSEMBLY

LCAC2310

1.

Drain engine oil.

2.

Remove the timing chain "C" and "B". Refer to "Timing chain".

3.

Remove the oil pan. Refer to "Oil pan".

4.

Remove the oil feed pipe from the oil pump and bed plate.

1.

LCAC2330

Install the oil screen to the oil pump. Tightening torque : 19.6-26.5 N-m ( 2.0-2.7 kg-m, 14.5-19.5 lb-ft)

2.

Install the oil pump assembly to the cylinder block.

Bolt

Size

Quantity

Tightening torque N-m (kg-m, lb-ft)

5.

Remove the oil pump assembly from the cylinder block.

A

10 x 35

1 EA

42.2-53.9 (4.3-5.5, 31.1-39.8)

B

10 x 60

1 EA

42.2-53.9 (4.3-5.5, 31.1-39.8)

6.

Remove the oil screen from the oil pump.

C

8 x 22

2 EA

19.6-26.5 (2.0-2.7, 14.5-19.5)

INSPECTION

LCAC2320

* Bolts size = Diameter x Length

1.

Make sure the outer rotor and inner rotor turn smoothly with no excessive play between them.

2.

Check the side clearance and body clearance.

LCAC233A

3.

Tightening torque : 19.6-26.5 N-m ( 2.0-2.7 kg-m, 14.5-19.5 lb-ft)

LCAC232A

Side clearance : Inner rotor : 0.040-0.085 mm (0.0016-0.0033 in) Outer rotor : 0.050-0.100 mm (0.0020-0.0039 in) Body clearance (Between outer rotor and body): 0.100-0.176 mm (0.0039-0.0069 in) 3.

If clearance is excessive, replace the oil pump.

Install the oil feed pipe to the oil pump and bed plate.

4.

Install the oil pan. Refer to "Oil pan"

5.

Install the timing chain "B" and "C". Refer to "Timing chain".

6.

Refill engine oil and check for oil leak.

LUBRICATION SYSTEM

EM -59

OIL COOLER COMPONENTS

LCAC2400

LCAC240A

REMOVAL 1.

LCAC2410

Drain engine coolant and engine oil.

2.

Remove the engine oil filter.

EM -60

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

3.

Remove the oil cooler assembly from the cylinder block.

4.

Remove the oil cooler from the oil cooler cover.

5.

Remove the oil cooler by-pass valve and the relief valve from the oil cooler cover.

INSPECTION

LCAC2430

OIL COOLER BY-PASS VALVE 1.

Check that the valve operates properly.

2.

Verify the temperature at which the valve begins to open.

LCAC2420

OIL COOLER 1.

Inspect visually the core for clogging or damage, and replace it if a problem is found.

Item

Temperature ¡ÆC (¡ÆF)

Lift mm (in)

Valve opening temperature

91.5-94.5 (196.7-202.1)

0.05 (0.002)

Full opening temperature

97-103 (206.6-217.4)

5 (0.197)

Full lift

150 (302)

Below 11 (0.433)

LCAC242A

LCAC243A

LCAC2440

OIL RELIEF VALVE 1.

Check the relief plunger for wear or damage.

2.

Check the relief spring for weak.

LCAC244A

LUBRICATION SYSTEM INSTALLATION 1.

EM -61 6.

LCAC2450

Install the oil cooler by-pass valve and the relief valve to the oil cooler cover. Tightening torque : Oil cooler by-pass valve : 49.0-58.8 N-m (5-6 kg-m, 36.2-43.4 lb-ft) Relief valve plug : 39.2-49.0 N-m (4-5 kg-m, 28.9-36.2 lb-ft)

LCAC245A

2.

Install the oil cooler to oil cooler cover Tightening torque : 17.7-24.5 N-m (1.8-2.5 kg-m, 13.0-18.1 lb-ft)

3.

Install the oil cooler assembly to the cylinder block with new gasket.

Bolt

Size

Quantity

Tightening torque N-m (kg-m, lb-ft)

A

8 x 35

8 EA

19.6-25.5 (2.0-2.6, 14.5-18.8)

B

8 x 60

3 EA

19.6-25.5 (2.0-2.6, 14.5-18.8)

Bolt size = Diameter x Length

LCAC245B

4.

Install the engine oil filter. Tightening torque : 19.6-24.5 N-m (2.0-2.5 kg-m, 14.5-18.1 lb-ft)

5.

Refill the engine oil and engine coolant.

Check for oil and coolant leak.

EM -62

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

INTAKE AND EXHAUST SYSTEM EXHAUST MANIFOLD COMPONENTS

LCAC2500

LCAC250A

INTAKE AND EXHAUST SYSTEM

EM -63

INTAKE MANIFOLD COMPONENTS

LCAC2600

LCAC260A

EM -64

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

INSTALLATION 1.

LCAC2610

Install the intake manifold with new gasket.

Bolt

Size

Quantity

Tightening torque N-m (kg-m, lb-ft)

A

8 x 112

4 EA

14.7-19.6 (1.5-2.0, 10.8-14.5)

B

8 x 32

4 EA

14.7-19.6 (1.5-2.0, 10.8-14.5)

C

Nut

2 EA

14.7-19.6 (1.5-2.0, 10.8-14.5)

* Bolts size = Diameter x Length

LCAC261A

2.

Install the EGR valve and pipe. Tightening torque : A Nuts(4EA) : 16.7-25.5N-m(1.7-2.6 kg-m,12.3-18.8 lb-ft) B Bolts(2EA) : 16.7-25.5N-m(1.7-2.6 kg-m,12.3-18.8 lb-ft)

LCAC261B

INTAKE AND EXHAUST SYSTEM

EM -65

MUFFLER COMPONENT

LCAC2700

LCAC270A

EM -66

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

TURBO CHARGER (TC) COMPONENTS

LCAC2800

LCAC280A

INTAKE AND EXHAUST SYSTEM

EM -67

AIR CLEANER (ACL) COMPONENT

LCAC3000

LCAC300A

EM -68

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

CYLINDER HEAD ASSEMBLY CYLINDER HEAD COMPONENTS

LCAC3100

LCAC310A

CYLINDER HEAD ASSEMBLY DISASSEMBLY

EM -69 3.

LCAC3110

CYLINDER HEAD ASSEMBLY

Distortion : 0.15 mm (0.0059 in)

1.

Disconnect the negative battery cable.

2.

Drain the engine oil and engine coolant.

3.

Remove the timing chain "C". Refer to "Timing chain".

4.

Remove the exhaust manifold and intake manifold. Refer to "Exhaust manifold" , "Intake manifold".

5.

Remove the water temperature sensor.

6.

Remove the TDC sensor.

7.

Remove the glow plug.

8.

Remove the cylinder head cover. Refer to "Cylinder head cover".

9.

Remove the camshaft. Refer to "Camshaft".

LCAC313B

4.

If distortion exceeds specification, grind surface or replace cylinder head.

REASSEMBLY

10. Remove the cam follow(rocker arm) and HLA.

LCAC3190

CYLINDER HEAD ASSEMBLY

11. Remove the cylinder head assembly.

INSPECTION

Measure manifold contact surface distortion in four directions shown in figure.

1.

Select the cylinder head gasket. 1)

LCAC3130

CYLINDER HEAD 1.

Inspect the cylinder head for damage, cracks and leakage of water and oil. Replace the cylinder head if necessary.

2.

Measure cylinder head distortion in six directions shown in figure.

Measure the piston protrusion (8 places) from the upper face of the cylinder block and calculate the average of the 8 piston protrusion.

Distortion : 0.15 mm (0.0059 in)

LCAC319A

LCAC313A

LCAC319B

EM -70 2)

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM Select the gasket from the grade A to C in the table below using the average of the 8 piston protrusion. Even if only 1 point is over than the limit of piston protrusion at each grade, 1 grade upper gasket than specified below.

3.

Install the HLA to the cylinder head. 1)

Until installing HLA shall be held upright so that diesel oil in HLA should not spill and assured that dust does not adhere to HLA.

2)

HLA shall be inserted tenderly to the cylinder head not to spill diesel oil from HLA. In case of spilling, air bent shall be done in accordance with the air bent procedure. NOTE

Stroke HLA in diesel oil 4-5 times by pushing its cap while pushing the ball down slightly by hard steel wire. (Take care not to severely push hard steel wire down since ball is several grams.)

LCAC319H

LCAC319E

4.

Install the cam follow (rocker arm) on the HLA and valve.

LCAC319C

2.

Install the cylinder head assembly with the cylinder head gasket. Tightening torque : 49.0 N-m (5.0 kg-m, 36.2 lb-ft) + 120¡Æ + 90¡Æ

LCAC319F

LCAC319D

5.

Install the camshaft. Refer to "Camshaft".

6.

Install the cylinder head cover. Refer to "Cylinder head cover".

CYLINDER HEAD ASSEMBLY 7.

EM -71

Install the glow plug. Tightening torque: Glow plug : 15-20 N-m (1.5-2.0 kg-m, 11-15 lb-ft) Glow plug plate nut : 0.8-1.5 N-m (8-15 kg-cm, 0.6-1.1 lb-ft)

LCAC319G

8.

Install the TDC sensor. Tightening torque : 6.9-10.8 N-m (0.7-1.1 kg-m, 5.1-8.0 lb-ft)

LCAC319I

9.

Install the water temperature sensor. Tightening torque : 29.4-39.2 N-m (3-4 kg-m, 21.7-28.9 lb-ft)

10. Install the exhaust manifold and intake manifold. Refer to "Exhaust manifold", "Intake manifold". 11. Install the timing chain "C". Refer to "Timing chain". 12. Refill the engine oil and engine coolant. Check leak oil and coolant.

EM -72

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

ROCKER ARM INSPECTION

LCAC3170

CAM FOLLOW (ROCKER ARM) 1.

Check rotation of the roller. If they do not rotate smoothly or are loose, replace them.

2.

Check the roller surface. Replace if there is any dent, damage or evidence of seizure.

3.

Check the valve contact surface for possible damage or evidence of seizure. Replace if necessary.

LCAC317A

CYLINDER HEAD ASSEMBLY

EM -73

HYDRAULIC LASH ADJUSTER (HLA) INSPECTION

LCAC3180

HLA With the HLA filled with engine oil, hold A and press B by hand, If B moves, replace the HLA. LCAC318A

Problem

Possible cause

Action

1. Temporary noise when starting a cold engine

Normal

This noise will disappear after the oil in the engine reaches the normal pressure.

2. Continuous noise when the engine is started after parking more than 48 hours.

Oil leakage of the high pressure chamber on the HLA, allowing air to get in.

Noise will disappear within 15 minutes when engine runs at 2000-3000 rpm. If it doesn’t disappear,refer to step 7 below.

3. Continuous noise when the engine is first started after rebuilding cylinder head.

Insufficient oil in cylinder head oil gallery.

4. Continuous noise when the engine is started after excessively craking the engine by the starter motor or band.

Oil leakage of the high-pressure chamber in the HLA, allowing air to get in. Insufficient oil in the HLA.

5. Continuous noise when the engine is running after changing the HLA.

6. Continuous noise during idle after high engine speed.

7. Noise cotinues for more than 15 minutes.

CAUTION Do not run engine at a speed higher than 3000 rpm, as this may damage the HLA. Engine oil level too high or too low.

Check oil level. Drain or add oil as necessary.

Excessive amount of air in the oil at high engine speed.

Check oil supply system.

Deteriorated oil.

Check oil quality. If deteriorated, replace with specified type.

Low oil pressure.

Check oil pressure and oil supply system of each part of engine.

Faulty HLA.

Remove the cylinder head cover and press HLA down by hand. If it moves, replace the HLA.

WARNING Be careful with the hot HLAS.

EM -74

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

VALVES REPLACEMENT

INSPECTION

LCAC3140

VALVE AND VALVE GUIDE LCAC3120

1.

VALVE STEM SEAL

Inspect each valve for following. Replace of resurface if necessary.

1.

Remove the valve stem seal using pliers.

1)

Damage or bent stem

2.

Install a new valve stem seal to the valve guide using the special tool (09222-4A000).

2)

Roughness or damage to face

3)

Damage or uneven wear of stem tip

CAUTION

2.

• Do not reuse the used valve stem seal. • When installing the valve stem seal, using the special tool is needed, not to leak the fluid.

Check valve head margin thickness. Replace if necessary. Margin thickness : Intake, Exhaust : 1.8-2.0 mm (0.071-0.079 in)

LCAC312A LCAC314A

3.

Measure valve length. Valve length : Intake, Exhaust : 110.55 mm (4.352 in)

LCAC314B

CYLINDER HEAD ASSEMBLY 4.

EM -75

Measure valve stem diameter.

7.

Valve stem diameter : Intake : 6.965-6.980 mm (0.2742-0.2748 in) Exhaust : 6.935-6.950 mm (0.2730-0.2736 in)

If clearance exceeds maximum, replace valve and/or cylinder head. LCAC3150

VALVE SEAT 1.

2. LCAC314C

5.

Inspect contact surface of valve seat and valve face for following. 1)

Roughness

2)

Damage

If necessary, resurface valve seat with a 45 (Intake), 45 (Exhaust) valve seat cutter and/or resurface valve face.

Measure valve guide inner diameter. Inner diameter Intake, Exhaust : 7.000-7.015 mm (0.2756-0.2762 in)

LCAC315A

3.

Apply a thin coat of Prussian blue to valve face.

4.

Check valve seating by rotating valve against seat. 1)

If blue does not appear 360¡Æ around valve face, replace valve.

2)

If blue does not appear 360¡Æ around valve seat, resurface valve seat.

LCAC314D

6.

Measure valve stem to guide clearance by subtract outer diameter of valve stem from inner diameter of corresponding valve guide. Clearance : Intake : 0.020-0.050 mm (0.0008-0.0020 in) Exhaust : 0.050-0.080 mm (0.0020-0.0031 in)

LCAC315B

LCAC314E

EM -76 5.

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

Check seat contact width.

LCAC3160

Seat contact width : Intake : 1.3-1.7 mm (0.0512-0.0669 in) Exhaust : 1.5-1.9 mm (0.0591-0.0748 in)

VALVE SPRING 1.

Inspect each valve spring for cracks or damage.

2.

Check free length and out-of-square. Replace if necessary. Free length : 48.2 mm (1.898 in)

LCAC315C

6.

Check that valve seating position is at center of valve face. 1)

If seating position is too high (low), correct valve seat with a 45 (Intake), 45 (Exhaust) cutter.

LCAC316A

Out-of-square : Below 1.5

LCAC315D LCAC316B

7.

Seat the valve to the valve seat with a lapping compound.

3.

Check spring pressure, and replace it if necessary. Spring pressure : 258 ¡ 12 N / 38 mm (26.3±1.2 kg/38 mm, 569 ¡ 26 lb / 1.496 in) 505.5 ¡ 24 N/ 28.8 mm (51.5±2.4 kg/28.8 mm, 1114.4 ¡ 53 lb / 1.134 in)

CYLINDER HEAD ASSEMBLY

EM -77

ROKER COVER & PLUG COMPONENTS

LCAC3200

LCAC320A

EM -78

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

REMOVAL

LCAC3210

1.

Disconnect the negative battery cable.

2.

Remove the high pressure pipe and the injector. Refer to "FL" (Fuel system) section. WARNING 1. 2. 3.

Fuel system is subject to extremely high pressure (1350 bar(1370 kg/cm2)). Never perform any work on injection system with engine running or within 30 seconds after stopping the engine. Always pay attention to safety precautions. NOTE

When remove the injectors, set the special tool (09351-4A000) to where the injector holder removed, install a slide hammer on the special tool, using the hammer, tap upward to remove the injector. 3.

Remove the cylinder head cover.

INSTALLATION 1.

LCAC3220

Install the cylinder head cover. Tightening torque : 9.8-11.8 N-m (1.0-1.2 kg-m, 7.2-8.7 lb-ft)

LCAC322A

2.

Install the injector and the high pressure pipe. Refer to "FL" (Fuel system) section.

TIMING SYSTEM

EM -79

TIMING SYSTEM TIMING CHAIN COMPONENTS

LCAC3300

LCAC330A

EM -80 COMPONENT

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM LCAC3310

LCAC331A

TIMING SYSTEM DISASSEMBLY

EM -81 8.

Remove the timing chain guide “B(1), B(2)”.

TIMING CHAIN “C”

9.

Remove the RH balance shaft sprocket bolt.

1.

Rotate the crankshaft pulley to align the timing mark with TDC, in which No.1 piston locates at the top dead center of compression stroke.

10. Remove the timing chain “B” with the RH balance shaft sprocket.

2.

Remove the timing chain upper front cover.

TIMING CHAIN “A”

3.

Remove the cylinder head cover.

1.

Remove the timing chain “C” and “B”.

4.

Holding the slot of the camshaft with the spanner, loosen the bolts for the high-pressure pump sprocket and camshaft sprocket.

2.

Loosen the high-pressure pump sprocket.

3.

Remove the timing chain auto-tensioner “A”.

5.

LCAC3320

Remove the timing chain auto-tensioner “C”.

NOTE Before removing auto-tensioner “A”, install a set pin (ø2.5mm wire) after compressing the tensioner.

NOTE Before removing auto-tensioner “C”, install a set pin (ø2.5mm steel wire) after compressing the tensioner so that inner parts are not missing during disassembly. 6.

Remove the timing chain lever “C”.

7.

Remove the timing chain guide “C(1), C(2)”.

8.

Remove the LH and RH camshaft sprocket bolts.

9.

Remove the timing chain “C” with the camshaft sprocket.

LCAC3340

4.

Remove the timing chain lever “A”.

5.

Remove the timing chain guide “A”.

6.

Set the special tool (09331-4A000) around the high pressure pump sprocket and install a knob.

10. Remove the timing chain upper under cover. LCAC3330

TIMING CHAIN “B” 1.

Remove the timing chain “C”.

2.

Remove the crankshaft pulley.

3.

Remove the oil pan.

4.

Remove the timing chain lower front cover.

5.

To prevent the rotation of RH balance shaft, remove the plug at the side of cylinder block and insert the screwdriver (or bolt) with an 8 mm(0.32in) diameter into the plughole more than 60 mm (2.4in).

6.

Loosen the RH balance shaft sprocket bolt.

7.

Remove the timing chain auto-tensioner “B”. NOTE Before removing auto-tensioner “B”, install a set pin (ø2.5mm wire) after compressing the tensioner.

LCAC334A

7.

Grab the knob with the left hand and remove the high pressure pump sprocket with a spanner.

8.

Remove the timing chain “A” with the high-pressure pump sprocket. CAUTION Remove thoroughly sealant and oil etc left at the sealing surface after remove the chain cover and oil pan. (If any impurities are left at the sealing face, oil may leak after reassembly even with the sealant application.)

EM -82

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

REASSEMBLY

3.

LCAC3350

TIMING CHAIN “A” 1. 2.

Check the worn of timing chain, lever, guide and sprocket and replace them if necessary.

Install the crankshaft sprocket as the timing mark of crankshaft sprocket aligns with the timing mark of lower under cover, at which No.1 piston locates at the top dead center of compression stroke. NOTE

Choose proper high pressure pump sprocket after measuring protrusion of sprocket

In installing crankshaft sprocket, apply oil to the O ring inside the sprocket.

1)

Assemble a high-pressure pump sprocket (Grade A) tentatively to high-pressure pump.

4.

Align the timing mark of LH balance sprocket with the timing mark of timing chain lower under cover.

2)

Install a gauge to the cylinder block as shown illustration. And then turn the high pressure pump sprocket once by using a wrench.

5.

Check the LH balance shaft whether it is located at the right position. To prevent the rotation of balance shaft, remove plug at the side of cylinder block. Insert screwdriver (or bolt) with an 8 mm (0.32in) diameter into the plughole and check whether it slides more than 60 mm(2.4in). NOTE When the screwdriver (or bolt) depth is about 25-30mm(1-1.2in), rotate LH balance shaft sprocket 1 revolution. And insert the screwdriver (or bolt) again to check whether it slides more than 60mm(2.4in).

LCAC335A

3)

Choose proper sprocket grade according to average of maximum and minimum value of gauge.

Grade

Color

Protrusion (mm(in))

A

Blue

34.2-35.0 (1.3465-1.3780)

B

White

33.4-34.2 (1.3150-1.3465)

C

Red

35.0-35.8 (1.3780-1.4094)

LCAC335C

6.

Assemble the upper bolt of timing chain guide “A” tentatively.

LCAC335B

LCAC335D

TIMING SYSTEM 7.

Align the timing marks of sprocket and chain when high-pressure pump sprocket is not installed to pump.

8.

Using the chain connected to the high-pressure pump sprocket, install as the timing marks of LH balance shaft sprocket and crankshaft sprocket align with each other.

9.

Assemble the high-pressure pump sprocket to the high-pressure pump tentatively.

EM -83 LCAC3360

TIMING CHAIN “B” 1.

Check the worn of timing chain, lever, guide and sprocket and replace them if necessary.

2.

Install the timing chain “A”.

3.

Check the RH balance shaft whether it is located at the right position. To prevent the rotation of balance shaft, insert the screwdriver (or bolt) into the plughole at the side of cylinder block and check whether it slides more than 60 mm(2.4in).

10. Install the other bolt of the timing chain guide “A” at the lower side and tighten it. Tightening torque : Upper bolt : 9.8-11.8 N·m(1.0-1.2 kg·m, 7.2-8.7 lb·ft) Lower bolt : 19.6-26.5N·m(2.0-2.7 kg·m, 14.5-19.5 lb·ft) 11. Install the timing chain lever “A”. Tightening torque : 19.6-26.5 N·m(2.0-2.7 kg·m, 14.5-19.5 lb·ft) 12. Install the timing chain auto-tensioner “A”, and remove a set pin from the auto-tensioner. Tightening torque : 19.6-26.5 N·m(2.0-2.7 kg·m, 14.5-19.5 lb·ft)

LCAC336A

4.

Align the timing marks of sprocket and chain when balance shaft sprocket is not installed to the balance shaft.

NOTE After assembling timing chain, check whether chain is assembled within the rail at both sides. 13. Remove the screwdriver (or bolt) from the plughole and install the plug. Tightening torque : 14.7-21.6 N·m(1.5-2.2 kg·m, 10.8-15.9 lb·ft) LCAC336B

5.

Using the chain connected to RH balance shaft sprocket, install as the timing marks of crankshaft sprocket and oil pump sprocket align with each other.

6.

Assemble the RH balance shaft sprocket to the balance shaft tentatively.

7.

Install the timing chain guide “B(1), B(2)”. Tightening torque: 9.8-11.8 N·m(1.0-1.2 kg·m, 7.2-8.7 lb·ft)

EM -84 8.

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

Install the timing chain auto-tensioner “B”, and remove the set pin from the auto-tensioner. Tightening torque: 9.8-11.8 N·m(1.0-1.2 kg·m, 7.2-8.7 lb·ft)

9.

Assemble the RH balance shaft sprocket bolt. Tightening torque: 33.3-39.2 N·m(3.4-4.0 kg·m, 24.6-28.9 lb·ft)

10. Remove the screwdriver (or bolt) from the plughole and install the plug.

LCAC336D

13. Install the oil pan.

Tightening torque: 14.7-21.6 N·m(1.5-2.2 kg·m, 10.8-15.9 lb·ft)

CAUTION Then apply the sealant additionally to prevent the oil leak to the overlapping part (T-joint: 4 points right and left of the engine), where bed plate, timing chain lower under cover, timing chain lower front cover and oil pan overlap.

11. Apply the sealant at the timing chain lower front cover. Sealant type : Lotite #5902 Bead width : 2-4 mm(0.08-0.16 in)

LCAC3370

TIMING CHAIN “C”

LCAC336C

12. Install the timing chain lower front cover. Bolt

Size

Quantity

Tightening torque N-m (kg-m, lb-ft)

A

8 x 80

4 EA

9.8-11.8 (1.0-1.2, 14.5-19.5)

B

8 x 70

1 EA

19.6-26.5 (2.0-2.7, 14.5-19.5)

C

8 x 50

3 EA

19.6-26.5 (2.0-2.7, 14.5-19.5)

D

8 x 40

1 EA

19.6-26.5 (2.0-2.7, 14.5-19.5)

E

8 x 22

1 EA

19.6-26.5 (2.0-2.7, 14.5-19.5)

1.

Check the worn of the timing chain, lever, guide and sprocket and replace them if necessary.

2.

Install the timing chain “A” and “B”.

3.

Apply the sealant at the timing chain upper under cover. Sealant type : Lotite #5902 Bead width : 2-4 mm (0.08-0.16 in) CAUTION Then apply the sealant additionally to prevent the oil leak to the overlapping part (T-joint : 2 points right and left of the engine), where cylinder head, timing chain cover plate and timing chain upper under cover overlap.

* Bolt Size = Diameter x Length

LCAC337A

TIMING SYSTEM 4.

EM -85 9.

Install the timing chain upper under cover.

Bolt

Size

Quantity

Tightening torque N-m (kg-m, lb-ft)

A

6 x 14

4 EA

9.8-11.8 (1.0-1.2, 7.2-8.7)

B

6 x 22

9 EA

19.6-26.5 (2.0-2.7, 14.5-19.5)

C

8 x 22

1 EA

19.6-26.5 (2.0-2.7, 14.5-19.5)

D

8 x 40

1 EA

19.6-26.5 (2.0-2.7, 14.5-19.5)

E

Nut

1 EA

9.8-11.8 (1.0-1.2, 7.2-8.7)

* Bolt Size = Diameter x Length

Assemble the RH camshaft sprocket to the RH camshaft tentatively.

10. Install the timing chain guide “C(1), C(2)”. Tightening torque: 9.8-11.8 N·m(1.0-1.2 kg·m, 7.2-8.7 lb·ft) 11. Install the timing chain lever “C”. Tightening torque: 19.6-26.5 N·m(2.0-2.7 kg·m, 14.5-19.5 lb·ft) 12. Install the timing chain auto-tensioner “C”, and remove the set pin from the auto-tensioner. Tightening torque: 9.8-11.8 N·m(1.0-1.2 kg·m, 7.2-8.7 lb·ft) 13. Assemble the high-pressure pump sprocket bolt. Tightening torque: 64.7-74.5 N·m (6.6-7.6 kg·m, 47.7-55.0 lb·ft) 14. Assemble camshaft sprocket bolt.

LCAC337B

5.

Assemble the LH camshaft sprocket tentatively, and align the timing mark with that of timing chain upper under cover.

Tightening torque: 93.2-117.7 N·m (9.5-12 kg·m, 68.7-86.8 lb·ft) NOTE Then assemble the damper pulley to the crankshaft tentatively and align the timing mark of the damper pulley to that of chain cover. And check whether timing mark of the camshaft positions at the right place finally. 15. Apply the sealant at the timing chain upper front cover. Sealant type : Lotite #5902 Bead width : 2-4 mm (0.08-0.16 in)

LCAC337C

6.

Align the RH camshaft dowel pin with the timing mark of the timing chain upper under cover.

7.

Align the timing marks of sprocket and chain when RH camshaft sprocket is not installed to the camshaft.

8.

Using the chain connected to the RH camshaft sprocket, install as the timing marks of high-pressure pump sprocket and LH camshaft sprocket align with each other. LCAC337D

16. Install the timing chain upper front cover. Tightening torque: 19.6-26.5 N·m(2.0-2.7 kg·m, 14.5-19.5 lb·ft)

EM -86

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

REPLACEMENT

LCAC3380

TIMING CHAIN LOWER FRONT COVER OIL SEAL 1.

With the timing chain lower front cover oil seal installed, install the oil seal using the special tool (09214-4A000). NOTE Apply engine fluid to the circumference of oil seal lip.

LCAC338A

PREHEATING SYSTEM

EM -87

PREHEATING SYSTEM REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION

LBAC1000

COMPONENTS

LBAC100A

INSPECTION

LBAC1100

3.

Check glow plug for damage.

GLOW PLUG 1.

Check the continuity between the terminal and body as illustrated. Replace if discontinuity or with large resistance. Standard value : 0.25 CAUTION Remove oil from plug before measuring as glow plug resistance is very small. BE9C120A

2.

Check for rust on glow plug plate.

EM -88

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

DIESEL CONTROL SYSTEM ECU ECU TERMINAL LAYOUT

LFAC1700

LFAC170A

Terminal

Signal (Associated Function)

Connected to

1

BATTERY (-)

BATTERY Ground

2

BATTERY (-)

BATTERY Ground

3

BATTERY (-)

BATTERY Ground

4

BATTERY (+) via FUSE (10A)

MAIN RELAY

5

BATTERY (+) via FUSE (20A)

MAIN RELAY

6

-

-

7

-

-

8

-

-

9

CAN LOW

10

CAN HIGH

11

SMARTRA IMMOBILIZER System (Anti-Theft Protection)

SMARTRA IMMOBILIZER

-

12

-

13

SYSTEM POWER RELAY

MAIN RELAY

14

AUTO CRUISE MAIN INDICATOR LAMP

AUTO CRUISE MAIN INDICATOR LAMP

15

GLOW PLUG RELAY

GLOW PLUG RELAY

16

VACUUM MODULAR CONTROL (For EGR VALVE) Signal

VACUUM MODULAR (For EGR VALVE)

17

IMMOBILIZER INDICATOR LAMP

IMMOBILIZER INDICATOR LAMP

18

-

-

19

-

-

20

To MAIN CONDENSER FAN RELAY

MAIN CONDENSER FAN RELAY

21

To A/CON COMPRESSOR RELAY

A/CON COMPRESSOR RELAY

22

ACCELERATION PEDAL PWM Signal TOD

TOD TOD UNIT

23

AUXILIARY WATER HEATER RELAY

AUXILIARY WATER HEATER RELAY

24

-

-

25

-

-

26

-

-

DIESEL CONTROL SYSTEM

EM -89

Terminal

Signal (Associated Function)

Connected to

27

-

-

28

-

-

29

-

-

30

-

-

31

-

-

32

-

-

33

-

-

34

-

-

35

-

-

36

-

-

37

-

-

38

-

-

39

-

-

40

CRUISE CONTROL Supply

41

-

-

42

-

-

43

-

-

44

-

-

45

-

-

46

-

-

CRUISE CONTROL ACTIVATOR

47

ENGINE SPEED Signal To TACHOMETER

TACHOMETER

48

DIAGNOSIS K-LINE

SCAN TOOL CONNECTOR (Pin No.7)

49

VEHICLE SPEED Signal (From VEHICLE SPEED SENSOR)

VEHICLE SPEED SENSOR

-

50 51

A/CON PRESSURE S/W Input

A/CON PRESSURE S/W

52

-

-

53

-

-

54

REDUNDANT BRAKE S/W Input

55 56

BRAKE S/W

MT/AT AUTO RECOGNITION S/W (MT:Open, AT:Ground)

57

MT/AT AUTO RECOGNITION S/W (MT:Open, AT:Ground)

-

-

58

Terminal 15 ( IG ON/OFF Signal)

IGNITION S/W

59

BRAKE S/W Input

BRAKE S/W

60

A/CON ON S/W Input

THERMO S/W

61

CLUTCH S/W Input

CLUTCH S/W

62

BLOWER S/W Input

BLOWER S/W

63

-

-

64

-

-

EM -90

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

Terminal

Signal (Associated Function)

Connected to

65

-

-

66

-

-

67

-

-

68

-

-

69

-

-

70

-

-

71

-

-

72

-

-

73

-

-

74

CRUISE CONTROL ACTIVATOR Ground

CRUISE CONTROL ACTIVATOR

75

CRUISE CONTROL ACTIVATOR Signal

CRUISE CONTROL ACTIVATOR

76

ACCELERATION PEDAL SENSOR Ground 1 (PWM)

ACCELERATION PEDAL SENSOR

77

ACCELERATION PEDAL SENSOR Signal 1 (PWM)

ACCELERATION PEDAL SENSOR

78

ACCELERATION PEDAL SENSOR Supply 1 (PWM)

ACCELERATION PEDAL SENSOR

79

ACCELERATION PEDAL SENSOR Ground 2 (PGS)

ACCELERATION PEDAL SENSOR

80

ACCELERATION PEDAL SENSOR Signal 2 (PGS)

ACCELERATION PEDAL SENSOR

81

ACCELERATION PEDAL SENSOR Supply 2 (PGS)

ACCELERATION PEDAL SENSOR

82

-

-

83

-

-

84

WATER TEMPERATURE SENSOR (WTS) Signal

WATER TEMPERATURE & GLOW UNIT SENSOR

85

WATER TEMPERATURE SENSOR (WTS) Ground

WATER TEMPERATURE & GLOW UNIT SENSOR

86

AIR TEMPERATURE SENSOR (ATS) Signal

AIR FLOW SENSOR (HFMS)

87

SMARTRA IMMOBILIZER Ground

88

AIR FLOW SENSOR (HFMS) Ground

AIR FLOW SENSOR (HFMS)

89

AIR FLOW SENSOR (HFMS) Signal

AIR FLOW SENSOR (HFMS)

90

RAIL PRESSURE SENSOR (RPS) Supply

RAIL PRESSURE SENSOR (RPS)

91

RAIL PRESSURE SENSOR (RPS) Signal

RAIL PRESSURE SENSOR (RPS)

92

RAIL PRESSURE SENSOR (RPS) Ground

RAIL PRESSURE SENSOR (RPS)

-

93

-

-

94

-

-

95

-

-

96

-

-

97 98

AIR FLOW SENSOR (HFMS) Supply -

AIR FLOW SENSOR (HFMS) -

99

CRANKSHAFT POSITION SENSOR (CKP) Signal (-)

CRANKSHAFT POSITION SENSOR (CKP)

100

CRANKSHAFT POSITION SENSOR (CKP) Signal (+)

CRANKSHAFT POSITION SENSOR (CKP)

101

CRANKSHAFT POSITION SENSOR (CKP) Shield

CRANKSHAFT POSITION SENSOR (CKP)

102

-

-

DIESEL CONTROL SYSTEM Terminal

EM -91

Signal (Associated Function)

Connected to

103

CAMSHAFT POSITION SENSOR (TDC) Signal

CAMSHAFT POSITION SENSOR (TDC)

104

CAMSHAFT POSITION SENSOR (TDC) Ground

CAMSHAFT POSITION SENSOR (TDC)

105

-

-

106

-

-

107

-

-

108

MPROP (SUCTION THROTTLE) HIGH SIDE

MPROP (SUCTION THROTTLE)

109

MPROP (SUCTION THROTTLE) LOW SIDE

MPROP (SUCTION THROTTLE)

110

MALFUCTION INDICATOR LAMP (MIL LAMP)

MALFUNCTION INDICATOR LAMP (MIL LAMP)

111

GLOW TIME INDICATOR LAMP

GLOW TIME INDICATOR LAMP

112

-

-

113

-

-

114

INJECTOR (CYLINDER No. 1)

INJECTOR (CYLINDER No. 1)

115

-

-

116

-

-

117

INJECTOR BANK FOR CYLINDER No.1 AND No.4

INJECTOR BANK FOR CYLINDER No.1 AND No.4

118

INJECTOR BANK FOR CYLINDER No.2 AND No.3

INJECTOR BANK FOR CYLINDER No.2 AND No.3

119

INJECTOR (CYLINDER No. 4)

INJECTOR (CYLINDER No. 4)

120

INJECTOR (CYLINDER No. 3)

INJECTOR (CYLINDER No. 3)

121

INJECTOR (CYLINDER No. 2)

INJECTOR (CYLINDER No. 2)

* S/W: Switch A/CON: Air Conditioner

EM -92

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

DISASSEMBLY

LFAC7200

1.

IG OFF and wait for 30 seconds.

2.

Disconnect the battery groud terminal.

3.

Lift the passenger side carpet (for LHD vehicle), and then remove the protection plate.

4.

Remove the ECU mounting nuts.

5.

Disconnect ECU harness connector. To do this, pull locking clip.

6.

Unscrew four fixing bolts and remove ECU.

PULL

ECU connector

PULL

LFAC720A

FUEL DELIVERY SYSTEM

EM -93

FUEL DELIVERY SYSTEM ACCELERATOR PEDAL DISASSEMBLY

LFAC6200

Accelerator pedal is module type. It has APS (Accel. Position Sensor). 1.

Unscrew fixing bolts or nuts and disconnect APS sensor connector, which senses position of accelerator pedal.

2.

Disassemble APM.

APS sensor connector

APS sensor connector

APS sensor APS sensor

Accelerator pedal Accelerator pedal

LFAC620A

EM -94

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

FUEL FILTER DISASSEMBLY

LFAC6000

Fuel filter is located aside of battery. 1.

Remove the inlet hose and outlet hose.

2.

Remove connectors (thermoswitch, heater and water sensor connector).

3.

Unscrew fixing bolt and nut in bracket, then remove fuel filter. NOTE You must be careful of fuel spillage from fuel filter.

Tightening torque Fuel filter fixing bolts and nut: 30-35N¡¤m (305.9 - 356.9 kg·cm, 22.1 - 25.8 lbf·ft) Water sensor connector Heater

Thermo switch

Fuel inlet Fuel outlet

LFAC600A

LFAC600B

FUEL DELIVERY SYSTEM

EM -95

FUEL TANK DISASSEMBLY 1.

LFAC6100

IG OFF.

3.

Remove carpet, and then disassemble service cover plate.

4.

Disconnect the sender connector.

5.

Disconnect the main and return tube.

6.

Remove breather hose and joint hose in fuel filler pipe.

7.

Remove fuel tank from vehicle.

Air filter LFAC610A

2.

Main tube

Remove rear seat.

Sender connector Return tube LFAC610B

3

4

2 1

3

4

1. Breather hose 2. Joint hose

3. Fuel tank 4. Tank protector LFAC610C

EM -96

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

DIESEL FUEL FEED SYSTEM

DISASSEMBLY 1.

IG OFF.

INJECTOR

2.

Disconnect the negative battery (-) terminal.

3.

Pull off the injector electric connector.

COMPONENTS LOCATION

LFAC6800

CAUTION • Plugs must be installed and/or unistalled only when IG OFF. • The electrical plug-connection must audibly sanp in plae during the installation. • Do not extremely bend or squeeze the cable, do not bring them in contact with sharp edges, and also secure cables against vibrations.

Return line Injector connector Fixing clip

Fuel inlet (from rail)

Fixing bolt

Injector clamp

LFAC6900

Seal ring

4. LFAC680A

CAUTION • Common rail fuel injection system is subject to extremely high pressure (1350 bar). • Never perform any work on injection system with engine runnin or within 30 seconds after stopping the engine. • Always pay attention to safety precaution. • Ensure the absolute cleanliness. • It is not recommanded to remove the injectors

Unfasten the high-pressure fuel pipe at rail and injector. CAUTION When mounting the high-pressure pipes, fix the hexagon component of high-pressure fuel injection parts not to squeeze heavily the high-pressure fuel injection parts.

5.

Remove injector return hose. To remove this, pull fixing-clip first. Fixing clip

CLEANING

LFAC6850

It must be needed to clean the injector when injector is used again. 1.

Clean the injector in vertical position in an ultra-sound bath.

2.

If necessary, clean the injector body and sealing surface on the nozzle retaining nut also, using a fine cleaning cloth to remove any dirt residue. Do not remove the protection caps to do that.

3.

The nozzle-shaft must only be cleaned in an ultrasound bath and in a vertical position. A mechanical cleaning of the nozzle-shaft by wirebrush is not permitted.

LFAC690A

6.

Remove injector clamp by unscrewing injector clamp bolt. CAUTION Before re-installing injector, clean the cylinder head bore and sealing surface. 1. Insert the brush. 2. Clean the sealing surface and blow out.

DIESEL FUEL FEED SYSTEM INSTALLATION 1.

LFAC7000

Insert a new copper sealing ring (if necessary, apply small quantity of grease to bond it to injector) CAUTION Whenever used inject is installed again, clamp fixing bolt and seal-ring are replaced with new one.

2.

Install the injector (do not touch the nozzle tip) and sliding clamp with clamp bolt.

3.

Screw the clamp bolt. Tightening torque Injector clamp fixing bolt: 26.5¡ 2 N·m (270¡ 20 kg¡¤cm, 19.5¡ 1.4 lbf·ft)

4.

Install the high-pressure pipes. Tightening torque Fixing high-pressure pipe: 26.5-28.4 N·m (250-290 kg¡¤cm, 18-20.9 lbf·ft)

5.

Attach the connection of back leak rail. Never fit without clip. CAUTION A fixing clip that was removed must be replaced with a new one.

6.

Check the tightness of back leak rail by tugging it.

7.

Attach the connector.

8.

Re-connect the negative battery (-) terminal.

9.

Start the engine and check the high-pressure circuit for leaks. CAUTION • If accidentally the HP-connector becomes loose then the complete injector must be exchanged. • After each time an injector is loosened the copper seal must be replaced, and if needed also the fastening screw with nut. • Check the fuel-system visually for any leakage. If a leakage is detected even have been used the correct torque, the component(s) must be exchanged.

EM -97

EM -98

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

RAIL

Fuel tube (rail to injectors)

COMPONENTS LOCATION

RPS

LFAC6500

To injectors

From HP pump

Fuel tube (HP to rail)

RPS

Common rail RPS

Mounting bolt Return line LFAC660A

LFAC650A

DISASSEMBLY

INSTALLATION

LFAC6600

1.

CAUTION

LFAC6700

Tightening the three mounting bolts

• Common rail fuel injection system is subject to extremely high pressure (1350 bar). • Never perform any work on injection system with engine runnin or within 30 seconds after stopping the engine. • Always pay attention to safety precaution. • Ensure the absolute cleanliness. • It is not recommanded to remove the injectors.

2.

Assemble intake manifold. Refer to ENGINE MECHANICAL group.

3.

Assemble EGR valve.

4.

Connect rail pressure sensor connector.

1.

Disconnect high-pressure fuel tube (rail to injector, high pressure pump to rail).

5.

Connect high-pressure tube (rail to injector, high pressure pump to rail).

2.

Disconnect return line.

3.

Disconnect rail pressure sensor (RPS) connector.

4.

Remove EGR valve.

5.

Remove intake manifold. CHANICAL group.

6.

Remove three mounting bolts and disassemble.

Refer to ENGINE ME-

CAUTION Be careful of fuel spillage from rail.

Tightening torque Rail fixing bolt: 14.7-21.6N·m (150-220 kg·cm, 10.8-15.9 lbf·ft)

DIESEL FUEL FEED SYSTEM

EM -99

HIGH PRESSURE PUMP COMPONENTS LOCATION

LFAC6400

Fuel return (to fuel tank) Fuel outlet (to rail) WTS

Fuel inlet

Rail pressure regulator (MPROP) LFAC640A

DISASSEMBLY

LFAC8000

1.

Disassemble timing chain and high-pressure sprocket. (Refer to Gr: ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM-TIMING SYSTEM)

2.

Disconnect fuel tube (HP to rail) and rail pressure regulator(MPROP) connector.

3.

Unscrew high-pressure mounting bolts and then disassemble high-pressure pump. Tightening torque High-pressure pump fixing bolt: 12.7-17.7 N·m (130-180 kg¡¤cm, 9.4-13.0 lbf·ft) High-pressure fuel line fixing: 24.5-28.4 N·m (250-290 kg¡¤cm, 18.1-21.0 lbf·ft)

EM -100

ENGINE MECHANICAL SYSTEM

OTHER DIESEL FUEL FEED SYSTEM PARTS INSTALLATION

LFAC7100

Fuel tube (rail to injectors)

Fuel tube (HP to rail)

Common rail LFAC710A

Tightening torque Fuel tube fitting nut: 24.5-28.4 N·m (250-290 kg·cm, 18.1-21.0 lbf·ft) CAUTION • During the installation of the lines, do not use any extreme force, or any tools. • The high-pressure line must only be installed to the injector when the injector is tightly secured in its position. • Tightening torque must never exceed the specification to avoid anydamages to the sealing edge and to avoid that the HP-connector comes loose during the disassembly.

View more...

Comments

Copyright © 2017 KUPDF Inc.
SUPPORT KUPDF